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Johannes Lecküchner/No illustrations

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The typical Wiktenauer style is to break up the Recital into verses in a standard fashion according to their rhyme scheme. In the case of Lecküchner, however, the Recital is already broken into discrete lines in most extant copies, but the precise separation varies from copy to copy. The format of the various copies has therefore been preserved in this table in order to allow comparison (even though that means leaving the Vienna version completely un-separated).

Partial Translation (from the Heidelberg)Unfinished translation
by Grzegorz Żabiński, Russell A. Mitchell, Falko Fritz

Draft Translation (from the Munich) Draft translation
by Grzegorz Żabiński, Russell A. Mitchell, Falko Fritz

Salzburg Transcription (1491) [edit]
by Dierk Hagedorn

Heidelberg Transcription (1478) [edit]
by Grzegorz Żabiński, Russell A. Mitchell, Falko Fritz

Munich Ⅰ Transcription (1482) [edit]
by Carsten Lorbeer, Julia Lorbeer, Johann Heim, Robert Brunner, Alex Kiermayer

Vienna Transcription (1512) [edit]
by Dierk Hagedorn

Glasgow Transcription (1533) [edit]

Dresden (Mair) Transcription (1542) [edit]
by Pierre-Henry Bas

Vienna (Mair) German Transcription (1550s) [edit]

Munich (Mair) Transcription (1540s) [edit]

Vienna (Mair) Latin Transcription (1550s) [edit]

Munich Ⅱ Transcription (1556) [edit]

[1] This is the art and charter on the Messer of Sir Hans Leckuchner of Nürnberg, which he did and put together himself, the text and the explanation of it.

This is the art and charter on the Messer of Sir Hans Leckuchner of Nürnberg, which he did and put together himself, the text and the explanation of it to His Highness Prince and Duke Philip, Count Palatine of Rhein, Arch-Cup-bearer and Prince Elector, and Duke in Bavaria.

[2]

The foreword

Pay attention on the following
As far as Messer fencing is concerned
Learn things that decorate you
And reward in friendly and in serious combat
By means of that you frighten
and edify skillfully the masters

Here begins the foreword on the Messer and states that who wants to fight well with the Messer, should learn the proper art and obey to this art and skill written below. This way, he will be able to stand with the rightful art in front of the princes and lords, and his art will be better rewarded to him than to other masters who do not know these things and cannot perform them. Namely, there are many masters of the sword who do not know the art of the Messer and cannot excogitate it properly. Who is able to perform this thing and this art, there are numerous serious elements by which he can beat the masters well and skillfully force them so that they must let themselves be beaten, thrust, led, thrown and held against their wish.


[2r.2]  |Dye vor red.

Ob dw wild achten
|Messer vechten betrachten
|So leren dinck daß dich zyrtt
|Zw schympff zu ernest hofirtt
|Da mit dw erschreckest
|Und dy meyster kunstenlich erbeckest

|Hye hebt sich an dy vor rede ym messer und sagtt wer woll vechten ym messer das er soll lerenen [2v.1] rechte kunst und sich geben auff dyse nach geschriben art und kûnst so mag er wol pestan mitt rechter kunst vor fuersten und vor herren ym soll aych pillicher seyner kunst paß geluenet werden den anderen meysteren dye dyser dinck nicht wyssen und sich nicht dar eyn kunnen schicken wann eß syn vill meysteren des swercz dye nicht wyssen von der artt deß messers noch rechtt aussynnen mugen wer sich aber yn dyse ding und artt schicken kann der findt vill ernestlicher stuck da mit er dy meyster wol mag uff wecken und kunstenlichen weschlyssen daß sy sich an danck schlagen stossen fueren werffen halten mussen lassen Sequitur textus


[138r] Der zetel des Duseggen Fechtens

Ob du Nimpst acht
das duseggen fechten recht betracht
So lern dinng das dich ziert
zu schinpff zu Ernst hofiert
Damit du Erschreckest
die Maisterfrey kunstlich erweckest

Wellicher will Lernen Fechten Inn Duseggen. der soll Lernen rechte Kumst / vnnd sich geben auf dise Nachgeschribne Art. So mag Er wol bestan vor fursten vnnd herzen. Im soll auch seinner Kunnst billich bas gelonnt werden dann anndern Mai= [138v.1] stern die des dinngs nit wissen. Vnnd. sy nit kinden darem schicken wann es seind vil Maister des schwerts die nichts wissen der Art des duseggen. noch recht auszinnen mögen. Wer sich Inn diese dinng vnnd art schicken kann. der finndt vil ernnstliche stuckh dar Inn er die Maister wol mag aufwecken. vnnd kunnstlich beschliessen. das sy sich on danck schlagen. stossen. fieren. werffen vnnd hallten muessen lassen.

[3]

Who displaces only
Will be hurt by the entire art

Here the master ended the foreword and now he gives you a good teaching. Understand it this way: when you come to a man in the Zufechten, you should not stand still with the Messer and wait for his strokes. That is because the swordsmen who only want to displace are beaten a lot, because as they try to displace, they cannot perform any rightful art and this way, as they do not want to do anything but displace and they want to look at other men’s strokes and work, they are beaten and weakened in spite of their entire art.

[1r.3] |Wer newer versetzet
|Mit allen kunsten wirt er geletzet

|So nw der meyster geendet hatt dy vor rede nw gibt er dir ein gutte ler dy verste alzo Wenn dw mit dem zwuechten ze dem man kumbst so soltu nicht stil sten mit dem messer vnd seynen heẅen nach wortten wenn dy vechter dy newer wellen versetzen dy werden ser geschlagen wann dy weil sy versetzen mügen sy [1v.1] kain rechte kunst treyben vnd so sy anders nicht thun wollen dan versetzen vnd auff ander lewt schleg vnd erbeyt wollen sehen So werden sy geschlagen vnd geswecht bey allen iren kunsten.



[4]

“Simultaneously,” “before” and “after,” these words
are the keep of the entire art
“Weak” and “strong”-check them wisely
So that you are fencing skillfully

Here the master states and announces the base of the Messer fencing and says: “simultaneously,” “before” and “after,” etc. You should understand it this way that you should learn properly before all other things these two things, that is the “before” and the “after” and the “strong” and the “weak,” and the word “simultaneously,” as the base of the entire art of fencing comes therefrom. And if you learn and understand these things properly, and additionally you do not forget the word “simultaneously” in all the elements you have performed, you can be well a good master of the Messer and you can teach the princes and lords so that they stand well with the rightful art in friendly and in serious combat.

[46v.2] Indes / vor / vnd noch / die wort
Sin aller kuenst ein hort
Schwech / vnd sterck / prieff wißlich
Ob du wilt vechten kuenstlich

|Hie saget der meinster vnd meldett den gruent des messers vechten vnd sprichtt Indeß vor vnd noch etc Daß soltu also verstan daß du vor allen dingen recht vernemen solt die zweÿ ding dz ist daß vor vnd noch vnd die schwech vnd sterck vnd daß wort indeß wan darueß kuemptt aller gruentt aller der künst deß messers vechtens vnd [47r.1] wen dü die ding recht vernÿempst vnd verstoest vnd zue vor an daß wortt Indes nit vergist In allen stuecken die du triben bist |So magstu wol eyen guetter meinster deß messers sin vnd magst fuersten vnd heren leren dz sie mit rechter kuenst woll besten In schÿmff vnd In ernst ~

[3r.2] Yndeß vor und nach dy wortt
Seyn aller kunst eyn hortt
Swech und sterck prueff weyslich
So dw wild vechten kunstenlich

Hye sagt der meyster und meldt [3v.1] den gruntt deß messer vechtenß und spricht ÿndes vor und nach etc Daß soltu alzo verstan daß dw vor allen dingen recht vernemen sollt dy czwen dyng daß ist daß vor und daß nach und dy swech und dy sterck und daß wortt yndeß wann dar auß kumbt aller grund aller der künst deß vechtenß und wenn dw dy ding recht vernymbst und verstest und zw vor an deß worcz yndeß nicht vergist yn allen stucken dy dw treyben pist So magst dw wol eyn gutter meyster deß messerß seyn und magst leren fursten und herren daß sy mit rechter kunst wol bestan yn schympff und yn ernest etc

[5]


Then, the “before” is that if you are coming with a stroke sooner than he so that he has to displace. So work “simultaneously” skillfully with the Messer in front of you or with other elements and do not let him come to any work afterwards. This way, you have acquired the “before.”


[3v.2] Item daß vor ist do dw ee kumbst mit dem haw den er daß er dir verseczen müß So erbayt yndeß behentlich fuer dich mit dem messer oder mit andern stucken und laß yn dar nach zw kayner erbait kummen [4r.1] alzo hastu ym an gebunnen daß vor


[139r.2] Das vor

Item das vor Ist so du Ehe kumpst Mit dem Duseggen oder mit dem haw dann er. das er dir versetzen muosz. so ar= [139v.1] bait Indes behenndigclich mit dem Duseggen fur dich oder sunnst mit anndern stuckhen vnnd lasz In darnach zu kainner arbait kummen also hastu Im abgenommen das vor.

[6]


And if he comes sooner than you with the work or with the stroke and you have to displace it, work “simultaneously” skillfully with the Messer or otherwise with the elements. This way, you take the “before” from him with your “after,” and this is called the “before” and “after.”



[7]


Then, you should also know before all other things the “weak” and the “strong” of the Messer. Be aware that from the hilt to the middle of the Messer there is the “strong” and from the middle down to the point there is the “weak.” And how you should fence therefrom, you find written afterwards, and also what the word “simultaneously” is.



[8]


Learn six strokes
first-hand against the defense
Put the left hand on the back or
on the chest if you want to twitch the defense

Here teaches the master how one should hold himself in the Messer fencing and how one should prepare to it. And firstly, you should fence with one hand with the Messer and you should have the other one on the back. If you want to fight with the empty hand, as in Messer-taking, grasping, clenching the arms etc., you should turn the hand from the back to the chest when you want to perform something on him on the inside over the arm.


[47r.5] Sechs heulb lere
Aus eyner hant wider die were

[47v.1] Die linck hant leg vff den rucken
Vff die prust wiltu verzucken

|Hie lert der meinster wie man sich schuecken sol in dem vechten deß messers vnd wie man sich darin schuecken sol vnd zuem ersten soltu mit eyner hant fechten mit dem messer vnd die ander vff dem ruecken halten |Ob du aber willt mit lerer hant vechten als mit messer nemen vber grieffen arm beschlueßen etc |So soltu die hant von dem rueck vff die bruest wenden waß du wiltt Inlbendig uber den arm triben etc


[4r.4] Sechs hew lere
Auß eyner handt wyder dy were
Dy linck handt leg auff die rucken

[4v.1] Auff dye prüst wiltu wer czucken

Hye lert der meyster wye man sych halten sol yn dem vechten deß messerß und wye man sich dar eyn sol[1] schicken und züm ersten söltu mit eyner hendt vechten mit dem messer und dy ander soltu auff dem rück haben ob dw aber wild mit lerer hand vechten alz mit messer nemen ubergreiffen arm beschlyssen etc So solt dw dy hand von dem rück auff dy prust wenden waß dw ym wild ynbendig vber den armen treyben etc


[1v.6] Sechs hew lere
Auß eyner handt wyder dy were

[2r.1] Dy linck handt leg auff den rucken
Auff dy prust wiltu were zucken

Hye lert der meyster wye man sich halten sol yn dem vechten des messer vnd wye man sich dar ein sol schicken vnd zum ersten So soltu mit eyner hendt vechten mit dem messer vnd dy ander soltu auff dem ruck haben ob dw aber wildt mit lerer handt vechten alz mit messer nemen vber greffyen arme beschlissenSo soltu dy handt von dem ruck auff dy prust wenden waß dw ym wildt ynbendig vber den arme treyben






[9]

Secondly, the six hidden strokes are described and mentioned in the text, from that many good elements come, if one can perform them right and know how to prepare them skillfully. And how you should perform them with three elements, you will be taught afterwards.

[10]


The Zornhau, Wecker
Entrüsthau, Zwinger,
Geferhau with Wincker

Here the master names the six hidden strokes, as each is called with its name, so that you can learn the elements in a better way. And he says that the first is called the Zornhau, the other the Wecker, the third the Entrüsthau, the fourth the Zwinger, the fifth the Geferhau and the sixth is called the Wincker. These are the six elements and are the main elements, as you will see afterwards.





[11]


The Bastei, displace
Draw after, overrun and set off
The change through, twitch
Run through, press the cutting off
Run off, take over
Go through, bow, take the defense
Hang, the windings against the openings
Strike the stroke from below, learn to discourage

Here the master lists the other main elements: these are seventeen. The first are the four guards-they are referred to as the text says: the Bastei.



[5r.2b] Dy pasteyn, versecz
Nachrayß, uberlauff, und absecz
Den wechsel, durchczuck
Lauff durch, dy abschnydt, druck

[5v.1] Ablauff, penymb
Durchgee, pogen, dy wer nymb
Heng, dy wind, gen plossen
Slag, dy straych ler verdrossen

Hye czelt der meyster dy andren hawbt stuck der seyn sybenczehen daß erst Das erst seyn dy vyer leger dy werden peruert so der text sprich dy pasteyn du


[2r.4] Dy pasteyn |versetz
Nachrayß |vberlauff |vnd absetz
Den wechsel |durch / zuck
Lauff durch |dy abschneydt |druck
Ablauff |benym
Durchge |pogen |dy wer nymb
Heng dy winden |gen plōssen

[2v.1] Schlag dy straych: ler verdrossen

Hye zelt der meyster dy anderen hawbtstuck Der seyn sibenzehen Das erst seyn dy vyer leger dy werden werürt So der text spricht dy pasteyen










[12]

Then, the other element is called displacing-it is referred to as the text says: displace.

[13]

Then, the third are the drawing after-it is referred to as it is said: drawing after.

[14]

Then, the fourth are overrunning-it is referred to as it is said: run over.

[15]

Then, the fifth are setting off-it is referred to as it is said: set off.

[16]

Then, the sixth are changing through-the master refers to it as he says: change through.

[17]

Then, the seventh is called twitching-it is referred to as he says: twitch.

[18]

Then, the eighth are running through-they are referred to as it is said: run through.

[19]

Then, the ninth are cutting off or the four cuts-it is referred to as it is said: cutting off.

[20]

Then, the tenth is called pressing the hands-it is referred to as he says: press.

[21]

Then, the eleventh are running off-it is referred to as he says: run off.

[22]

Then, the twelfth are taking over-it is referred to as he says: take over.

[23]

Then, the thirteenth are going through-it is referred to as he says: go through.

[24]

Then, the fourteenth is called the bow-it is referred to as he says bow.

[25]

Then, the fifteenth is called taking the Messer-it is referred to as it is said: take the defense.

[26]

Then, the sixteenth are the hangings-they are referred to as it is said: hang.

[27]

Then, the seventeenth are winding with the Messer-the master refers to it for us as he says: wind against the openings.

