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Glasgow Gloss Fragment
|Glasgow Gloss Fragment
|Early New High German
|MS E.1939.65.341 (1508)
The Dresden Gloss Fragment is an anonymous 15th or 16th century German commentary on a few lines of Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital (Zettel) on the short sword. The only known copy is in the manuscript E.1939.65.341 (known as the "Glasgow Fechtbuch"), and upon its completion segues into the Pseudo-Peter von Danzig gloss of the remainder of the Recital without break.
 Here begins the gloss and the explanation of the knightly art of the combat fencing, which Johannes Liechtenauer, known as a great master in the art, has composed and made.
 This is the foreword
Gloss: Note, this is that you shall know, when two shall fence with one another on foot in armor, each shall have three weapons: a spear, a sword, and a dagger. And the first wielding in the fight, that shall happen with the spear. Therefore you shall know to arrange yourself in two stances with correct weapon against him with the spear.
 This is the text of the first stance with the spear
Gloss: When you have your spear and he his, arrange yourself with the first stance against him like this: stand with the left foot forward, and hold your spear in the right hand, preparing to throw, and throw before he throws without any apprehension, and follow after the throw quickly to him with the sword, so he may have known no throw to you with the spear. And how you shall then fence with the sword against the spear, you find that written hereafter.
 This is the text of the second stance with the spear
Gloss: This is if you do not want to throw your spear as is written before, arrange yourself with the second stance against him like this: Stand with the left foot forward, and hold your spear with both hand in the middle (like the half sword), next to your right side in the under guard, and stab the before-stab without any apprehension to his opening. If he then does not want to parry and stabs in equally with you, jump to him with your stab, and rise with the arms, and wind in your point above, and set it correctly into his face. If he then shoves your point upwards out of his face with the left arm, set your point under his left armpit into the opening, or otherwise wherever you may, and force him from you with it.
Spring windt setz recht an
Glosa das ist / Ob du dein sper nit verschissen wild / also vor geschribñ stet / So schick dich mit dem anderñ stant gegñ Im also / Ste mit dem linckñ fues vor / vnd halt dein sper mit peidñ hendtñ in der mit / (als das halb schwert) neben deine°
 This is the text regarding the jerk
Gloss: his is when you want to stab before or otherwise come before with the stab, you shall know, when he parries, how you shall jerk so that he does not plant to you while you jerk through, and hear it like this: If he parries your stab with strength, so that your point goes out next to you besides, and does not remain against your opening with it, jerk and stab him to the other side.
 Note, if he remains with the point against your opening in the parry, do not jerk, remain with your spear at his, and aim for the nearest opening with the point, to wherever they may be to you.
 The traveling after with the spear.
Gloss: Note, this is when you have planted into his face with the spear, or otherwise at another instead, if he then falls with the hand into your spear and wants to wrench your point out of the face, and flee back backwards with stepping away, and wants to draw his dagger from scabbard, note when he steps back backwards, he gives himself an opening against you with the side, drop your spear in front, and go near him with the body, and assess, so that [you] win the same side and the back, and grab around him wisely, and raise him up, and strike his right foot out with your right, and throw him onto your right side.
Merck wil er zuchñ
Glosa Merck das ist / wen du im mit dem sper dem ort hast angesetzt in sein gesicht / oder sunst an ein ander stat / velt er den mit den hendtñ in dein sper / vnd wil dein ort auß dem gesicht reÿssñ vnd mit abtrettñ hindtersich zu rück fliechñ / vnd wil von schaidñ ziechñ sein degñ / So merck wen er hindter sich zu ruck trÿtt / so gebt er sich gegñ dir ploß mit der seÿttñ / So laß for dein sper fallñ vnd nachen dich zu im mit dem leib vnd wart
The following is a list of publications containing scans, transcriptions, and translations relevant to this article, as well as published peer-reviewed research.
- “zu dem schuß,” literally “to the shoot.” “Schuss/schiessen” with a spear means to throw it in other KdF texts.
- “schews den vorschuß,” literally “shoot the before-shoot.”
- “Kuck,” Kucken = to watch, look, peak, in northern German. Other sources have this as “zuck,” to jerk, twitch, etc.
- “Lass for dein sper fallñ,” literally “let your spear fall before.”
- “Nachen dich zu him,” literally “near yourself to him.”