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Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)

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Paulus Kal Fechtbuch
MS KK5126, Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna, Austria

MS KK5126 8v.jpg
MS KK5126 9r.jpg
Folia 8v - 9r
Date ca. 1480s
Language(s) Early New High German
Compiler Unknown
Illustrator(s) Unknown
Material Paper, in a wood and leather binding
Size 129 folia (285 mm × 410 mm)
Format Double-sided; one illustration per side
(ff 1r-100r), unillustrated (ff 104v-129r)
Exemplar(s) Cgm 1507 (ca. 1470)
Treatise scans Digital scans (thumbs)

Allerley Kampf zur Roß und Fueß in und an Harnisch ("All Manner of Combat on Horse and on Foot, Both Armored and Unarmored", MS KK5126) is a German fencing manual probably created in the 1480s.[citation needed] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria. Though Paulus Kal was in the service of Archduke Sigismund of Austria at the time that this manuscript was likely created, it bears the same dedication to Ludwig IV "the Rich" of Wittelsbach (1417-1479),[1] Duke of Bavaria-Landshut, as the other two contemporary manuscripts (perhaps providing evidence that this is an unaltered copy commissioned by someone other than Kal).

Kal's writings (exemplified in the Cgm 1507 consist of a redaction of some of the teachings of Johannes Liechtenauer on mounted fencing, armored fencing, and unarmored fencing, as well as Kal's own teachings on a variety of other weapons. It differs from the works of other followers of Liechtenauer in that instead of offering extensive glosses of the high master's verse, Kal relies on detailed illustrations. Unlike the earlier manuscripts containing Kal's works, this is a much larger compilation incorporating material from several other masters within the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer. At the same time, the text of Kal's own work is omitted (apart from the preface) and the art is somewhat inferior to that of the Cgm 1507.[2]



1r - 8v Blank pages
9r - 10r Introductory material by Paulus Kal
10v - 23r Mounted fencing illustrations by Paulus Kal
23v - 40v Short sword fencing illustrations by Paulus Kal
41v - 46v Armored poleaxe illustrations by Paulus Kal
47v - 52v Longshield illustrations by Paulus Kal
53v - 55v Duel between a man and a woman by Paulus Kal
56v - 61r Sword and buckler illustrations by Paulus Kal
62r - 75v Long sword illustrations by Paulus Kal
76v - 79v Messer illustrations by Paulus Kal
80v - 85r Dagger illustrations by Paulus Kal
86r - 100r Grappling illustrations by Paulus Kal
104v - 106r Recital by Johannes Liechtenauer
106r - 114r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Nicolaüs
114r - 117v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by Pseudo-Peter von Danzig
117v - 122v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Pseudo-Peter von Danzig
122v - 124v Grappling by Ott Jud
124v - 125v Short sword fencing by Martin Huntsfeld
125v - 126r Armored grappling by Martin Huntsfeld
126r - 127r Mounted fencing by Martin Huntsfeld
127r - 127v
127v Sword and buckler by Andre Lignitzer
127v - 128r Dagger by Andre Lignitzer
128v - 129r