Thus, you have the main elements which are twenty-three. [The text] follows.

[28]


What is turned against you
The Zornhau point break it well
If you want to ashame him
Learn to take away on the Messer

As the master divided the Messer fencing into the different techniques and described each of them with a name. Now he begins to speak about the first part of the division, that is about the Zornhau. And one is to know that the Zornhau Ort breaks all the strokes from above but is still nothing else but a simple peasant stroke.





[29]

Then, do it this way: when he strikes from above from the right side to the head, strike from your right side[2] also from above angrily[3] above together to displace him. Then Let “simultaneously” your point shoot forwards towards his face or the chest and “simultaneously” turn your Messer against his, so that the long edge stands above and the short edge is below. If he becomes aware of the point, wind again the point on his left side towards the face, so that always the long edge is above. If he becomes aware of the point, pull up the Messer on the upper Messer’s blade against his Messer and strike to him at the other side to the head. This is called taking away on the Messer.

[48v.10] |Item den tribe also wan er von der rechten syten oben zue dem koppff schlecht |So haulb von diner rechten syten auch von oben mit Im zorniclichen glich an al versatzüng [49r.1] oben In Indeß loß den ortt fur In schuessen Im zue dem gesiecht oder brust vnd wend Indes din messer gegen dem sinen dz die lang schnide oben ste vnd die kurtz vntten wuertt er dz orttz gewar so wende wider vff sin lincken siten den ort zu dem gesicht dz euechling die lange schnid oben ste wurtt er dz ortz geware so rieß im messer vff an das messers clingen wider von sinen messer vnd haulb im von zu der andern siten zu dem kopff dz heist ab genomen Im messer etc

[7r.2] Item treyb den alzo wenn er von der rechten seytten oben zw dem kopff schlecht so haw von deyner rechten seytten auch von oben mit ym zörnycklich gleych an alle versaczung oben eyn yndes laß den ort gerichtes füer eyn schyssen zw dem gesichtt [7v.1] oder prust und wendt deyn messer gegen dem seynen daß dy lang sneydt oben stee und dy kurcz unten wirt er deß orcz gebar so wyndt wyder auff seyn lincke seytten den ort zw dem gesicht daß ewchling dy lang schneyd oben stee wirt er deß orcz gewar so reysß am messer uff oben an deß messerß klingen von seynem messer und haw ym zw der andren seytten an seyneß messerß klyngen wyder zw dem kopff daß heysset abgenumen etc

[30]

The Zornhau Ort is turned against you
strike the receipe: lower the long point and thrust at the chest.

Here the master teaches the break against the Zornhau Ort, and the text states: The Zornhau Ort, etc. You should understand it this way: if he delivers the Zornhau with the Ort against you, strike to his hand on the wrist inside of his same hand.

[31]

Then, if he delivers the Zornhau Ort to you and wants to thrust at your face, lower your Messer with straight arm and lower the point to his chest and push him well back and put the left leg well back.

[32]

Then, if he strikes from above his right side, strike also angrily together with him and turn the point to the face against the Messer, so that the right edge is above. If he becomes aware of the thrust, let your point “simultaneously” go down and go between you and him high with it and strike to his right side from above to the head with the long edge etc.



[33]

You should lower through the point
weaken the head with reaching it with the cross stroke

Here the master teaches an element: when you have done the Zornhau Ort, lower the point down between you and him in front of your body and strike to him with the cross stroke and with the long edge to his right ear.

[34]

If he wants to strike crosswise to the ears
Lower the point down to the chest if you want to dupe him.

Here the master teaches a break against the element described above and says: If he wants to strike crosswise, etc. You should understand it in this way: If he is stroking the cross stroke to your ears and is high with the arms, lower the hanging point into his chest and push him with the Messer from you.

[35] Then, you can also do it with the short edge and also strike or you can strike to the head with the Entrüsthau, as soon as you let the point sink, it all goes right, so that you can perform it rightfully.

[97r.27] Item auch magstu das mit der kůrtzen schneiden vnd auch also schlahen oder mit dem entrist mustu zu [97v.1] dem kopff hawen / als offt du ein ort last sincken das ghet alles recht zů / so du das recht treyben kanst /

[36] You can also do the doubling in it, which is also quite good in the work.



[37]

From the Zornhau, learn to deliver low to the right
Strike shortly or learn to cut through the mouth

Here the master teaches an element that you should deliver out of the Zornhau, and says: From the Zornhau learn, etc. You should understand it this way: if you have done the Zornhau on him, you should lower the point and you should go with the lowered Messer with the arm high between you and him, so that the hilt is standing above. Then, “simultaneously” bend your hand and strike with the short edge in his face or cut through his face with the short edge.

[38]

If he has bound with the short edge
Wind the point in the rightway so you will find him

Here the master teaches a breaking against the element described above, and he says: If he wants with the short edge, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to cut or strike at you with the short edge to your face, as it is described before, wind “simultaneously” the point against his Messer and thrust at his face on his right side.

[39]

Learn to directly take away
Strike a good deal long with the edge to the head

Here the master teaches the taking away with the long Messer and says: Directly to take away, etc. If you strike the Zornhau, wind your Messer against his one, so that the long edge is standing above itself. “Simultaneously” wind again to your right side against his left side, so that the long edge is below and the blunt one is above, and thrust straight at his face. “Simultaneously” strike skillfully along the Messer to his right side with the long edge to the head.

[40]

If he has taken away straight on the Messer
remember to step sideways
Remain, strike, cut or thrust
turn your flat on his one which breaks the takings away.

Here the master teaches the breakings against the takings away and says: On the Messer straight, etc. You should understand it this way: if he takes away on you with straight Messer, as it is stated above, “simultaneously” step aside to your right side well away out of his stroke and remain standing still, and strike to him with the long edge of your Messer on his head. Or turn your Messer against his one, so that the long edge is standing upwards, and thrust to his face or strike with the short edge to his face.

[41]

Then, if he takes you away on the Messer, turn your Messer with the back of your Messer a bit on his one and strike at him from above to the opening, so that you strike through his head, amen.




[42]

Then, or drive with the flat of your Messer on his Messer during the taking away and strike to his head with the long edge. And notice, as you fall with the flat on his Messer, that you hit it cleanly. “Simultaneously” go high with the long edge and strike to his head, as it is depicted below.

[43] Then, another breaking against the taking away:

“Simultaneously” as he takes away, step sideways away from the stroke and work to his next opening with the stroke.

[44] Then, another breaking: “simultaneously” as he takes away, thrust at his face.

[45]

If you want to break the taking away with the flat of the Messer
Wind in the rightway if you want to take revenge.

Here the master teaches a breaking against the breaking described above and says: If you want the flat, etc. You should understand it this way: if you have taken away on the Messer and he stands still with the Messer and lets you take away and if “simultaneously” he falls with the flat of his Messer on your one, and wants to strike you to the head, “simultaneously” wind against his Messer on his right side, so that you touch him at the head, as it is depicted below. Or, wait till he goes high and wants to strike to the head-then, go also high and wind over his Messer to his left side, so that the short edge is standing above, and thrust to the face to the same side. This is a very good breaking. The text follows.

[46]

If he wants to hurt you with taking away
Learn to set the point to the face in the right way.

Here the master teaches a breaking against the takings aside and says: If he wants with taking aside, etc. You should understand it this way: if he has taken away on the Messer with the long edge, wind your flat on his one, and remain standing there. Then, put the thumb on the flat of your Messer and thrust to his face of his right side.

[47]

If he sets the point to the face to the right
Lower the point, go straight to the chest-this is the keep

Here the master teaches a breaking against the breaking described above and says: If he sets to the face, etc. You should understand it this way: if you want to take away and he wants to break it with the point, as it is described above, lower your point with a straightened arm and put the left foot well back and thrust straight to his throat or chest.

[48]

Strike, thrust, notice
In the binding whether “soft” or “hard”
Pay attention to “before”, “after” and “simultaneously”
Consider rightfully the course of the “war”

Now, the master has said about the first element, that is about the Zornhau. Now he says a good teaching, that is, if one strikes or thrusts together with you, you should notice well, as one Messer sparks on the other, whether he is “soft” or “hard” in the binding. And as soon as you realise this, work “simultaneously” in the “war” according to the “soft” and to the “hard” to the next opening.


Strike, thrust, notice
In the binding whether “soft” or “hard”
Pay attention to “before”, “after” and “simultaneously”
Consider rightfully the course of the “war”

Now, the master has said about the first element, that is the Zornhau. Now he says a good teaching, that is, if one strikes or thrusts together with you, you should notice when one Messer touching the other, whether he is “soft” or “hard” in the binding. And as soon as you realise this, work “simultaneously” in the “war” according to the “soft” and to the “hard” to the next opening.


[49r.6] Haulb / stich / merck
Im band / weich / oder hert /

[49v.1] Vor / vnd nocht / indes / hab acht
Die leuff des kriegs recht betracht

|So nuen der meinster von dem ersten stueck hat gesaget als von dem zorn haulb |Nu saget er eyn gut lere dz ist wan eÿner mit dir zue haulbt oder sticht So soltu eben mercken wan eyn messer an daß ander glitz ob er Im bandt wiechtt oder hart ist vnd als bald du daß entpfindest |So arbeÿtt Indes mit dem krÿeg noch der weich vnd noch der hartt zu der nesten ploß /




[49] Know that if you can work properly with the “war” and you lead it well, he is hardly able to escape from you You can do your work on him, so that he is hardly able to come from you without having been beaten. And what is “before” and “after,” you have heard before, and what is the “war” you will be taught afterwards. The text follows.

And what is “before” and “after,” you have been taught before.

[8v.2]  Wyß wenn dw mit dem krig recht erbaytten kanst und den recht füerst so kann er dir hartt entgen dw macht dwu ym erbat machen daß er kawm von dir vngeschlagen kumen mag und waß daß vor und daß nach ist daß hastu vor gehort und [9r.1] waß aber der kryeg ist daß wirstu hyn nach unterricht etc Sequitur textus

[50]

The “war” dissolve
Above and below, wait for the openings

Here the master says what the war is and what one should perform therefrom towards the four peaks, that is to the four openings. Now, it is to be known that the war are the “windings” in the Messer and the work therefrom with the point to the four openings. This is called the “war”.


The “war” dissolve
Above and below, wait for the openings

Here the master teaches what the “war” is and what one should work therefrom towards the four peaks, that is to the four openings. Now, it is to be known that the “war” are the “winding” in the Messer and the work therefrom with the point to the four peaks. This is called the “war”.





[51] Now, you should perform the war this way: if you strike the Zornhau together with him, as soon as he displaces, go high with the arm and wind him the point on his Messer from above to the face to his left side. If he sets the thrust aside, go to the lower peak to his right side and set him the point on. If he follows your Messer with the displacement, seek another peak with the point, downwards to the left side. If he becomes aware of the point, seek the fourth peak with the point, to the face to his right side. And when you want to prepare for the war, you should cleverly understand to always go high with the arm in front of the head, and sink the point to the peaks.

Now, perform the war this way: if you strike the Zornhau on him, as soon as he then displaces, go high with the arm and wind him the point on his Messer from above to the face on his left side. If he displaces the thrust aside, go high to the other side to the other peak under his right arm on the chest. In case he follows the thrust, work to the next opening that you can find.

[49v.4] |Nu den krieg trib also wan du mit im zuhauelbest den zorn haulb als bald er den versetz |So far vff mit dem arm wind im den ortt an sin messer oben In zue dem gesichtt siner lincken siten Setz er den stich ab |So far in in die vnttern zÿnnen vff sin rechte siten vnd setz im den ortt an folget er dan dinen messer noch mit der versatzüng So stich mit dem ortt die [50r.1] die andern zÿnnen vntten vff die linck siten wurtt er deß ortz gelbar so stich die vierde zynnen mit dem ortt zu dem gesicht vff siner rechten siten vnd wend du dich in den krieg wil legen |So soltu dich weißlich versehen dz du alllbegen mit dem arm vff farest in die hoege fur daz haupt vnd senck den ortt vff die zinnen

[9r.3]  Nü den kryeg soltu alzo treyben wenn dw mit ym eyn hawest den czorenhaw alzo pald er denn verseczt So far auff mit dem armen wyndt ym den ortt an seyn messer oben eyn zw dem gesicht seyner lincken seytten Seczt er denn den stich ab so far yn dy unteren czynnen auff seyn rechte seytten und secz ym den ortt an volgt er denn deynem messer nach mit der versaczung so suech mit dem ortt dy andern [9v.1] czynnen unten auff der lincken seytten wirtt er deß orcz gewar so süech dy vyertten czynnen mit dem ortt zw dem gesicht auff seyner rechten seytten und wenn dw dich alzo yn den kryg wild legen so soltu dich weyslich versehen daß dw albegen mit dem armen auff farest yn dy hoch fuer daß hawbtt und senck den ortt auff dy czynnen

[142v.2] Item den krieg mach also. Wann du mit Im ein hawest. den zornhaw. als hab er den versetzt. so far auf mit dem arm. vnnd winnd Im den Ort an seinnem Duseggen oben ein zu dem gesicht seinner linncken seitten. setzt den stich ab. so far Inn die vnndern [143r.1] Zinnen seinner rechten seitten Vnnd setz Inn den Ort an. volgt er dann deinnem Duseggen nach mit der versatzunng so stich mit den Ort zu der anndern zinnen. vnnden auf die linnckh seitten. wirt er des orts gewar. so stich die vier zinnen mit dem Ort zum gesicht auf seinner rechten seitten. Vnnd wann du dich also Inn den krieg wildt Legen so soltu dich weyszlich fursehen. das du alwegen mit dem arm auf farest Inn die höche fur das haupt. vnnd sennckh den Ort fur die zinnen.

[52] I tell you that if you have practiced the war and its properties with prudence, your adversary will be weakened from above and from below. The text follows.

[53] There are four peaks
That you should acquire
The vigilant notices
Where they are with risk


Here the master says that you in the Zufechten, that is, while you come to the man, should not strike to his Messer, but you should diligently attack the four peaks.

There are four peaks
That you should acquire
The vigilant notices
Where they are with risk


Here the master teaches that you in the Zufechten, that is, while you come to the man, should not strike to his Messer, but you should remember the four peaks.

[9v.3] Vyer seyn der czynnen
Dy dw sölt gewynnen
Der wach nymb war
Wo sy sey mit gefar


Nw sagt der meyster daß dw ym [10r.1] zw vechten so dw zw dem man kumbst söltu mit nicht dem man nach dem messer hawen Sünder dw sölt dich fleysig remen der vyer czynnen

[54]

The first one is the right side, the other is the left side also above the belt of the man.


The first one is the right side above the belt, the other is the left side also above the belt.




[55]

The two other peaks are the left side and the right one below the belt of the man.


The two other are below the belt of the man.




