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Zornhaw

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The Zornhaw (Czornhaw, Tzoharn; "Wrath-Hew") is one of the several hidden strikes mentioned in Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital on unarmored long sword fencing.

Primary Sources

Additional Resources

  • Alte Armature und Ringkunst: The Royal Danish Library Ms. Thott 290 2º. Ed. Michael Chidester. Somerville, MA: HEMA Bookshelf, 2020. ISBN 978-1-953683-04-5
  • Kunst und Zettel im Messer: Bavarian State Library Cgm 582. Ed. Michael Chidester. Somerville, MA: HEMA Bookshelf, 2021. ISBN 978-1-953683-16-8
  • Alderson, Keith. “Arts and Crafts of War: die Kunst des Schwerts in its Manuscript Context”. Can The Bones Come to Life? Insights from Reconstruction, Reenactment, and Re-creation 1: 24-29. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-937439-13-2
  • Bauer, Matthias Johannes. “Der Alten Fechter gründtliche Kunst” – Das Frankfurter oder Egenolffsche Fechtbuch. Untersuchung und Edition. Coll. Geschichtswissenschaften 37. München: Utz Verlag, 2016. ISBN 978-3-8316-4559-6
  • Bergner, U. and J. Giessauf. Würgegriff und Mordschlag. Die Fecht- und Ringlehre des Hans Czynner (1538). Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 2006. ISBN 978-3-201-01855-5
  • Burkart, Eric. “The Autograph of an Erudite Martial Artist: A Close Reading of Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 3227a”. Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books. Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe: 451-480. Ed. Daniel Jaquet, et al. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2016. ISBN 978-9004312418
  • Cheney, Stephen. Ringeck · Danzig · Lew Longsword. Self-published, 2020. ISBN 978-8649845441
  • Chidester, Michael. The Long Sword Gloss of GNM Manuscript 3227a. Somerville, MA: HEMA Bookshelf, 2021. ISBN 978-1-953683-13-7
  • Chidester, Michael and Hagedorn, Dierk. “The Foundation and Core of All the Arts of Fighting”: The Long Sword Gloss of GNM Manuscript 3227a. Somerville, MA: HEMA Bookshelf, 2021. ISBN 978-1-953683-05-2
  • Hagedorn, Dierk. Albrecht Dürer. Das Fechtbuch. VS Books, 2021. ISBN 9783932077500
  • Hagedorn, Dierk. Jude Lew: Das Fechtbuch. VS-Books, 2017. ISBN 978-3-932077-46-3
  • Hagedorn, Dierk, with Helen and Henri Hagedorn. Renaissance Combat. Jörg Wilhalm's Fightbook, 1522-1523. Greenhill Books, 2021. ISBN 9781784386566
  • Hagedorn, Dierk and Christian Henry Tobler. The Peter von Danzig Fight Book. Freelance Academy Press, 2021. ISBN 978-1-937439-53-8
  • Hergsell, Gustav, and Hans Talhoffer. Livre d'escrime de Talhoffer (codex Gotha) de l'an 1443. Prague: Chez L'Auteur, 1893.
  • Hergsell, Gustav, and Hans Talhoffer. Talhoffers Fechtbuch (Gothaer Codex) aus dem Jahre 1443: gerichtliche und andere Zweikämpfe darstellend. Prague: Selbstverlag, 1889.
  • Hils, Hans-Peter. Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des langen Schwertes. P. Lang, 1985. ISBN 978-38-204812-9-7
  • Hull, Jeffrey, with Monika Maziarz and Grzegorz Żabiński. Knightly Dueling: The Fighting Arts of German Chivalry. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2007. ISBN 1-58160-674-4
  • Jaquet, Daniel. “The collection of Lew the Jew in the lineage of German Fight Books corpus”. Acta Periodica Duellatorum 5(1):151–191. April 2017. doi:10.1515/apd-2017-0004.
  • Jaquet, Daniel; Bartłomiej Walczak. “Liegnitzer, Hundsfeld or Lew? The question of authorship of popular Medieval fighting teachings”. Acta Periodica Duellatorum 2(1): 105-148. 2014. doi:10.1515/apd-2015-0015
  • Kellett, Rachel E. “'... Vnnd schuß im vnder dem schwert den ort lang ein zu der brust': The Placement and Consequences of Sword-blows in Sigmund Ringeck's Fifteenth-Century Fencing Manual”. Wounds and wound repair in Medieval culture: 128-150. Ed. Larissa Tracy and Kelly DeVries. Leiden: Brill, 2015. doi:10.1163/9789004306455_007
  • Lecküchner, Johannes. The Art of Swordsmanship by Hans Lecküchner. Trans. by Jeffrey L. Forgeng. Boydell Press, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78327-028-6
  • Lindholm, David and Peter Svard. Sigmund Ringeck's Knightly Art of the Longsword. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2003. ISBN 978-1-58160-410-8
  • Lindholm, David and Peter Svard. Sigmund Ringeck's Knightly Arts of Combat. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1-58160-499-3
  • R., Harry. Peter von Danzig. Self-published, 2019. ISBN 978-0-36-870245-7
  • Tobler, Christian Henry. Captain of the Guild: Master Peter Falkner's Art of Knightly Defense. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9825911-1-6
  • Tobler, Christian Henry. In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9825911-1-6
  • Tobler, Christian Henry. Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
  • Verelst, Karin. "Finding a Way through the Labyrinth: Some Methodological Remarks on Critically Editing the Fight Book Corpus". Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books. Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe: 117-188. Ed. Daniel Jaquet, Karin Verelst, and Timothy Dawson. History of Warfare 112. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2016. doi:10.1163/9789004324725_008
  • Vodička, Ondřej. “Origin of the oldest German Fencing Manual Compilation (GNM Hs. 3227a)”. Waffen- und Kostümkunde 61(1): 87-108, 2019.
  • Wallhausen, James. Knightly Martial Arts: An Introduction to Medieval Combat Systems. Self-published, 2010. ISBN 978-1-4457-3736-2
  • Welle, Rainer. Albrecht Dürer und seine Kunst des Zweikampfes : auf den Spuren der Handschrift 26232 in der Albertina Wien. Kumberg: Sublilium Schaffer, Verlag für Geschichte, Kunst & Buchkultur, 2021. ISBN 9783950500806
  • Welle, Rainer. “Ein unvollendetes Meisterwerk der Fecht- und Ringkampfliteratur des 16. Jahrhunderts sucht seinen Autor : der Landshuter Holzschneider und Maler Georg Lemberger als Fecht- und Ringbuchillustrator?” Codices manuscripti & impressi. Supplementum 12. Purkersdorf: Verlag Brüder Hollinek, 2017.
  • Wierschin, Martin. Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens. München: Beck, 1965.
  • Żabiński, Grzegorz. The Longsword Teachings of Master Liechtenauer. The Early Sixteenth Century Swordsmanship Comments in the “Goliath” Manuscript. Poland: Adam Marshall, 2010. ISBN 978-83-7611-662-4
  • Żabiński, Grzegorz. “Unarmored Longsword Combat by Master Liechtenauer via Priest Döbringer.” Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts: 59-116. Ed. Jeffrey Hull. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3