Front Cover
MS KK5126 Cover 1.jpg
Inside Cover
MS KK5126 Cover 2.jpg
Folio 1r
Folio 1v
Folio 2r
Folio 2v
Folio 3r
Folio 3v
Folio 4r
Folio 4v
Folio 5r
Folio 5v
Folio 6r
Folio 6v
Folio 7r
Folio 7v
Folio 8r
Folio 8v
MS KK5126 8v.jpg
Folio 9r
MS KK5126 9r.jpg
Folio 9v
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Folio 10r
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Folio 10v
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Folio 11r
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Folio 11v
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Folio 12r
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Folio 12v
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Folio 13r
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Folio 13v
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Folio 14r
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Folio 14v
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Folio 15r
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Folio 15v
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Folio 16r
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Folio 16v
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Folio 17r
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Folio 17v
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Folio 18r
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Folio 18v
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Folio 19r
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Folio 19v
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Folio 20r
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Folio 20v
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Folio 21r
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Folio 21v
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Folio 22r
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Folio 22v
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Folio 23r
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Folio 23v
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Folio 24r
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Folio 25r
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Folio 36v
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Folio 37r
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Folio 38v
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Folio 39r
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Folio 39v
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Folio 40r
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Folio 40v
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Folio 41r
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Folio 42r
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Folio 42v
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Folio 43r
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Folio 43v
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Folio 44r
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Folio 44v
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Folio 45r
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Folio 45v
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Folio 46r
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Folio 46v
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Folio 47r
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Folio 48r
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Folio 48v
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Folio 49r
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Folio 49v
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Folio 51r
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Folio 51v
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Folio 52r
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Folio 52v
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Folio 53r
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Folio 53v
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Folio 54v
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Folio 55r
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Folio 55v
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Folio 56r
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Folio 57v
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Folio 58r
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Folio 58v
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Folio 59v
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Folio 60r
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Folio 60v
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Folio 61v
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Folio 62r
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Folio 62v
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Folio 63r
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Folio 63v
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Folio 65v
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Folio 66r
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Folio 66v
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Folio 67r
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Folio 67v
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Folio 68r
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Folio 68v
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Folio 69r
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Folio 69v
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Folio 70r
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Folio 70v
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Folio 71r
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Folio 72r
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Folio 72v
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Folio 73r
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Folio 73v
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Folio 74r
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Folio 74v
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Folio 75r
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Folio 75v
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Folio 76r
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Folio 76v
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Folio 77r
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Folio 77v
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Folio 78r
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Folio 78v
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Folio 79r
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Folio 79v
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Folio 80r
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Folio 81r
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Folio 81v
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Folio 82r
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Folio 82v
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Folio 83r
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Folio 83v
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Folio 84r
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Folio 84v
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Folio 85r
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Folio 85v
Folio 86r
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Folio 86v
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Folio 87r
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Folio 87v
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Folio 88r
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Folio 88v
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Folio 89r
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Folio 89v
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Folio 90r
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Folio 90v
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Folio 91r
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Folio 91v
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Folio 92r
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Folio 92v
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Folio 93r
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Folio 93v
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Folio 94r
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Folio 94v
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Folio 95r
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Folio 96r
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Folio 96v
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Folio 97r
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Folio 97v
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Folio 98r
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Folio 98v
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Folio 99r
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Folio 99v
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Folio 100r
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Folio 100v
Folio 101r
Folio 101v
Folio 102r
Folio 102v
Folio 103r
Folio 103v
Folio 104r
Folio 104v
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Folio 105r
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Folio 105v
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Folio 106r
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Folio 106v
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Folio 107r
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Folio 107v
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Folio 108r
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Folio 108v
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Folio 109r
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Folio 109v
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Folio 110r
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Folio 110v
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Folio 111r
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Folio 111v
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Folio 112r
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Folio 112v
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Folio 113r
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Folio 113v
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Folio 114r
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Folio 114v
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Folio 115r
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Folio 115v
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Folio 116r
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Folio 116v
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Folio 117r
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Folio 117v
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Folio 118r
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Folio 118v
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Folio 119r
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Folio 119v
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Folio 120r
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Folio 120v
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Folio 121r
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Folio 121v
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Folio 122r
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Folio 122v
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Folio 123r
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Folio 123v
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Folio 124r
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Folio 124v
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Folio 125r
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Folio 125v
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Folio 126r
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Folio 126v
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Folio 127r
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Folio 127v
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Folio 128r
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Folio 128v
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Folio 129r
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Folio 129v
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Inside Cover
Back Cover

Additional Resources


  1. See folio 9r
  2. Tobler, Christian Henry. In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010. p79.
  3. It is unclear whether Paulus Kal left behind any staff treatises, but this indicates a clear connection between staff and pollaxe fighting.
  4. Original appears to be nonsensical. With some consultation this is about as clear a translation I came across.
  5. “suech den vnttern rist”
  6. Presumably since you are only acting as though you will parry, you are voiding, which could expose the armpit etc.
  7. Impalement is implied, probably with the queue.
  8. The point standing upwards happens to be the queue in this play, but likely does not matter.
  9. Hildebrand’s Cut is described by Paurenfeyndt as a parry which allows the opponent’s attack to slide downward off the weapon and to the side.
  10. “Indes” - most likely not in the fencing sense but used as it commonly is.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Kunsthistorisches Museum
Public Domain.png
Translation (Poleaxe) Harrison Ridgeway Private communication
Translation (Longshield) Christian Henry Tobler Freelance Academy Press
Translation (Questions) Jens P. Kleinau Hans Talhoffer: A Historical Martial Arts blog by Jens P. Kleinau
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)