[56] Take one of the openings and do not pay attention to what he does against you. Strike to it bravely; in case he displaces, strike quickly to the other peak, to the next opening that you can acquire. You should also wait for the body of the man and not for the Messer. The text follows.

Take the peaks with no fear and do not pay attention to what he does against you. Strike to it bravely; in case he displaces, strike quickly to the other peak, to the next opening that you can acquire.

[57] If you have grasped that
The peaks are acquired
If you want to take revenge
And break skillfully the four peaks
Double from above
And mutate from below

Here the master says that if one strikes to you honestly and you want to take revenge on him and break skillfully the peaks, so that you can beat him at his own game, be it pleasant or painful to him, perform the doubling against the “strong” of the Messer and the mutating against the “weak.” I tell you for the truth that he is hardly able to guard himself against the strokes and is hardly able to come to the strokes before your strokes.

If you have grasped that
The peaks are acquired
If you want to take revenge
And break skillfully the four peaks
Double from above
And mutate from below

Here the master says that if one strikes to you honestly and you want to take revenge on him and break skillfully the peaks, perform the doubling against the “strong” of the Messer and the mutating against the “weak.” I tell you for the truth that he is hardly able to defend himself against the strokes and is hardly able to come to the strokes.

[50r.7] Hastu daß vernümen
die zÿnnen sint gewünen
Wiltu dich rechen

[50v.1] die vier zinnen kuenstlich brechen
Oben duplier / Vnten gantz muettier


|Hie sagett der meinster von eyner ernstlichen Inhaulbüng als von den zynnen wie du dich regchen soltt vnd saget der meinster hie von dem dupliren ~

[10r.5] Hastü daß vernümmen
Dÿ czynnen seyn gebunnen

[10v.1] Wiltu dich rechen
Dy vyer czynnen Künstenlich prechen
Oben dwplir
Do nyder gancz mütir

Hye sagt der meyster ob dir eyner ernestlich eyn hawett wiltu dich denn rechen an ym und dy czynnen kunstenlich prechen daß dw yn uber seynen danck magst schlagen eß sey ym lyeb oder laydt so treyb dy dwpliren gegen der sterck deß messerß und daß mutiren gegen der swech Ich sag dir fuer war daß er dich hartt vor schlegen hutten kann und vor deynen schlegen hart zw schlegen kummen mag etc

[144r.3] Hastu das vernommen
die zinnen send gewünnen
Wiltu dich rechen
die zinnen künnstlich prechen

[144v.1] Oben duplier
da niden mutier

Item wann dir ainner Ernstlich einnhawt. wildu dich ann Im Rechen vnnd die zinnen kunstlich prechen das du In vber seinn dannckh magst schlachen. es sey Im lieb oder laid. so treib das dupliern gegen der sterckh des Dusegens. vnnd dz Mutieren gögen der schwech. Ich sag dir fur war. das er von deinnen schlegen hart vngeschlagen kummen kann

[58]

Then, if you strike to him from your left side and bind him on his Messer with the long edge, go quickly high with the arm and remain standing on the Messer and strike to him behind the blade of his Messer with the blunt edge.

[59]

Then, perform the doubling this way: if he strikes to you from above coming from his right shoulder, so strike from your right with strength the same way as he from above to the head. If he displaces the stroke with the strength, wind the hilt under your right arm and go quickly high with the arm and strike him with the long edge behind the blade of his Messer to the head.

[10v.2] Item daß dwpliren treyb also wenn er dir oben zw hawet von seyner rechten achsel so haw auch von deyner rechten mit ym geleich starck oben zw dem kopff versecz er denn [11r.1] den haw mit sterck so wendt daß gehultz unter deyn rechten armen und far pald auff mit dem armen und schlag yn mit der langen schneyden hynter seyneß messerß klingen auff den kopff

[60]


Then, it was said about the doubling. Now, it is said about the mutating that you should perform it this way: if you strike to him from your right shoulder strongly from above and he displaces and is “weak in the Messer,” wind to him on your left side on to his Messer and go with it well high with the arms. Then, hang the point to him from above over his Messer and go with the arm high over his Messer, and thrust at him to the other peak.



[11r.3] Item Nw gesagt ist von dem dwpliren und wye man daß treyben söl nw wirt gesagt von dem mutiren und daß mütiren treyb alzo wenn dw ym von deyner rechten achseln oben starck eyn hawest verseczt er und ist waych ym messer so wynd auff deyn lincke seytten an seynz messer und far wöl auff mit dem armen und heng ym den ortt oben uber seyn messer und far da mit [11v.1] dem armen auff uber seyn messer und stich ym zw der anderen czynnen etc



[144v.3] Das Mvnndiern

Item das Mvndiern treib also wann du von deinner rechten Achsel oben. ein starckh hawest. versetzt en vnnd ist waich Im Duseggen. so winnd auf dein Linncken seiten auf sein Dusegen. vnd

[61]

Then, have you bound from your left side with the long edge at his Messer: go high with the arm and remain with the same edge at his Messer and wind to his left side over his Messer and thrust at him to the other peak of his left side. This way you can perform the two elements from all the strokes after you have feeled whether he is “soft” or “hard” “on the Messer.”

[62]

If he wants to mutate
Twitch the point-this will decorate you

Here the master teaches a breaking against the mutating and and speaks: If he wants, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to do the mutating, at the moment when he wants to go over your Messer with his own one, wind with your Messer to your left side in the hanging point and thrust at him quickly to his face.

[63]

If he wants to do the mutating to the right
Wind in the hanging point and you should be guarded

Here the master teaches how one should break the mutating and speaks: If he wants, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to do the mutating to your right side, wind against him quickly the hanging point so that the right edge is above.

[64]

The hanging point to your left side
Wind: if you want to deflect the mutating

Here the master teaches how one should break the mutating on the left side and speaks: The hanging point, etc. You should understand it this way: if he does the mutating on your left side, wind against him the hanging point and thrust at him to the next opening.

[65]

If you have deflected the mutating in the hanging point
You may hurry straight to the face

Here the master teaches a breaking against the mutating and says: The mutating in, etc. You should understand it this way: if you have wound against the mutating and you are in the hanging point, go “simultaneously” to his face with the long point and thrust at him into the face.

[66]


Do the Wecker skillfully
Turn the point to the face
Who is doing Wecker well with steps
Stretches many strokes a lot

Here the master has explained and told about the first chapter with his characteristics. Now he commences to the other chapter and says: Do the Wecker skillfully, etc.


[50v.4] Weck vff behend
Den ortt zu gesicht wind
Wer mit schritten wol wecket
Vil haulb er sere strecket

Hie saget der meinster von eymen haupt stueck vnd von [51r.1] eynen haulb vnd ist genat der wecker haulb der ander


[11v.3] weck aüff behendt
Den ort zw gesicht wendt
Wer mit schritten wol becket
Vil hew er ser strecket

So nw der meyster daß erst stuck auß gelegt hat und erczelt mit seyner eygenschafft nw hebt er an [12r.1] daß ander stuck und spricht weck auff wehendt etc



[67]

Now notice that the Wecker is one of the four displacements against the four guards, as with it one obtains the Stier and the Eber, and the strokes from below.


[68]

Then, perform the Wecker this way: when you come to a man with the Zufechten and he stands against you and holds his Messer in front of the head in the guard of the Stier on his left side, put your left foot forwards and have your Messer on your right shoulder or in the Schrankhut at the right leg and leap with the right foot well to your right side and strike to him with the right edge well on his Messer. “Simultaneously” wind the point into his face.

[69]

The Wecker turns the point to the face
Overcoming the point is the end

Here the master teaches a breaking against the Zornhau Ort and speaks: The point to the face, etc. You should understand it this way: if he does the Wecker against you and wants to thrust to your face on your left side, “simultaneously” wind against his Messer on his right side and thrust to his face on his right side.

[70]

Learn to do the Wecker to the right
Shorten, you should angle it out

Here the master teaches an element from the Wecker and speaks: Learn to the right, etc. You should understand it this way: if you do the Wecker from your left side against him on his right side, “simultaneously” as you have done the Wecker, strike against him with the short edge to his head, as it is depicted below.

[71]

Do the Wecker with the point to the right
Hang it or stretch straight

Here the master teaches how you should use the point from the Wecker, and speaks: To the right with the point, etc. And you should understand it this way: if you have done the Wecker on his right side from your left side, “simultaneously” wind against his Messer in the hanging point, so that the long edge is above and thrust to the face on his right side.

[72]

Do the Wecker, let the point go to the face
Wind again to the left, you should not spare with the point

Here the master states a breaking against the element described above and speaks: Do the Wecker, to the face, etc. You should understand it this way: if he thrusts with the hanging point to your face, “simultaneously” let your Messer go down below his arm and go high with the long point and thrust to his face.

[73]


Then, know that the Schranckhut is good and one can perform many elements therefrom.





[74] You should also perform the Wecker therefrom on both sides and perform the Schranckhut this way: When you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point to your right side on the ground and the long edge be turned upwards on the Messer, and expose yourself with the left side. If he strikes to you from above to the opening, leap out of the stroke with your right foot well to the right side and wind the hilt of the Messer under your arm and strike to him with the long edge to his Messer and turn the blunt edge to his head.

You should also perform the Wecker therefrom on both sides and perform the Schranckhut this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your right foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point on the ground on your left side, so that the blunt edge is against the man. And expose yourself with the right side. If he strikes from above to your opening, leap out of the stroke with your left foot well to his right side and wind the hilt of your Messer under your arm and strike with the long edge on his Messer and turn the short edge on his head and work “simultaneously” as you know it well.

[12r.4]  Und den wecker soltu dar [12v.1] auß machen von payden seytten nw yn dy schranckhütt schick dich alzo Wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man kümbst so secz deyn lincken fues fuer und hallt deyn messer mit dem ortt auff deyner rechten seytten auff der erden daß dy lang schneyd oben gebendt sey am messer und gib dich alzo ploß mit der lincken seytten hawtt er dir den zw der plöß oben eyn so spring ausß dem haw mit dem rechten fueß wol auff dy recht seytten und wynd daß gehulcz deß messerß unter deyn armen und schlag ym mit der langen schneyden auff seyn messer und wendt ym dy stumpff schneyd auff seyn hawbt

[145v.3] vnnd den wecker soltu darausz treiben von baiden seitten Nunn Inn die schrannckhut schickh dich also wann du mit dem zufechten zu dem Mann kompst. so setz den linncken fuosz fur. vnnd halt dein Duseggen mit dem Ort auf deinner Rechten seiten auf der Erden. das die kurtz schneid oben stee an dem Duseggen. vnnd gib dich also plosz ander linncken seitten hawt er dann zu der plosz oben ein. so spring ausz dem haw mit dem rechten fuosz. wol auf dein Rechte seitten vnnd wennd das [146r.1] gehultz des Duseggen vnnder dein Arm vnnd schlag. In mit der kurtzen schneid auf seinn Duseggen bey der hannd. vnnd wind Im die stumpff schneide auf sein haupt vnnd arbait Indes als du wol bericht bist seinner nechsten plösse zu.

[75] Then, assume the Schranckhut on the left side this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your right foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point at your left side on the ground, so that the short edge is above on the Messer. And expose yourself with the right side. If he strikes to your opening, step with your left foot well out of the stroke to your left side and strike at him while stepping with the short edge over his Messer near the hand and turn the long edge to his head or thrust at his face as before.

Then, perform the Schranckhut on your right side in this way: when you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point to your right side so that the point is on the ground and the short edge is against the man, and expose yourself with the left side. Then, step with your right foot well out of the stroke to your right side and strike to him with the short edge on his Messer close to the hand. Then, turn the long or the short edge on his head or thrust to his face as before. You can also perform the Wecker to the Stier, as it is depicted below.

[51r.5] |Item Also schick dich in die schranckhutt zu der lincken siten wan du mit dem zu vechten zu dem man kümpst so setz din rechten fus für vnd halt dein messer mit dem ortt [51v.1] nahent diener lincken siten vff der erden dz die kürtz schnid im messer oben sy vnd gib dich mit der rechten siten ploß haut er dir dan zu der ploß |So schrit mit dinen lincken fuß wol vß dem haulb vff din lincke siten vnd schlag in mitten der kurtzen schniden uber sin messer by der hant vnd wind im die lang schnid vff sin hauptt oder stich im zu dem gesicht

[12v.2] Item alzo schick dich yn dy schranckhut zw der lincken seytten wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man kümbst so secz den rechten fuß fuer und hallt deyn messer mit dem ort neben deyner lincken seytten uff der erden daß dÿ kurcz schneyd [13r.1] an dem messer oben stee und gib dich mit der rechten seytten ploß hawt er dir den zw der plöß so schreyt mit dem lincken füß wol ausß dem haw auff deyn lincke seytten und schlag yn mit yn dem schrit mit der kurczen schneyd uber seyn messer pey der hand und wendt ym dy lang schneyd uff seyn hawbt oder stich ym zw dem gesicht alz vor etc

[76]

Do not do the Wecker to the left, strike short
Change through the right and strike

Here the master states an element against the guard from the Luginsland and against the Stier. And perform it in this way: when you come with the Zufechten to the man and he stands in these guards or stances announced above, and you stand in the Schranckhut, do as if you wanted to strike the Wecker to him to his left side, but do not deliver the stroke. Instead, “simultaneously” change through to the other next peak and thrust at his face to his right side, or as you change, strike the short edge over his Messer to his right side and let the point fall well over his Messer to his left side, and strike with the right edge through his head. Amen.

[13r.2] Weck linck nicht kürcz haw
Den wechsel recht paw

Hye sagt der meyster eyn prüch wyder dy hut auß dem luginsland und auß dem stiren den pruch treyb alzo wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem gest stet er den yn dysen ob gemelten hutten eyner und dw stest yn der schranckhuet so thw sam dw ym den wecker wollest hawen zw seyner lincken seytten und verpring den haw nicht sunder wechsel yndeß [13v.1] durch uff dy andern negsten czynnen und stich ym zw dem gesicht oder ym wechsel so schlag dy kurcz schneyd uber seyn messer auff seyner rechten seytten und senck den ort wol uber seyn messer uff seyner lincken seytten und haw ym dy recht schneyd durch seyn kopff amen Sequitur textus

[97v.21] Weck linck nit kurtz hew der wechsel recht pruch

Hie sagt der meister eynen bruch dy hůt In lůginßland vnd auß dem styren / den bruch treyb also wan du mit dem zuvechten zu dem man gheest stat er Im messer der obgnanten hůt oder leger eyner / vnd [98r.1] du steest in der schranck hůt / so thů gleych ob du welest In dem messer hawen zu seiner lincken seyten / vnd verspring den hew nit / sunder verwechsel In des durch auff dy nechsten anderen zynnen / vnd stich Im zu dem gesicht auff sein r. s. oder In den wechsel so schlach Im dy kurtz schneid vber sein messer auff der rechten seyten vnd senck den ort wol vber sein messer auff sein lincken seytten vnd haw Im dy recht schneyd durch sein kopff

[77]

If he has done the Wecker to the left with changing through
Remain straight, he will be stretched

Here the master teaches a breaking against the changing through in the Wecker and speaks: Changing through to the left, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to change through in the Wecker from his right side to your right and does as if he wanted to strike to your left side, “simultaneously” as he changes through and thrusts at your face to your right side, remain standing with the Messer and thrust at him with the long direct point in a stretched manner to the face. And put the rear foot far outside so that you are able to reach further.

