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Gregor Erhart

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Gregor Erhart

Coat of Arms from Erhart's manual
Born ca. 1468 (?)
Ulm, Germany
Died 1540
Augsburg, Germany
Spouse(s) Anna Daucher
Occupation Sculptor
Influenced Paulus Hector Mair
Language Early New High German
Concordance by Michael Chidester

Gregor Erhart (ca.1468? – 1540) was a 16th century German sculptor. He was born at Ulm, the son of sculptor Michel Erhart. No record of his life exists before 1494, when he was already working in Aurgburg, Germany.[1] He married Anna Daucher sometime before he was made a master in 1496, and he continued to live in Augsburg until his death in 1540.[1] Because Erhart never left a signature, his work can only be identified by stylistic analysis or researching the original commission. His greatest artistic achievement was probably the Madonna of Mercy that he sculpted for Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I in 1515; in fact, there are no records of Erhart receiving any commissions after 1525.[1]

HEMA Contributions

Though there are no records of Erhart participating in the fencing guilds, in 1533 he sketched the MS E.1939.65.354. This illustrated fencing manual covers Jörg Wilhalm's sword and a series of uncaptioned dagger and grappling pieces; he also included copies of a number of unillustrated treatises by masters who stood in the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer. It later passed to Lienhart Sollinger, and subsequently Paulus Hector Mair; both men used it as a source for their respective fencing compendia.

Folio 85v
MS E.1939.65.354 085v.jpg
Folio 86v
MS E.1939.65.354 086v.jpg
Folio 87v
MS E.1939.65.354 087v.jpg
Folio 88v
MS E.1939.65.354 088v.jpg
Folio 89v
MS E.1939.65.354 089v.jpg
Folio 90v
MS E.1939.65.354 090v.jpg
Folio 91v
MS E.1939.65.354 091v.jpg
Folio 92v
MS E.1939.65.354 092v.jpg
Folio 93v
MS E.1939.65.354 093v.jpg
Folio 94v
MS E.1939.65.354 094v.jpg
Folio 95v
MS E.1939.65.354 095v.jpg
Folio 96v
MS E.1939.65.354 096v.jpg
Folio 97v
MS E.1939.65.354 097v.jpg
Folio 98v
MS E.1939.65.354 098v.jpg
Folio 99v
MS E.1939.65.354 099v.jpg
Folio 100v
MS E.1939.65.354 100v.jpg
Folio 101v
MS E.1939.65.354 101v.jpg
Folio 102v
MS E.1939.65.354 102v.jpg
Folio 103v
MS E.1939.65.354 103v.jpg
Folio 104v
MS E.1939.65.354 104v.jpg
Folio 105v
MS E.1939.65.354 105v.jpg
Folio 106v
MS E.1939.65.354 106v.jpg
Folio 107v
MS E.1939.65.354 107v.jpg
Folio 108v
MS E.1939.65.354 108v.jpg
Folio 109v
MS E.1939.65.354 109v.jpg
Folio 110v
MS E.1939.65.354 110v.jpg

Additional Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Jeep, John M. Medieval Germany: an Encyclopedia. Psychology Press, 2001. p336.