References

  1. Gotha inserts the title Das ist der krieck in this position, but no other version separates it in that way.
  2. Text adds an additional couplet: "hastu es vernomen zu kain / schlag mag er komen".
  3. Text adds an additional couplet: "hast dus vernomen / zu kaim schlag mag er komen".
  4. Text adds an additional couplet: "hastu es vernomen / zu kainen schlag mag er komen."
  5. Talhoffer expands upon Liechtenauer's couplet and adds two additional lines: "und erschrick ab kainem man / stand und sich in ernstlich an".
  6. Text adds an additional line: "das son ich vernomen".
  7. Text adds an additional line: "ha das han ich vernomen".
  8. There is no space between "Dupliere" and "doniden", the "D" was possibly added later.
  9. Text adds an additional line: "dz haw ich vermunen??".
  10. Corrected from »Im«.
  11. The text doubles the title of this section.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Corrected from »Twir«.
  13. haust
  14. Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: [4r] "So machst du in wol betöwben / Die faller in kunst berowben"
  15. Hier hat der Schreiber offensichtlich ein Häkchen vergessen.
  16. should be "dreffen"
  17. This section is followed by one titled "Von durchlauffen ab seczen", which repeat the verse on Absetzen.
  18. Talhoffer adds four additional verses: "und gang nach an den man / stoss mit dem ghiltz schon / wiltu denn nit schallen / so hastu zway eynfallen".
  19. Text adds an additional couplet: "Das schwertt bind / zu der fleche truck in die hend".
  20. Text adds an additional couplet: "Das schwert binden / zu der flech trukh in die hand"
  21. Talhoffer begins this section with two additional verses: "wer dir zestarck welle sin / heng fall im oben eyn".
  22. Text adds an additional couplet: "thutt er sich gegen dir greisen / schlagen das er seisse".
  23. Text adds an additional couplet: "thutt er sich gegen dir greifen / schlagen das er Seise".
  24. Text adds an additional couplet: "thuet er sich gegen dir raisen / schlagen dz er seisse."
  25. ";" in a circle
  26. A guide letter “w” is visible under the “U” (apparently ignored by the rubricator), making the intended word “Wer”.
  27. Hier ist anscheinend dem Schreiber das Leerzeichen verrutscht.

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Video Interpretations

Colin Richards, Arts of Mars Academy

Anton Kohutovič, Gesellschaft Lichtenawers

Hugh Knight, Die Schlachtschule

Sébastien Le Gaillard, la Section Escrime Médiévale de l'USAE

Lukas Žehart

References

  1. "Wisely" inferred from the summary
  2. alt: straight
  3. darfahren: unversehens dazu kommen
  4. A guide letter “w” is visible under the “D” (apparently ignored by the rubricator), making the intended word “Wer”.
  5. Continued up the side margin; due to paper clipping, the bottom line is unclear. 65r gives "gewisse".
  6. wegen preposition
  7. wegen verb
  8. ienen
  9. "Ander" is placed after "Hewe" in the manuscript, with markings indicating the correct order.
  10. Line added in the Kraków.
  11. Indes - Both within and during
  12. I changed this from the passive voice to the active, because it sounds weird. literally: "The war is not prone to you."
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 versetzen: to parry, oppose, transpose
  14. 14.0 14.1 As in to serve in the military or to serve without obligation or to submit
  15. come upon, encounter
  16. to lighten, to weaken, to make small, to weaken, to make inferior.
  17. damaged, you can see the top of the d.