[78]

Strike the Wecker to the left
Show the changing through with it

Here the master states a good element. If one stands in the guard of the Luginsland or in the Stier or so, and strikes to you from the Luginsland, rest in the Schranckhut on your left side and strike to him with the blunt edge to his Messer and “simultaneously” go high with the arm and change through and thrust at his face or chest to his left side.

[146v.2] Den weckher linck haw
dürchwechsel. damit. schaw

Item mer ain gut stuckh Inn der hut luginsland oder Inn dem Stier oder so er auf dich schlecht ausz dem luginslannd. so lig Inn der schrannckhut. auf der linncken seitten vnnd haw die stumpff schneid [147r.1] auf sein Duseggen. Indes far hoch auf Mit dem Arm. vnnd wechsel Im durch vnnd stich Im zum gesicht oder der prust auf sein lincke seitten.


[79]

Then, if you want to try him, let “simultaneously” your Messer with the point to his left side and strike to him again to his left side with the long or the blunt edge.


Then, if you want to try him, let ”simultaneously“ your Messer with the point to your left side and strike to him again to his right side with the sharp or the short edge.




[80]

If he strikes the Wecker from the left and wants to save the point
Let the point go down directly, thrust at the throat

Here the master teaches a breaking against the changing through from the Wecker, if he wants to do the Wecker from his left side to your right side, and speaks: If he strikes the Wecker from the left, etc. You should understand it this way: if he strikes the Wecker from his left side to your right side and “simultaneously” wants to change through to your left side, remain directly with your Messer to his left side and thrust at his with the direct point or Messer to the throat or the face, as it is depicted below.

[81] Do the Wecker to the flats
Of the masters, if you want to weaken them
As it clashes above
Stand away-this I want to praise

Here the master states a good element that you should perform this way: if you come to the man with the Zufechten, put your Messer on your right side in the Schranckhut or hold it on your right shoulder. If he strikes to you from above to the opening, strike also firmly against his stroke with the right edge. And as soon as the Messers spark together, wind “simultaneously” to the face with the point and thrust at him to the upper peaks. Or do the element that is also meant in the text: as soon as the Messers spark together, strike “simultaneously” with the short edge to the head to his left side. And “simultaneously” strike skillfully to the other opening to his right side. “Simultaneously” skillfully again to the other lower peak of his left side, “simultaneously” again to the upper peak of his right side, etc.

Do the Wecker to the flats
Of the masters, if you want to weaken them
As it clashes above
Stand away-this I want to praise

Here the master states a good element that you should understand this way: if you come to the man with the Zufechten, put your Messer in the Schranckhut or hold it on your right shoulder. If he strikes to you from above to the opening, strike also firmly against his stroke with the right edge. And as soon as the Messers spark together, wind “simultaneously” the point to the face and thrust at him to the upper peaks. Or do the element that is also meant in the text: as soon as the Messers spark together, strike “simultaneously” with the short edge to the head to his left side. And strike “simultaneously” again skillfully from one peak to the other, as you know it.

[52r.3] Weck die flech
den meinstern wiltu sie schwechen
So eß pucht oben
So stant ab dz wil ich loben

|Hie saget der meinster aber ein gut stueck dz soltu also verstan wan du mit dem zu vechten zu dem man kümpst oder halt daß vff diner rechten achsell haut er dir dan oben zu der ploß so haulb auch starck gegen sinem haulb mit der rechten siten schniden vnd als balde die messer zu samen glitzen |So wind [52v.1] Indes den ortt zu dem gesichtt vnd stich im inder obern zÿnnen oder mach s daß stueck dz auch die meÿnung deß text ist

[14r.2] Weck dy flechen
Den maystren wiltü sy swechen
So eß pücht oben
So stand ab daß will ich loben

Hye sagt der meyster aber eyn gut stuck daß soltu alzo treyben wenn dw mit dem zwvechten zw dem man kümbst so leg deyn messer uff deyn rechte seytten yn dy schranckhüett oder hallt daß auff deyner rechten achsel hawt er dir dann oben zw der plöß so haw starck gegen seynem haw mit der rechten schneyden und alz pald dy messer zwsammen kliczen [14v.1] So wynd yndeß zw dem gesicht den ort und stich ym zw der obreren czynnen, oder mach daß stuck daß ist auch dy maynung deß textz alz bald dy messer zw sammen kluczen so haw yndeß mit der kurczen schneyden zw dem kopff yndeß pehendtlich haw zw der andren czynnen auff seyn rechte seytten yndeß pehentlich wyder zw der anderen unteren czynnen seyner lincken seytten yndeß wyder zw der oberen czynnen seyner rechten seytten etc

[82]

He does the Wecker around so
Hanging point-he hits the chest

Here the master states a common breaking against the Wecker and speaks: He does the Wecker, etc. You should understand it this way: if one does a Wecker on you, notice, as one Messer is going to spark on the other, “simultaneously” wind your Messer against your left side and hang the point to his chest and push him well from you.

[83]

If he is going to expose himself with the Wecker
You should hook the head long

Here the master teaches another breaking against the Wecker and speaks: With the Wecker, etc. You should understand it this way: if he has done the Wecker on you, notice, as he has stroke against your Messer, “simultaneously” twitch your Messer towards you and let the point go down towards your left side and strike to him over his Messer directly to his head, as it is depicted below.

[84]

If he wants to use the Wecker
Twitch, go through to the right-you should dupe him

Here the master teaches a breaking against the Wecker and speaks: If he wants to use the Wecker, etc. You should understand it this way: if he does the Wecker on you as above, “simultaneously” go through to his right side over his Messer and thrust at him to the head or face, as it is depicted below.

[85]

If he has struck the Wecker
Strike the Entrüsthau, twitch, be fond of the point

Here the master teaches a breaking against the Wecker and speaks: If he has done the Wecker, etc. You should understand it this way: if he strikes the Wecker from his right side to your left side, “simultaneously” wind your Messer to your left side and go with the hanging point high and strike to him with the Entrüsthau to his head. Or, set him the point on, as you know it well.

[86] Do the Wecker to the flat roughly with commoners
Stand away: or remain above

Here the master states a good element against these who cannot fight or against the “peasant strokes.” And do it this way: if one strikes to you with a great peasant stroke, and wants to strike you honestly through the head with the Messer, hold your Messer in the Schranckhut or at the shoulder or at the knee, so that the point is against the face of the man. And as you stand then in a stance, you can use the element, and do it on him this way: if he strikes to you, strike also together with him between the Messer and the man with the long edge. And as soon as the Messers spark together, go around the head with the Messer, and strike him to the neck. If you do not want to hurt him hard, strike to his arm. If it occurs at a “Fechtschul” tournament, strike to his stomach to his left side, roughly and peasantly, so that he feels it well. The text follows.

Do the Wecker to the flat roughly with commoners
Stand away: or remain above

Here the master states a good element against these who cannot fight or against the “peasant strokes.” And do it this way: if one strikes to you with a great peasant stroke, and wants to strike you honestly through the head, hold your Messer in the Schranckhut or at the right shoulder or at the knee, so that the point of your Messer is against his face. And as you stand then in a stance, you can use the element, and do it on him this way: if he strikes to you, strike also together with him between the Messer and the man with the long edge. And as soon as the Messers spark together, go “simultaneously” to your left side around the head towards your right side with your Messer, and strike him to the neck. If you do not want to strike to his neck or head, strike to his left arm or to the stomach to his left side, roughly and peasantly, so that he feels it well.

[14v.2] Weck dy flech grob mit doben
Stand ab oder pleyb oben

Hye sagt der meyster eyn gut stuck wyder dye dy nicht vechten kunnen oder wyder dy paweren straych und macht daß alzo hawt eyner auff dich mit eynem grossen pawren schlag und wyll dich durch den kopff ernestlich hawen mit dem messer so haltt deyn messer aber yn der schranckhüt [15r.1] oder pey der achsel oder ob dem knÿ daß dy spicz gegen dem antlicz stee deß manß und wye dw den yn eynem stant stest so magstu daß stuck prauchen und thw ym alzo hawt er auff dich so haw gleych mit ym eyn czwischen messer und man mit der langen schneydern und alz pald dy messer zw sammen kliczen so far umb den kopff mit dem messer und haw ym zw dem halz wiltü yn nicht hart wünden so schlag yn auff den armen ist aber daß auff eyner vechtschullz so schlag yn yn den pawch auff seyner lincken seytten grob und pewrisch daß erß wol enpfindt etc Sequitur textus

[87]

Learn to set off with the bow
And harm what is rough

Here the master teaches a breaking against the element announced above and speaks: With the bow, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to strike around his head and wants to strike to your neck, bend under his Messer and displace with the bow if you want.[13] “Simultaneously” wind over his Messer to his right side and “simultaneously” step behind him and strike to his head.

[88]

If he wants to do the Wecker and look roughly
Thrust firmly to the throat-this dupes him

Here the master teaches a breaking against the element announced above and speaks: If he wants to roughly, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to strike a rough stroke to your stomach or to your head, notice, as soon as he wants to go around his head and wants to strike to you, go “simultaneously” skillfully to his neck or face. And thrust at him and push him with it from you, as it is depicted below.

[89]

Do the Wecker politely with squinting
To the right from the left

Here the master teaches a nice element from the Wecker and speaks: Do the Wecker politely, etc. You should understand it this way: do the Wecker from your right side to his left side and “simultaneously,” as soon as one Messer sparks on the other, turn your hand always against his Messer, so that the short edge touches him slightly on his left side. “Simultaneously” let your point go down towards the ground and go between yourself and him high to your left side and strike to him to his right side, with the short or the long edge to the head. Or, thrust, cut or do what you want.

[90] Notice the weak
Take the neck without danger

Then, the master states an element against the “weak” in the displacement and perform it this way: if you have “bound” him firmly with the Wecker on his Messer, and he is “weak in the binding”, wind “simultaneously” your Messer to his right side and take him by his neck. And come to help your right hand with the left one on the “binding,” and as you have pressed him a bit down, let the left hand go from the Messer, and hold him firmly with the right one. If he raises his Messer with the “strong,” strike to him again quickly below his Messer to his head or neck.

Notice the weak
Take the neck without danger

Then, the master states an element against the “weak“ in the displacement and perform it this way: if you have bound him firmly with the Wecker on his Messer, and he is “weak in the binding,” wind “simultaneously” your Messer to his right side and take him by his neck. If he raises his Messer with the “strong,” strike to him again quickly below his Messer to his head to his right side.

[15r.2] Der swech nymb war
Den halz nym ungefar

Hye sagt der meyster eyn stuck wyder dye swach yn der versaczung sÿn und treyb daß alzo so dw ym mit dem [15v.1] wecker starck auff seyn messer pyndest ist der den swach ym pant so wyndt yndeß auff seyn rechte seytten deyn messer und nymb yn pey dem halz und kum der rechten zw hilfft mit der lincken an daß pandt und so dw yn eyn wenick nyder gedruckt hast so laß dy lincken hant wyder von dem messer und hallt yn mit der rechten vest hebt er den mit der sterck auff seyn messer so haw ym wÿder snel unter seyn messer zw seynem hawbt oder halz

[91] If he is so “strong” and you want to wind to the neck, work quickly with the “weak” to the other next peak.

If he is so “strong” that you cannot perform this element, work quickly with the “weak” to the next peak of the other side.

[92] Then, you should know that you cannot have one for long with the Messer on his neck with one hand. That is why notice that as soon as you work towards his throat, thrust at him to his face or do as it is stated above.

Then, you should know that you cannot hold one for long with the Messer on his neck with one hand. That is why notice that as soon as you work towards his throat, thrust at him to his face.

[93]

As when you go to the throat, the meaning is not that you should hold him there for long, but that you also deceive them and “simultaneously” do what you want. [The text] follows.

[15v.4]  wann so dw zw dem halz ferst ist dy maynung nichtt daß dw yn da lang halten sölt sünder [16r.1] daß dw yn auch verfuerest und yndeß machest waß dw wild etc Sequitur

[94]

The Entrüsthau takes
What comes from above

Here the master commences to speak about the third element in the Messer and explains it with its features and speaks: the indignation etc. Now notice that the Entrüsthau breaks the guard from the Luginsland and all the strokes that are struck from above downwards. And perform it this way:


The Entrüsthau takes
What comes from above

Here the master commences to speak about the third element and paragraph in the Messer and explains it with its features. Now notice that the Entrüsthau breaks the guard from the Luginsland and all the strokes that are struck from above downwards. And perform it this way:


[52v.4] der entrüest nÿmpt
[53r.1] Waß von oben dar kümp

|Hie saget der meinster von dem entrusch haulb |Nü merck den entruest haulb






[95] If you come to him with the Zufechten and he stands against you and holds his Messer with the stretched arm above the head in the guard and waits for you, notice, as you come close to him, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer to the ground, so that the flat is against your torso on your right side. If he steps to you and endangers you with a stroke, you should go “before” and leap with the foot well to your right side. And while leaping turn your Messer with the hilt in front of your head, so that the thumb is downwards. And strike to him with the blunt edge to his left side to the upper peak. However, if he comes sooner with the stroke than you, leap with the right foot and with the displacement described above out of the stroke well to your right side and strike to him with the Entrüsthau long from the arm to his head.

if you come to him with the Zufechten and he goes against you and holds his Messer with the stretched arm over the head in the guard Luginsland, and waits for you, notice, as you come close to him, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer to the ground, so that the flat is against your torso on your right side. If he steps to you and endangers you with a stroke, you should go “before” and leap with the foot well to your right side. And while leaping turn your Messer with the hilt in front of your head, so that the thumb is downwards. And strike to him with the blunt edge to his left side to the upper peak. However, if he comes sooner with the stroke than you, leap with the right foot and with the displacement described above out of the stroke well to your right side and strike to him with the Entrüsthau long from the arm to his head.

[16r.3] wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man gest stet er denn gegen dir und helt seyn messer mit auff geracktem armen uber daß hawbt yn der hüt und wart auff dich so merck wenn dw nohent zw ym kümbst so secz deynen lincken fuß fuer und hallt deynn messer auff der erden daß dy flech gen dem leyb stee an deyner rechten seytten drit er den zw dir und tzawet dir [16v.1] zw schlagen so soltu vor kummen und spring mit dem fuß woll auf deyn rechtne seytten und ym sprung wendt deyn messer mit dem gehulcz fuer deyn hawbt daß der dawm unten stee und schlag ym zw mit der stumpffen schneyden zw seyner lincken seytten zw der oberen czynnen kumbtt er aber ee mit dem haw den dw so spring mit dem rechten fuß und mit der vorgeschriben versaczung auß dem haw wol auff deyn rechte seytten und schlag yn mit dem entrusthaw lanck auß dem armen zw seyner haubt

[96]

Do the Entrüsthau to the strong
Notice your work with it

It is to be known that when you strike to him with the Entrüsthau, you should do it with the “strong” of your Messer. If he displaces, go high with the “strong” of your Messer to the “weak” of his Messer. If you grasp with the “strong” his “weak,” you should mutate to him over his Messer to the other peak from above to the neck. In case you cannot come to this, work from the doubling behind the blade of his Messer and strike to his head. If he is too strong in the displacement, so that you cannot come to these elements, work with the crosspiece or with the “guarding nail” and push his Messer with it aside, and strike with the Entrüsthau to the other peak.

[16v.2] Ruest zw der sterck
Deyn erbat da mit merck

Eß ist zw wyssen wenn dw ym mit dem entrusthaw zwhawest daß soltu thun mit sterck deyneß messers versecz er den so far uff mit der sterck deyneß messerß nach der swech seyneß messers So dw pegreuffest [17r.1] mit der sterck seyn swech so soltu mutiren ym uber seyn messer zw der andren czynnen oben czben zw dem halz so dw aber nicht dar zw magst kummen so erbat auß dem dwpliren hynter seyneß messers klyngen und schlag ym zw dem kopff Ist er aber mit der versaczung zw starck daß dw zw den stucken nicht kummen magst so erbayt mit dem krawcz oder wernagil stoß seyn messer da mit hyn weck und schlag yn mit dem entrusthaw zw der anderen czynnen etc

[97]

Do the Entrüsthau to the peaks
If you come in, you will succeed

Here you are taught that you should always remember the four peaks, so that you can have the man the surer and you can strike to him bravely. And do not strike to the Messer, as you were taught before. If one comes to you in the Zufechten and stands against you in the guard of the Luginsland, leap with the right foot against him well to your right side and strike to him with Entrüsthau to the upper peak. If he displaces, strike quickly to the lower peak of his right side-that is, strike the stroke from one peak to the other and if you want to be successful, you should strike with every Entrüsthau to another peak. If he displaces, strike quickly to the upper peak of his right side-that is, strike the stroke from one side to the other and if you want to be successful, you should leap far with every Entrüsthau to the side, and move well around with your arm. This way, you have the man the surer and you can give a good stroke to his head. “Simultaneously” you should pay attention that you hold your shield, that is, the displacement, well in front of your head.

[17r.2] Rust zw den czynnen
Kumbst dar eyn dir wirtt gelyngen

Hye wirst gelertt daß dw dich fleyssig solt remen der vyer czynnen so magstu den man dester gewyser haben und den künstenlichen zw hawen und nicht haw zw dem messer alz dw den vor unterricht pist wenn [17v] eyner mit dem zw vechten zw dir kumbt stet er denn gegen dir ynn der hüt luginslandt So spring mit dem rechten fuß gegen ym woll auff deyn rechte seytten und schlag yn mit dem entrust haw zw der öberen czynnen versecz er den so schlag aber pald zw der unteren czynnen seyner rechten seytten alzo haw den haw von eyner czynnen zw der anderen und wildw daß dir geling so soltu mit yetlichen entrust haw zw den oberen czynnen schlagen versecz er den so schlag aber pald zw der oberen czynnen seyner rechten seytten alzo haw den haw von eyner czynnen zw der anderen und wildw daß dir geling so soltu mit ytlichem entrusthaw weyt auß springen auff eyn seytten und mit dem armen gib dich wol hyn umb so hastu den man dester gewyser und magst ym an seyn haubt eyn gute ruer geben yndeß soltu dich pebaren daß dw deyn schilltt daß ist dy versaczung soltu woll fuer deyn hawbt etc Sequitur textus

[98]

The feint deceives
It strikes the peaks as it wishes

Here the master teaches how one should feint with the Entrüsthau, as with the feints the masters who want to displace only and who strike to one’s Messer are duped a lot.

[53v.2] Feler verfueret
die zinnen noch wünsch er rürett

|Hie saget der meinster wie man mit dem entrusch haulb fellent sol wan mit dem feller werdent die meinster sere gepluet die do nuer versetzen willentt [54r.1] vnd haulben noch dem messer des mans vnd nichtt zu den zÿnnen des mans

[99]


Now, perform the feint this way: do as if you wanted to strike with the Entrüsthau to the upper peaks of his left side, and while striking, as you are close to the Messer, stike to him to the other peak of his right side to the head.





[100]

If you feint in a double manner
Cut the cuts with force

Then, you should understand it this way: hold your Messer on your right side, so that the point is on the ground and the thumb is below on the flat of the Messer. And when he is high in the Luginsland and you have noticed that he let himself be deceived easily and follows eagerly with the displacement, go high in front of your body with the Messer and let the point hang towards the ground and go with the Messer above your left shoulder till over the middle of your head, so that the point goes out over the back and the hilt is against the man. And do as if you wanted to strike to his left side and “simultaneously” strike to his right ear with the Entrüsthau.

[18r.3] Ob dw felest czwiüach
Dy schnydt schneyd mit mach

Item daß soltu alzo verstan haltt deyn messer auff deyner rechten seytten [18v.1] daß der ortt auff der erden sey undt der dawm unter auff der flech deß messers und so er den hoch ligt ym luginsland und dw hast gemerckt daß er sich leychtiklich verfuren lest und gerne der versaczung nach get so far auff fuer deyn leyb mit dem messer laß den ort hangen gegen der erden und far mit dem messer uber deyn lincke achsel und uber dy mit deynes hawbcz daß der ortt uber ruck hyn auß gee und das gehulcz gegen dem man stee und thw sam dw yn wöllest schlagen zw seyner lincken seytten yndeß schlag yn zw dem rechten oren mit dem entrusthaw

[98r.15] Ob du felest zwifach / dy schneyd mit mach /

das saltu also verschtan / halt dein messer auff dein r. s / das der ort auff der erden sey vnd der dawm vnten [98v.1] an der flech des messers / vnd so er do nach leyt Im lüginsland vnd du hast gemerckt das er sich leychtlich  verfuren lost vnd gegen der versetzung laufft / so far auff für dein leyb mit dem messer vnd loß den ort hengen gegen der erden vnd far mit dem messer vber dein l. a. vntz voer dy mitte deines haupt das der ort vber růck hinaus ghee vnd das gehültz gegen dem man stee vnd thu sim [!] du wellest zu schlahen zu s. l. s In des schlach In zu dem rechten ore mit dem entristhaw

[150v.2] Ob du felest zwifach
den schnit damit mach

Item das soltu Also versteen. hallt dem Duseggen auf deinner rechten seitten. das der Ort auf der Erden stee. vnnd der dawm vnnden stannd an der flech. des duseggens vnnd so er dann hoch leit Im luginslannd vnnd hast gemerckt das er sich leychtlich verfieren last. vnnd geren der versatzunng nach geet. so far auf mit dem leyb vnnd lasz den Ort hanngen. gegen der Erden. vnnd far mit dem Duseggen vber [151r.1] sein rechte achsel. vnnden vber die Mitte deinnes hals das der Ort vberzuckh hinnausz gee. vnnd das gehultz gegen dem Mann stee. vnnd thu samm du Im wollest schlagen seinner linncken seitten zu. Indes schlag zum rechten arm. mit dem Entrusthaw.

[101]


Then, if you want to do the feint to the right, do this way: stand with the left foot forwards as above. While you lead your Messer in front of your body, step with the right foot to your left one and menace him as if you wanted to strike to his left side. Then, nod with the upper part of your body towards his left side for a moment and “simultaneously” step with your left foot towards his right side and strike with the Entrüsthau to his right ear. “Simultaneously” go high with the Messer and do as if you wanted to strike to his left side and nod a bit with the body to his left side. “Simultaneously” step with your right foot behind his right one and strike again to his right side with the doubling and strike the short edge behind the blade of his Messer to his face. “Simultaneously” step again around him and go high with the Messer as above, and step with the left foot well behind his right one and strike to his neck. “Simultaneously” go high and step behind him and strike to his stomach-this is called the hitter. “Simultaneously” even step around him well and strike again to his neck.


[18v.2] Item wiltu den feler recht machen so thu ym alzo stee mit dem lincken fuß fuer alz vor so dw nw daß messer fuer deynen leyb ferwest so schreytt mit dem rechten fuß zw deynem lincken und traw ym alz dw wollest zw seyner lincken seytten schlagen und wenck mit dem obren tayl deyneß leybs [19r] gegen seyner lincken seytten dy weyl yndeß schreyt mit dem lincken fuß auff seyn rechte seytten und schlag yn mit dem entrusthaw zw dem rechten oren yndeß far auff mit dem messer und thu aber sam dw wöllest schlagen auff seyn lincke seytten und wenck eyn wenick mit dem leyb uff seyn lincke seytten yndeß schreyt aber mit dem rechten fusß hynter seynen rechten und schlag yn wyder zw der rechten seytten eyn mit dem dupliren und schlag ym dy kurcz schneyd hynter seyneß messerß klingen yn daß an gesichtt yn deß schreytt nach paß umb yn und far aber auff mit dem messer alz vor und schreytt mit dem lincken füß wol hynter seynen rechten und schlag yn ynn seyn genick yndeß far aber auff und schreyt aber hyn hynter und schlag yn ynn den pauch daß hayst der treffer yndeß umbschreyt yn gar und haw ym [19v.1] wyder zw dem nack etc



[151r.2] Mer von dem Feler

Item wiltu den Feler machen. so thuo also. stannd mit dem linncken fuosz fur. alsz vor. so du Nun den Duseggen vor deinnem leyb fierst. so schreit mit dem rechten fuosz zu seinem linncken vnnd treib In also als wollestu zu seinner Rechten seitten schlagen. vnnd wennck mit dem obern thail deinnes leybs zu seinner linncken seitten. Indes schreit mit deinnem linncken fuosz auf sein rechten vnnd schlag In mit dem Entristhaw zu dem rechten arm. Indes far auf mit deinnem Duseggen vnnd thu aber als wollestu schlagen auf sein linncken seitten vnnd wennck ain wenig mit dem leyb auff sein linncken seitten. vnnd Indes schreit aber mit deinnem Rechten fuosz hinder seinnen rechten. vnnd schlag Im wider zu seiner rechten seitten mit dem Dupliern vnd schlag Im die kurtz schneidin hinder seinnes Duseggen klingen In das angsicht. Indes schreit nach vas vmb In. vnnd far auf mit dem Duseggen. als vor. schreit mit dem linncken [151v.1] fuosz wol hinnder seinnen rechten Vnnd schlag In Inn sein geinckh Indes far auf schreit aber hin hinndert vnnd schlag In Inn den pauch vnd das haist der treffer Indes vmb schreit In gar vnnd haw Im wider zu dem nackh.

[102]

Then, if you do not want to perform this element announced above, cut him with the doubling through his face. Or, if he wants to go “simultaneously” from the binding, cut him firmly to the next opening.

[103]

If he wants to do the Entrüsthau and measure to the peaks
You should not forget the Sprechfenster

Here the master teaches a breaking against the feints and Entrüsthaue and speaks: If he wants to, etc. You should understand it this way: if he wants to do feintswith the Entrüsthau, you should break it with the Sprechfenster, that is with the long point, and seek the openings with it in a masterly way, as you know it well.

[104] The Zwinger breaks,
As a buffalo strikes or thrusts,
Who wants to draw the changing,
The Zwinger wants to rob him

Here the master says about the fourth element and chapter that is called the Zwinger. Perform it this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer on the ground with the point, so that the thumb is below on the Messer. If he strikes from above to the head, turn your Messer and strike against his stroke with the blunt edge long from the stretched arm from above over his Messer to his face. If he defends against it cleverly, and falls with this, and changes through below, remain with the long point long in front of his face, so that he is able to do nothing and cannot come through below.

The Zwinger breaks
What a buffalo strikes or thrusts
Who trusts in changing
The Zwinger wants to rob him

Here the master says about the fourth element and chapter that is called the Zwinger. Perform it this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer on the ground with the point, so that the thumb is below on the Messer. If he strikes from above to the head, turn your Messer and strike against his stroke with the blunt edge long from the stretched arm from above over his Messer to his face. If he defends against it cleverly, and falls with this, and changes through below, remain with the long point long in front of his face, so that he is able to do nothing and cannot come through below.

[19v.3] dEr czwynger eyn pricht
So der puffel schlecht und sticht
Wer wechsel will trawen
Der czwynger will yn perawben

Hye sagt der meyster von dem vyerden stuck daß do heysset der czwynger den treyb alzo wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man kumbst so secz deynen lincken fuß fuer und halt deyn messer uff der erden mit dem ort daß der dawm unter sey uff dem messer hawt er dan von oben [20r.1] zw dem hawbt so verbendt deyn messer und haw gegen seynem haw eyn mit stumpffer schneyden lanck auß gestracktem armen oben uber seyn messer ym zw dem gesicht Wer er aber alz listig und felet mit dem haw und wechslet unten durch so pleyb mit dem langen ort lanck auß gestrackten armen vor seym gesicht so mag er nicht schaffen noch schaden und kann dir unten nicht wol durch kumen etc

[105]

Then, you can break this with the Zwinger when one wants to thrust at you from the Eber. And this goes from both sides, and if you want otherwise, from above.


[54v.2] ein anders

|Item du magst mit dem zwinger dz brechen [55r.1] |So dir eÿner will zu stechen vß dem eber vnd dz gatt von beÿden syten zue wiltu dich dan sünst vben ~




[106]


The Geferhau with its point
Waits for the face and the chest

Here the master speaks about the Geferhau, the fifth element and chapter. You should do it this way: if one stands in the guard of the Bastei, and as you come with the Zufechten to him, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the stretched arm high above your head in the guard of the Luginsland. Then, leap to him with the right foot and strike with the long edge from above, and remain with your arm high and move your point downwards to his face or chest.



[20r.3] dEr gefer mit seyner artt
Deß antlicz und der kunst prust wartt

Hye sagt der meyster von dem funften [20v.1] stueck alz von dem geferhaw den soltu alzo machen ligt eyner inder hut der pasteyn und so dw mit dem zwvechten zw ym kumbst so secz deynen lincken fues fuer und halt deyn messer mit auff gerackten armen hoch uber deyn hawbt yn der hut luginsland und spring zw ym mit dem rechten fuß und haw mit der langen schneyden oben eyn und pleyb mit dem armen hoch und senck ym der ort untersich zw seynem gesicht oder prust etc



[107]

Strike the Geferhau
Simultaneously show the changing through

Then, you should deliver the element this way: if he stands against you in the Luginsland, as you come to him, strike against his Messer. If he goes high and wants to set the stroke aside, “simultaneously” let your point go down forwards and change through and thrust to his right side at the face with the stretched arm, and “simultaneously” do what you prefer.

[20v.2] Gefer haw
Durchwechsel yndeß schaw

Item daß stuck soltu alzo treyben ligt er gen dir ym luginslandt so dw zw ym kumbst so haw gegen seynem messer ist er hoch und wil dir den haw abseczen yndeß laß deyn ort foren nyder sincken und wechsel durch und stich ym auff seyn rechte seytten [21r.1] zw dem gesicht mit gestracktem armen yndeß mach waß dir eben ist etc

[108]


You should shoot the Wincker
And provoke the masters with it
Learn to do the Wincker in a double manner
To the right from the left

Here the master speaks about the sixth element that is called the Wincker and is one of the main elements in the Messer and strikes well the “free fighters” who displace freely, and is a new stroke and element in the Messer, and is peculiar and good.


[55v.2] Den wincker soltu erstrecken
Vnd die meinster do mit wecken
Zwifach ler wincken
Zu der rechten von der lincken

|Hie sagett der meinster von dem sechsten stueck dz do heissett der wincker vnd ist der haubt stueck eyns im messer vnd gehoerett woll vff die frÿen vechtern die da frÿ versetzen vnd ist eyn nulber haulb vnd stueck im messer [56r.1] |Vnd ist seltzam Vnd guet


[21r.2] dEn Wyncker soltu erstrecken
Und dy meyster da mit erbecken
Czwiüach ler wyncken
Zw der rechten von der lincken

Hye sagt der meyster von dem sechsten stuck daß da heysset der wyncker und ist der hawbtstuck eyneß ym messer und geret woll auff dy freyvechter dy frey verseczen und ist eyn newer haw und stuck ym messer und ist setlzam und gut



[152r.3] Der winnckerhaw Mit seinnen stuckhen

Den winncker solltu erstrecken
die Maister damit weckhen

[152v.1] Zwifach Leere winncken
zur rechten vnd zur lincken

[109]

If you want to do the element, do to him this way: stand with your left foot forwards and hold your Messer on your right shoulder. If he stands in the Luginsland, strike from your right shoulder with the stretched arm long to him with the long edge. And as you strike wind against his Messer and strike to his head with the short edge. “Simultaneously” let your Messer go down towards your body and go through “simultaneously” to your left side with the lowered point and strike to his head towards his left side with the short edge.

[21r.3]  wiltu daß stuck machen so thw ym alzo stee mit deynem lincken fuß fuer und halt deyn messer auff deyner rechten achseln stet er denn ym luginslandt so haw von deyner rechten [21v.1] achseln mit gestracktem armen zw ym lanck eyn mit der kurczen schneyden und ym haw so wyndt gegen seynem messer und schlag yn auff daß hawbt mit der kurczen schneyden yndeß laß deyn messer sincken fuer deyn leyb und ge durch yndeß auff se deyn lincke seytten mit gesencktem ortt und schlag yn auff den kopff auff seyner rechten seytten mit der kurczen schneyden etc

[110]


Then, put your Messer on your left side, so that the point remains on the ground and the thumb is above on the Messer, or stand in the Schranckhut, so that the right foot is forwards. If he stands in the guard of the Luginsland, strike always to his right side with the short edge. “Simultaneously” go through with the Messer and lower the point and go with the Messer to his left side. This way, you have the element in a double manner from both sides.

[56r.3] Ein ander stueck

|Item leg dyn messer vff dyn lincken syten dz der ortt vff der erden ste vnd der thum oben vff dem messeg [!] lig oder ste in der schranckhutt dz der rechtt fuß vor ste lyett er dan in der hut lueginßlant |So haulb eÿchling In zue siner rechten syten die kuertz schnid Indes gee dürch mit dyem messer vnd senck den ortt vnd far mit dem messer vff syn lincken siten also [56v.1] hastu dz stueck zwyffach von beyten seÿten


[21v.2] Item leg deyn messer uff deyn lincke seytten daß der ortt uff der erden stee und der dawm oben auff dem messer lige oder stee yn der schranckhutt daß der recht füß vor stee ligt er den ynder hut luginsland so haw ewchling eyn zw seyner rechten seytten dy kurcz schneyd yndeß gee durch mit dem messer und senck den ortt und far mit dem messer uff seyn lincke seytten alzo hastu daß stuck czwiuach von [22r.1] paeden seytten etc




[152v.3] Item leg dein Duseggen auf dein linncke seiten das der ort auf der Erden stee. vnnd der dawm oben auf der wehr/ [153r.1] Lig oder stee Inn der schrannckhut das der Recht fuosz vor stee. leit er dann Inn der hut luginslannd. so haw Im ein zu seiner rechten seitten. die kurtz. schneidin. Indes gee durch mit deinnem duseggen. vnnd senckh den Ort vnnd far mit dem Duseggen auf sein lincken seitten. also hastu das stuckh zwifach von baiden seitten.

[111]

Then, if you do not want to go through, so that it is the last thing for you to go through from his right side, remain standing with the Messer and wind towards your left side, so that the short edge is below, and thrust at him at the face.

[22r.2] Item wiltu aber nicht durchgen daß eß dich zw lecz dunckt durch zw gen von der rechten seytten so pleyb alzo ligen mit dem messer und wynd gegen deyner lincken seytten daß dy kurcz schneyd unten stee und stich ym zw dem gesicht etc

[112]

Wind to the left in hitting
Strike long to the right, if you want to dupe him

You should understand it this way: if he stands against you in the Luginsland, strike from your right shoulder directly from above an upper stroke to him with the long or stretched arm to his left side. Now notice, in the stroke, as the stroke goes to the head, “simultaneously” wind towards his Messer, so that the short edge is below, and do not complete the stroke. Instead, in the stroke, let your point go down and go down through with your Messer to your left side and strike to him with the short edge to the head. “Simultaneously” wind your Messer towards you and strike to him to the same side to the head with the long edge, and “simultaneously” do what you prefer. This element can also be done on both sides.

[56v.3] Winck linck ym treffen
Haulb recht lang wiltu in effen

|Daß soltu also verstan Stott er gegen dir in lügenßlant So haulb von dÿner rechten achßell gerad oben In zu Im In eynem ober haulb mit langem ortt gestracktem arm zu syner lincken syten |Nu merck Im haulb dÿweill der haulb nach dem kopf get Indeß wind gegen synenm messer dz die kuertz schnid vnten stee vnd verend den schlag nicht sünder In dem schlag loß den ortt sincken vnd ge vnten duerch mit dem messer vff din lincken syten [57r.1] vnd schlag In mit der kurtzen schniden vff den kopff Indes wind din messer gegen dir vnd schlag in vff die selbigen syten vff den kopff mit der langen schniden Indes mach wz dir eben ist dz stueck gat auch zue beÿden seyten ~

[22r.3] Winck linck ym treffen
Haw recht lanck wiltu yn effen

Daß soltu alzo verstan stet er gegen dir ym luginsland so haw von deyner rechten achsel gerad oben eyn zw ym Ee eyn oberhaw mit langen gestracktem armen zw seyner lincken seytten Nw merck ym haw dy weyl der haw nach dem kopff gett yndeß wynd gegen seynem messer daß dy kurcz schneyd oder stumpff schneyd unten stee und verendt den schlag nicht sünder [22v.1] ym schlag laß den ort sincken und gee unter durch mit dem messer auff deyn lincke seytten und schlag yn mit der kurczen schneyden uff den kopff ynder wenndt deyn messer gegen dir und schlag yn auff der selbigen seytten auff den kopff mit der langen schneyden yndeß mach waß dir eben ist daß stuck get zw zw payden seytten etc

[153r.3] Winck linck Im treffen
haw recht lang wiltu In effen

Item das soltu also Verst on. steet er gegen dir Im luginsland. so haw von deinner Rechten Achsel gerad oben ein zu Im einen oberhaw mit der lanngen schneid oder mit gestracktem arm. zu seinner linncken seitten Nun merckh Im haw. dieweil der haw nach dem kopff geet. so wind gegen seinnem duseggen das die kurtz schneid vnden stee. vnnd verwend den schlag mit svnnder In dem schlag lasz den ort lincken vnnd ge vnnden durch mit dem duseggen. auf dein lincken seitten. vnd schlag In mit der kurtzen schneid Indes mach was dir eben ist. das stuckh [153v.1] geet auch zu baiden seitten.

[113]


Then, as you strike with the long edge to his right side to his head, “simultaneously” wind your Messer towards yourself and go high with the arm and thrust at his face to his right side. “Simultaneously” wind again towards him to his right side and thrust to his right side again to his face.




[114]

If you want to deceive the masters
You should enjoy the Wincker
What comes in a crooked manner or wrongly
This is rightful for the Wincker

Here the master speaks about the element that is called the Wincker and speaks: If you want… the masters, etc. You should understand it this way that this element goes rightfully to anyone who displaces in a crooked manner or wrongly, then this element has its priority.[19]

[57r.3] Wiltu die meinster pleulben
des winckers soltu dich freulben
Waß kümpt krüm oder schlecht
daß ist wincker als gerecht

|Hie saget der meinster von dem stueck dz do heÿssett [57v.1] der wincker vnd spricht wiltu die meinster plulben daß soltu also verstan dz daß stuck recht zu gett vff eym ÿttlichem er versetz kruem oder schlechtt |So hat dz stuck synen fur ganck vnd were dem stuck rechtt kan thun der schlecht gar viell luede ~~

[22v.3] Wiltu dy meyster plewen
[23r.1] Deß winckerß soltu dich frewen
Waß kumbt krump oder schlecht
Daß ist dem wincker alz gerecht

Hye sagt der meyster von dem stuck daß do heysset der wincker und spricht wiltu dy meyster etc das soltu alzo verstan daß daß stuck recht zw gett auff eynem ytlichen er versecz krump oder schlecht so hatt daß stuck seynen fuerganck und wer dem stuck rechtt kann thun der schlecht gar vil lewt

[115]

Do to him this way: if he displaces in a crooked manner, strike from your right shoulder from above a free upper stroke to his Messer and as you strike, turn your Messer before one sparks on the other, and go high with the arm and strike the short edge to his head.

[116]

Then, if you have not hit him, as it is already stated, with the stroke, go with the point against your left side and thrust at his throat or chest, or take away on the Messer, as you know it well.

[23r.3]  hast yn nicht getroffen mit dem haw so far mit dem ortt [23v.1] auff deyn lincke seytten und stich ym czw der kelen oder prust oder nymb ab auff dem messer etc

[153v.5] hastu In nit getroffen mit dem haw. so far mit dem ort auf dein [154r.1] linncke seitten. vnnd stich Im zu der Kelen oder prust. oder Nimb ab auf dem Duseggen. als du dann wol bericht bist.

[117]


You should praise the four guards
If you want to win in the Messer combat
Bastei and the Luginsland
Stier and the Eber should be known to you

It is to be known that the master has stated and explained the six strokes or chapters. Now he speaks here about the seventh chapter and main element. And first about the four stances in the Messer, which one can consider and defend himself from them with the rightful art.



[23v.2] Vyer leger solt absynnen
Ym messer vechten wildt begynnen
Basteyn und luginsland
Styr und eber seyn dir pekandt

So nw der meyster gesagt und außgericht hatt dy sechß hew nw sagt er von den andren hawbt stuck und czwm ersten wirt gesagt von den vyer legeren ym messer da von man halten solt und sich mit rechter kunst dar auß sol weren



[118]


Then, the first stance or guard is called the Bastei. Assume it this way: put your left[21] foot forwards and hold your Messer with the stretched arm in front of you with the point on the ground, so that the short edge is above.


[23v.3] Item daß erst leger oder hut dy heyst dy pasteyn und schick dich yn dy also secz deynen lincken fuß fuer und halt [24r.1] deyn messer mit gestracktem armen vor dir mit dem ort uff der erden daß dy kurcz schneyd oder stumpff oben stee etc



[98v.18] Item das erst leger oder hůt heysset dy pasteÿ schick dich also setz deinen [rechten fuß vor vnd halt dein messer mit gestracktem][18] [99r.1] arm vor dir mit dem spitz auff der erden das dye kurtz schneid oder stumpf schnid oben stee

[119]


Then, the other guard or stance is the Luginsland—assume it this way: put your left[22] foot forwards and hold your Messer with the stretched arm high in in front of your head and the long edge or the sharp edge stands against the man.




[120]


Then, assume the Stier this way: put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer on the left side with the hilt in front of your head, so that the short edge is against you and the point against the face.




[121]

Then, assume the Stier on the other side side as it is depicted below.

[122]


The fourth guard is called the Eber. Assume it this way: hold your Messer at the right leg on the right side with the hilt at the hip, so that the blunt edge is above and the point is forwards against the face of the man.



[24r.4] Item dy vyerdt hut hayst der eber yn dy schick dich alzo halt deyn [24v.1] messer bey dem rechten payn auff der rechten seytten mit dem gehultz neben der hüff daß dy stumpff schneydt oben stee und der ortt fur sich auff stee dem man gegen dem gesicht etc



[123] Then, you should also perform the guard from the left side with the Messer. And assume the guard this way: hold your Messer at your left side at the left hip, so that the long edge is turned upwards and the point stands upwards against the face of the man. The text follows.

Then, you should also perform the Eber from the left side with the Messer. And assume the guard this way: hold your Messer at your left side at the hip, so that the long edge is turned upwards and the hilt is a bit lowered towards the ground and the point stands upwards against the face of the man, as it is depicted below.

[24v.2] Item dw magst dy hut ausß der lincken seytten auch treyben mit dem messer und schick dich yn dye alzo haltt deyn messer neben deyner lincken seytten untersich auff dy lincken huff daß dy lang schneyd oben gewendt sey und der ort ubersich stee dem man zw dem gesicht etc Sequitur textus

[124]

You should love the four displacements,
If you want to win the stances,
Mind yourself not to displace,
Displacing makes a man have efforts

Here the master speaks about the eighth chapter or element. These are the four displacements that break the four guards.


You should refrain from the four displacements
If you want to force the stances
Mind yourself not to displace
Displacing makes a man have efforts

Here the master speaks about the eighth chapter or element. These are the four displacements that break the four guards.


[58v.3] Die versetzen soltu mynnen
Wiltu die leger bezwingen
Vor versetzen dich huett
Versetzen dick den man muett

|Hie saget der meinster von dem achsten stueck dz sintt die vier versetzen die selbigen die brechen [59r.1] die fuer hutt




[125]

Now you should know that there are four displacements and know that no displacement against the four guards belongs here because the four strokes which break the four guards.

[126]

Then, the first stroke is the Wecker. It breaks the guard from the Stier.

[127]

The other is the Entrüsthau. It breaks the guard from the Luginsland.

[128]

Then, the third is called the Zwinger. It breaks the guard from the Eber.

[129] Then, the fourth is the Geferhau. It breaks the guard that is called the Bastei. How you should perform the elements, you have been taught to a great degree before, as the strokes are dealt with, and how one should break the four guards with them.

Then, the fourth is the Geferhau. It breaks the guard that is called the Bastei. How you should perform the elements, you have been taught to a great degree before, as the strokes are dealt with, and how one should break the four guards.

[130]

Then, the text also speaks: Mind yourself not to displace. This to say that you should not displace a lot, if you do not want to be ashamed and beaten otherwise, as you have been taught before.

[25r.7] Item eß spricht der text von verseczen [25v.1] dich huet etc Daß ist alz vil geredt daß dw nicht vil verseczen solt wil dw anderß nicht geschendt und geschlagen werden alz dw denn vor unterrichtt pist etc

[131]

If the Eber and the Stier intend to defend themselves
You should turn the ready long point to him

Here the master teaches a breaking against the Eber and the Stier and speaks: If...intend, etc. You should understand it this way: if he stands in the Eber on his left side and wants to thrust at you to your right side, go with long stretched point “simultaneously” to his face, and fall with the rear foot well outside, so that you hit him at his face. And you should know that the breakings with the long point are better than these announced above from the strokes, as the strokes cannot protect themselves on their own against the long point and they are broken with it.

[132]

Then, if he stands in the Eber on his right side and wants to thrust at you from the guard to your left side, put the Messer on the ground so that the thumb is above on the flat and the short edge is against the man, and go with the ready long point to his face, as it is depicted below.

[133]

Then, if he stands in the Stier on his right side and wants to thrust at you from the same guard, “simultaneously” go readily high and thrust at his face with the long point, as it is depicted below.

[134]

Then, if he stands in the Stier on his left side and wants to thrust at you as before, go high with the stretched point and thrust at his face or throat or chest, as it is depicted below. And with these breakings you break the four guards always in the best way.

[135]

You should set on
And hurt him on the four ends
If he comes from above or from below
The straight point is bound to him

Here the master speaks about the settings on and the setting on is a good honest element and it goes close to the four peaks. And it should be performed as soon as you want to finish with the Messer, and perform the settings on this way: assume the guard of the Bastei, and if he wants to strike or thrust from above from his right side, come “before” and shoot the long point to his next opening of his left or right side.

[59r.8] Du solt an setzen ~
[59v.1] An vier enden In letzen
Er küm oben oder vnten
Ort gerad ist In verbünden

|Hie saget er von an setzen vnd dz ist die ansetzen ist ein gut gantz erntstlich stuck vnd gat nahentt die vier zÿnnen vnd gehorett ze triben als bald du endt willt geben mit dem messer vnd trib die an setzen also leg dich in die huett des stÿer oder des ebers wil er dan oben In haulben oder stechen von syner rechten syten so küm vor vnd schuß im den langen ortt In zu der nesten ploß siener lincken syten vnd wart allbegen dz du im an setzest

[25v.2] dw sölt an seczen
Und an vyer enden yn leczen
Er kum oben oder unden
Ort gerad ist yn verbunden

Hye sagt der meyster von dem [23] stuck alz von den anseczen und daß ist eyn gucz ernestlichß stuck und gat nohent den vyer czynnen und gehort zw treyben alz pald dw end wild geben mit dem messer und treyb dy anseczen alzo leg dich yn dy hut deß stiren oder deß eberß will er [26r.1] den oben eyn hawen oder stechen von seyner rechten seytten so kum vor und schewß ym den langen ort eyn zw der negsten plöß seyner lincken seytten und wart albeg daß dw ym an seczest etc

[136]

Then, if he strikes from above from his left side, come “before” with the displacement and shoot the long point long to his right side to the next opening.

[137]

Then, if he strikes at you from below from his right side, shoot the point long to him to the next opening of his left side.

[138]

Then, or if he strikes to you from below from his left side, shoot the point long to him to the lower opening of his right side. If he becomes aware of the shoot and displaces, remain with the Messer on his one, and work skillfully to the next opening.

[139]

Then, you should also know that as soon as you come together in the Zufechten, and as soon as he only raises his Messer and wants to strike around, you should fall in the point and thrust at the next opening.

[26r.5] Item dw solt auch daß wyssen alz pald [26v.1] Ir zwsammen kumbt und alz pald dy er seyn messer newer hebtt und umb schlagen will alz pald soltu yn den ortt fallen und stechen nach der negsten ploß

[140]

If he does not want to go with the Messer, you should go yourself with your Messer. And as often as you end a stroke, fall “simultaneously” in the point. If you can perform the settings on properly, he is hardly able to go without injury from you. The text follows.

[141]

Learn to draw after
Make the cuts point to the defence
Learn to do them in a double manner
You should expose yourself with the art

Here the master speaks about the tenth and element, that is the drawing after, which are numerous and diversified, and should be practiced with great care against the “free fighters,” who fight with long free strokes and do not know the rightful art of the Messer and against those who cannot do much in the rightful art but still believe that they know a lot, although they know nothing. And against those who strike to the stomach and grab at the openings for the sake of being praised. The drawing after should also be done against those who withdraw from the man or deliver strokes that miss.


Learn to draw after
Make the cuts point to the defence
Learn to do them in a double manner
You should expose yourself with the art

Here the master speaks about the ninth chapter and element, that is the drawing after. They are numerous and diversified, and should be practiced with great care against the “free fighters,” who fight with long free strokes and do not know the rightful art of the Messer. And they deliver strokes that miss and strike to the breakings and to the sides and who withdraw from the man.



[26v.3] lEr nach raysen
Zw wer dy schnydt thw ym weysen
Czwiuach ler dy machen
Mit kunsten dich solt pesachen

Hÿe sagt der meyster vonn dem zehenten newden stuck daß ist daß nach reysen daß ist vil und manigerlay und daß gehortt zw treyben mit grosser fursichtikayt gegen den freyfechteren dy ausß [27r.1] langen freyen hewen fechten und suest von rechter kunst deß messerß nicht halten und zw den dy nicht vill kunnen in rechter kunst und si doch maynen si wyssen will wye wol si nichtz wyssen und wÿder dye dy dem nach nach dem pauch schlagen und greuffen nach den plössen von romeß wegen auch gehoren dy nachraysen auff dye dy sich vor dem man abczyhent oder sich verhawen etc



[142]


And do the drawing after this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man, put your left foot forwards and stand in the guard of the Luginsland and see what he does against you. If he strikes from above long from his right shoulder to you, make sure he does not reach you with the stroke and notice, in the moment as he lets his Messer go down towards the ground with the stroke, leap with the right foot and strike to him from above to the opening of his right side sooner than he comes high again with the Messer.

[60v.2] Ein noch reisen

|Item daß noch rÿßen ist wan du mit dem ze vechten zu dem man kümpst so setz dÿnen lincken fus fur vnd ste in der hut luginßlant vnd sich oben waß er gegen dir tribt oder vichtt hautt er dan oben lang in von syner rechten achßell |So wartt dz er dich mit dem haulb mit erlange Nu merck die will er sin messer vnttersich mit dem haulb let gen gegen der erden |So spring mit dem rechten fus zu vnd haulb im oben ze der ploesß syner rechten syten [61r.1] E wan er mit dem messer kümptt So ist er gar gnaulb gesclagen ~~


[27r.2] Item daß erst stuck auß dem nachraysen wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man kumbst so secz deynen lincken fuß fuer und stee ynder hut luginsland und sich eben waß er gen dir vicht hawt er dir dann oben lanck eyn von seyner rechten achseln So wart daß er dich nicht mit dem haw erlang und merck dy weyl er seyn messer untersich mit dem haw lest gen gegen der erden so spring mit dem rechten fuß zw und haw ym oben zw der plöß seyner rechten [27v.1] seytten ee wenn er mit dem messer auff kumbt so ist er gar genawen geschlagen etc




[143]


Then, another element. If he delivers a stroke that misses and you strike to him “after,” and he goes quickly high with the Messer and displaces, remain firmly with the right edge on his Messer. If he raises his Messer, leap with you left foot well behind his right one and strike to his head to his right side. “Simultaneously” do what you want to do.




[144]


And notice always whether he is “soft” or “hard” in the binding. That is why you should know the “feeling of the Messer.”




[145]


Then, an element: if he delivers a stroke that misses in front of you, and you strike at him “after,” and then you bind on his Messer towards his left side. If he strikes then from the displacement with the Entrüsthau quickly around you to your right side, come “simultaneously” with the Entrüsthau forwards under his Messer against his left side to his neck. Or, perform the cuts, or go high with the hilt and lower the point to his face or chest and push him backwards. “Simultaneously” work towards the peaks.


[27v.4] Item aber eyn stuck wenn er sich vor dir verhawet und dw nach hawest pyndest dan uff seyn messer gegen seyner lincken seytten schlacht er dann auß der versaczung mit dem entrusthaw pald umb dich zw deyner rechten seytten so kumb yndeß mit dem entrusthaw foren unter seyn messer gegen seyner [28r.1] lincken seytten an seynen halz oder treybn dy schnydt oder far auff mit dem gehultz und senck den ort yn seyn antlicz oder prust und schewb yn alzo zw ruck yndeß erbat nach den czynnen etc



[146]

Then, a drawing after: if you stand in the guard of the Bastei and he falls with his Messer on yours before you raise it, remain below “on the Messer” and raise up. If he wants to strike at you “on the displacement” or wind in “on the Messer,” do not let him come away “from the Messer” and work “simultaneously” to the next peak.




[147]


Then, an element: assume the guard of the Bastei, stand with your left foot forwards, and if he wants to strike from his right side to the Messer, “simultaneously” avoid the stroke with the Messer on his right side and thrust at him with the stretched arm over his Messer.




[159r.2] Mer ain nachraisen

Item leg dich Inn die hut der Pastey vnd stee mit deinem lincken fuosz fur. will er dir dann von seiner rechten seitten einhawen. so weich ausz dem haw mit dem Duseggen auf sein rechten seitten. vnnd stich Im mit [159v.1] gestracktem armen vber sein Duseggen.

[148]

If he is skilled and displaces the stroke, go high skillfully with the stretched arm, wind to his Messer the point firmly at his face.

[28r.4]  ist eyner alzo pehendt [28v.1] und verseczt den stich yndeß far auff mit gestracktem armen behendlich wyndt auff seyn messer ym den ort starck zw dem gesicht

[149]

Then, you can do the drawing after on both sides and also bring cuts to it. And do him this way: if he delivers a stroke that misses in front of you, be it from the right or the left side, strike to him merrily to the opening. If he goes high and binds you from below on the Messer, notice as soon as one Messer sparks on the other, go “simultaneously” with the long edge to his arm, and press with the cut downwards, or cut “simultaneously” through his face.


Then, you can do the drawing after on both sides and also bring cuts to it. And do him this way: if he delivers a stroke that misses in front of you, be it from the right or the left side, strike to him merrily to the opening. If he goes high and binds you from below on the Messer, notice as soon as one Messer sparks on the other, go “simultaneously” with the long edge to his arm, and press with the cut downwards, or cut through his face.





[150]

If he wants to sway around the head
You should strike to the neck to the left

Here the master teaches a drawing after and speaks: Around the head, etc. You should understand it this way: if he remains in the horizontal stance on his left side against your right, and wants to strike around his head to your left side, remain “simultaneously” with your Messer and go readily down and strike to his neck, as it is depicted below.

[151]

If the duffers deliver strokes that miss
Give the draw after to the old hood

You should understand it this way: if one wants to strike to your stomach, and wants to leap away with it, notice, as soon as he goes down with the stroke, strike to his head, as it is depicted below.

[152]

Bowing with the shield to the right should defend you
If he wants to go after in the drawing after

Here the master teaches how one should displace the drawing after and speaks: Bowing with, etc. You should understand it this way: if you have delivered a stroke that missed to your right side, you should go with bowing under his Messer, so that the thumb is below on your Messer and the hilt is against your left side. If he wants to draw after, catch the stroke on the flat on your Messer, so that the short edge is against him.

[153]

Overwind the bowing, learn to thrust at the cheek
And to break the bowing with the point

You should understand it this way: if he wants to go high with the bowing and displace the drawing after, wind “simultaneously” over his Messer to his right side and thrust with the point to his right cheek to his right side.

[154]

If he wants to enjoy the overwinding with the point
Go over with the pommel, strike to the face and do the thrusting

Here the master teaches a breaking against the counter-breaking and you should understand it this way: if he winds to your right ear and wants to thrust at your cheek as before, “simultaneously” go with the hilt over his “weak” of the Messer and strike or thrust at his face.

[155]

You should bow to the left
If the drawing after wants to dupe you

You should understand it this way: if you have delivered a stroke that missed to yout left side and he wants to attack you after, go with the bowing under his Messer, so that the long edge is against him, as it is depicted below.

[156]

Wind the point to the left to the bowing
Do the war and he will be duped

You should understand it this way: if he goes against you with the bowing from his left side, work against him with the war to his ear of his left cheek and wind to his left side, so that the thumb is inside against you and the long edge is below, and thrust at his face or where you want.

[157]

If he winds and lets the point show
Go high, thrust the point or you may strike

Here the master teaches a breaking against the breaking announced above. If he winds to your face as above, strike “simultaneously” high with the lowered point with the long edge to his face or thrust at his throat.

[158]

If he wants to strike as before
The straight point gives him horrors

You should understand it this way: if he strikes to you face as announced above, or he wants to thrust at it, remain standing and thrust with the long point with the stretched arm at his face, thus he is not able to reach you with his stroke.

[159]


Overrun the lower hurt
Be strong and ashame him
If the displacement is delivered to it
Be considerate, wind the point short

Here the master speaks about the tenth chapter, that is about the overrunning, and speaks: Overrun, etc. Understand it this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man and he strikes to you from below, do not displace it but notice, as his lower stroke or half-stroke goes to you, strike to him from your right shoulder from above long and shoot the point long to his face, and set on to him, so that he is not able to reach you from below. If he goes from below high and displaces, remain with the long edge firmly on his Messer and “simultaneously” go high with the arm, wind and hang the point to his face. Amen.


[61r.3] Vber lauf die vnder raem
Sterck vnd in beschem
Ist die versatzüng dar bracht
Ort wind kurtz piß bedocht

|Hie saget der meinster von dem zehenden stueck als von dem vberlauffen vnd spricht vberlauffen |Daß verste also wan du mit dem ze vechten [61v.1] ze dem man kümpst hautt er dir dan vntten zue daß vesetz im nicht |Sünder merck wan syn vntter haulb oder halb haulb gegen dir gegent |So haulb im von diner rechten achßell von oben lang in vnd schus im den ortt lang in zue dem gesicht vnd setz im an So kan er dich vntten nicht gereÿchen fertt er dan von vntten vff vnd versetzt |So plyb mit langen ortt oder schniden starck vff sin messer vnd indes far vff mit dem arm wind vnd henge im den ortt zue dem gesichtt


[28v.3] uber lauff dy unteren ram
Sterck und yn bescham

[29r] Und dy versaczung dar pracht
Ortt byndt kurcz piß pedacht

Hye sagt der meyster von dem eylften zehenden stuck alz von dem uberlauffen und spricht uberlauff etc Daß vernymb alzo wenn dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man kumbst hawt er dir dan unten zw daß versecz ym nicht sunder merck wenn seyn unterhew oder halphew gegen dir genen so haw ym von deyner rechten achsel von oben lanck eyn und scheuß ym den ort lanck eyn czw dem gesicht und secz ym an so kann er dich unten nicht der raychen fert er dan von unten auff und ferseczt so pleyb mit der langen oder scharpffen schneyden starck auff seynem messer und yndeß far auff mit dem armen wynd und heng ym den ort zw dem gesicht amen Sequitur textus



[99r.28] Vber lauff Die vnder ram mit sterck vnd In bescham Ist die versatzung dar bracht ortt wind kurtz biß bedacht


Hye sagt der meyster von den zehen stucken als von dem vber lauff vnd spricht vber lauf das [verstee also wan du mit dem zuüechten][18] [99v.1] Zu dem man kumest hewet er dir dan vnden zu dem versetz Im nicht Sunder merck wan sein vnderhaw oder happhaw gegen dir geyn So haw Im von deyner r. s. von oben lanck zů Im vnd schuß Im den ortt lang Im zu dem gesicht vnd setz Im an so kan er dich vnden nit erreychen fert er dan von vnden auf vnd versetzt So pleyb mit dein langen oder scharffen schniden starck auff sein messer vnd indes far auff mit dem arm wind vnd heng Im den ortt zu dem gesicht

[160] Strike the Entrüsthau to him, overrun
Wind and raise the pommel

Here the master says how one should overrun in the Messer and speaks: Strike the Entrüsthau to him, etc.

Strike the Entrüsthau to him, overrun
Wind and raise the pommel

Here the master says how one should overrun in the Messer and speaks: Strike the Entrüsthau to him, etc.

[160v.1] Entrist In vberlaüff
wind vnnd erhoch den knopff

Item hie findstu Wie man ausz dem Entrist vberlauffen soll.

[161] Understand it this way: if he stands in the guard of the Luginsland, hold your Messer on the right side, stand with the left foot forwards and go with the Entrüsthau to his left side, quickly to him. “Simultaneously” go from below above his Messer with the hilt to your left side and pull your Messer on his Messer back, and go high with the hilt, and strike witht the left hand in the middle of your Messer. Then, thrust at his face with the armed hand or “simultaneously” hit him with a “thunderstroke” to his head or go with the “weak” downwards to his lower peaks.

Understand it this way: if he stands in the guard of the Luginsland, hold your Messer on the right side, stand with the left foot forwards and go with the Entrüsthau to his left side, quickly to him. “Simultaneously” go from below over his Messer with the hilt to his righ side and pull your Messer on his Messer back, and go high with the hilt, and drop your left hand onto the middle of your Messer. Then, thrust at his face with the armed hand or so.

[61v.3] Daß verste also ligt er in der hut lueginßlant so hab din messer vff diner rechten siten |Ste mit dinem lincken fus vor vnd ge mit dem entrueest haulb ze syner lincken siten vast an In Indes far vnten vff uber sin messer mit dem [62r.1] gehueltz vff sin rechten syten vnd zueck vff sin messer din messer ze rueck vnd far vff mit dem gehultz vnd fal mit der lincken hant in die mit dines messers vnd stich im in dz antluetz mit gewoppnetter hantt / oder indes schlag im den dimessers schlag vff sin hauptt oder far im mit der schwech wider zu der vndern zÿnnen

[160v.2] vnnd thu Im also. ligt er Inn der hut luginsland / so heb dein Duseggen auf der rechten seitten. vnnd stee mit dem lincken fuosz vor. vnnd gee mit dem Entristhaw zu seinner lincken seitten fast an In / Indes far vnnden vber sein Duseggen mit dem gehultz auf sein rechten seitten vnd zuckh auf sein duseggen dein Duseggen. zuruckh vnnd far auf mit dem gehultz. Indes fall mit der lincken hand Inn die mit deinnes Duseggen. vnd stich Im Inn das angesicht mit gewappneter hand. oder schlag Im Indes den dunnerschlag auf sein haupt. oder far Im mit der schwech nider zu der vndern zinnen /

[162]

Overrun with the striking point
To the head, to the stomach, the neck, strike the death stroke

You should understand it this way: as you have gone over his Messer, as it is stated before, and you have pulled your Messer towards yourself, strike in the middle of your Messer with your left hand and turn the right hand on your Messer around, so that the thumb stands above, and strike to him with the hilt at his head. Then, step “simultaneously” with the right foot well behind his right one and step with your left foot also well behind him and strike to him with no displacement with the hilt at his stomach. “Simultaneously” step behind him once again and strike to him with the hilt at his neck.

[163]

If you want to get through with overrunning
Grab the neck and learn to throw over the leg

Here the master says how you should overrun the man and grab at the neck and throw. And you should understand it this way: go to the man as before from your right side to his left, and “simultaneously” wind firmly with the hilt over his Messer and come to help to your right hand. Then, go with the left hand in the “weak” of your Messer blade and go to his throat to his left side. Then, press him firmly with the hand or arm below his throat and step with your left leg behind his right leg and push him over it.

[62r.2] Wiltu dich uber lauffens mossen
Hals vach uber peyn lere stossen

|Hie saget der meinster wie du im solt vberlauffen den man by dem hals vohen vnd werffen vnd solt dz also versten ge ze dem man als vor von diner rechten syten ze syner lincken syten Indeß wind starck aber mit dem gehultz vber sin messer vnd küm der rechten hant zu hilff vnd far mit der lincken hant in die schwech dines messers clingen vnd far im in den hals syner lincken siten vnd druck in mit dem elnbogen starck vntter sin hals vnd schrit mit dem rechten peyn hintter syn rechtes peyn oder mit dinen lincken [62v.1] hinter sin rechtes beyn vnd stoß Im also darueber

[29v.2] Wiltu dich uberlauffenß mössen
[30r.1] Halß vach uberpayn ler stössen

Hye sagt der meyster wye dw solt ym uberlauffen den man pey dem halß vahen und werffen und solt daß alzo verstan gee czw dem man alz vor von deyner rechten seytten czw seyner lincken seytten yndeß wyndt starck aber mit dem gehultz uber seyn messer und kum der rechten hand zw hilff und far mit der lincken hant yn dy swech deyneß messerß und far ym an den halz seyner lincken seytten und druck yn mit den ölpogen starck unter seyn halz und schreyt mit dem rechten payn hynter seyn rechteß payn oder mit dem lincken hynter seyn rechteß peyn und stoß yn dar uber etc Sequitur textus

[160v.3] Wiltü dich vberlauffens massen
hals fach vber bain leer stössen

Item das soltü Allso verstan Gee zu dem Mann als vor. von deinner rechten seitten. zu seinner linncken. Indes wind starckh. [161r.1] Mit dem gehultz vber sein duseggen Kum der rechten hannd zu hilff. vnnd far mit der linncken hannd Inn die schwech deinnes Duseggen klingen. far Im an den hals. seinner lincken seitten truckh In mit dem Elenpogen starckh vnnder seinnen hals. vnnd schreit mit dem Rechten pain vnnder sein rechts pain. vnnd stosz In also daruber

[164]

Turn your edge
Cut, be skilled with the point
If he wants to fight hand-to-hand and press
Push, fight hand-to-hand, learn to twitch the weapon

Here the master states a breaking against the verses announced before and their elements. And first of all, against the first two verses, as he speaks: Strike the Entrüsthau to him, etc.

[30r.2] Deyn schneyd wendt
Schneyd mit ort piß behendt

[30v.1] Wil er ryngen und drücken
Stoß ryng wer ler czucken

Hye sagt der meyster pruch wyder dy wye ee gemelten verß und yren stuck und zum ersten wyder dy ersten czwen verß so er spricht Entrust yn etc

[165]


Then, do the first breaking this way: if he goes high with the hilt over your Messer back as it is announced before, and wants to thrust at your face with the armed hand with the short point, “simultaneously” as he goes high with the hilt to your Messer, windt your edge over against him and cut him with the long edge over his hand and press firmly downwards to his left side.



[166]


Then, another breaking: if he goes with the hilt as before and wants to thrust at your face with the armed point, wind your Messer against your left side so that the long edge is above and “simultaneously” lower your point to his chest and push him “simultaneously” with the thrust firmly backwards. Amen.

[62v.4] der ander ~

|Item eyn ander bruch fertt er dir mit dynem gehultz als vor vnd will dich mit gewoppneter ortt in daß gesichtt stossen |So wind din messer [63r.1] gegen syner lincken syten dz die lang schnid oben ste Indes senck din ortt vff sin brust vnd im stich schüb in ze rueck ~


[30v.3] Item eyn ander pruch fert er dir mit [31r.1] dem gehulcz alz vor und wil dich mit geboppenden ort yn daß gesicht stechen so wynd deyn messer gegen deyner lincken seytten daß dy lang schneyd oben stee yndeß senck den ort auff seyn prust und ym stich scheub yn da mit zw ruck amen etc


[167]


Then, a breaking: if he goes with the hilt as before and wants to thrust at your face as before, set the thrust aside with the empty hand and drop your Messer. “Simultaneously” grab the blade of his Messer close at his hilt with your right hand, and also with your left turned hand, as you have displaced with it. Grab the “weak” of his Messer and press upwards from you and pull with your right hand below between both his arms and pull firmly to your right side, so that you take his Messer.



[168]

Here the master states breakings against the other two verses and elements, as: If he wants to fight hand-to-hand, etc.

[169]


Then, do the first breaking this way: if he goes over your Messer with the hilt and comes with the armed hand on your neck and wants to push you through his right or left leg, break it this way. Grab with your right hand from behind at his elbow and push him well to your right side, and grab with your left hand between both his arm well at his throat to his right side. Then, step with your left foot well behind his left one and throw him over your left hip.



[162r.2] Der viert Prüch

Item fert er vnder dein Duseggen mit dem gehultz vnnd kumpt dir an deinnen hals. vnnd will dich trucken vber sein rechten oder linncken fuosz. so prich das also. greiff mit der rechten hannd. hinnden In sein Elenpogen. vnnd scheub In wol auf sein rechten seitten. vnd greiff [162v.1] mit deinner linncken hannd Zwischen seinne beed Arm wol hinausz. an seinnen hals. seinner rechten seitten vnnd schreit mit deinnem lincken fuosz wol hinnder seinnen lincken. vnnd wirff In vber die linckh huff.

[170]


Then, another breaking: if he goes over your Messer with the hilt, as it is stated before, grab with your left hand at his left one and with your right push him at the elbow from you. Then, leap with your right foot to his left and deprive him of his balance.



[171]


Then, another breaking: if he goes with the hilt as before, grab with your left hand in his right arm close at the hand and pull it downwards on you. “Simultaneously” hit with your right arm firmly over his left one and press both arms well to your body. Then, step with your right foot to his both feet and swing to your left side.



[162v.3] Der sechst Pruch

Item mer ain Pruch. fert Er mit dem gegultz als vor. so greiff mit deinner lincken hannd In seinnen rechten arm nachent [163r.1] bey der hannd vnnd ruckh den Vndersich an dich. Indes schlag deinnen rechten arm starckh vber sein linncken vnd gee durch seinne beed arm/ wol an seinnen leib. vnnd trit mit dem rechtne fuosz wol fur seinne bed fusz. vnnd schwing dich auf dein lincken seitten. so wirfstu In.

[172]


[173]


Then, another breaking: grab with your left hand over his Messer close to the handle or bind and pull down and go high with your right hand between his both arms in the “weak” of his Messer and press towards him firmly down. Then, pull firmly to your left side, so that you take his Messer.


[32r.3] Item aber eyn ander pruch greuff mit deyner lincken hand uber seyn messer nohend pey der hand hab und reyß untersich und far mit deyner rechten hand uff czwischen seyn pede arem yn dy swech seyneß messerß und druck gegen ym fast nyder und reyß starck [32v.1] auff deyn lincke seytten so nymbstu ym aber daß messer etc


[163r.3] Der Acht pruch

Item greyff mit deinner lincken hand vber sein duseggen. nachent bey dem hefft darmit vnndersich. vnnd far mit deinner rechten hanndt auf zwischen seinne baid arm Inn die schweche seinnes Duseggen. [163v.1] vnnd truckh gegen Im fast. Nider vnnd reisz starckh auf sein lincken seitten. so nimbstu Im den duseggen.

[174]


Then, another breaking: grab above over his right arm in the blade of his Messer with your right hand close at the hilt and pull towards your right side. “Simultaneously” grab with your left turned hand in the “weak” of his Messer and pull firmly to your right side, in that way you strike his Messer at his head.



[175]

Then, another breaking: if he stands as before and has you at the throat as before, and you grab at his Messer over his right arm and you feel that he is too strong for you and you cannot pull the Messer to your right hand, “simultaneously” grab with your left hand behind his right hand at the hilt and pull downwards firmly to your left side.


[163v.3] Der Zehend Prüch

Item fert Er als vor Vnd hat dich aber bey dem hals. vnnd du greyffest Im Inn sein Duseggen. vber seinnen rechten [164r.1] Arm. vnnd du aber empfindest. das Er dir zu starckh. ist. das du Im sein duseggen nit kanst reissen. auf sein rechten seitten. so greiff mit deinner linncken hannd hinder sein rechte an das gehultz. vnnd Reisz vnnder sich starckh auf dein lincke seiten. so nimbstu Im den Duseggen.

[176]


Then, a breaking: if he goes over your Messer as before and holds you at your neck as before, go high with your left hand behind his right one between his hands and hilt, and press with it firmly to your right side and turn quickly to the side announced before.


[32v.4] Item aber eyn ander pruch fert er uber deyn messer alz vor und helt dich pey dem halz alz vor so far auff mit deyner [33r.1] lincken hand hynter seyn rechte czwischen seyn hand und gehulcz und druck da mit starck auff deyn rechte seytten und wend dich geswynd auff dy ee gemelt seytten etc


[177]

Then, if he holds you as before, thrust at him between both his arms with the “weak” over his right arm at the joint and raise with the hilt firmly to his left arm at the joint of the elbow and press from above downwards firmly to his right side. The text follows.



[164r.3] Der zwelfft prüch

Item hellt Er dich als vor. so stich Im Indes seinne baid Arm mit der schwech vber sein rechte arm. Inn das gelaich. vnnd heb mit [164v.1] dem gehultz starckh auf sein lincken Arm bey dem gelaich des Elenpogens. auszwenndig vnnd truckh von oben nider starckh auf seinn rechte seitten

[178]

Then, he has you at your neck as before: grab with your left hand forwards to his left one and push your Messer under his right arm to his chest and turn yout right hand around. Then, press him firmly on his left arm with the Messer and turn his left hand with your left one well around and step with your right foot to his both ones. Then, swing to your left side and throw him on the face. This way he is clenched, and step with your left foot on the hilt of the Messer in the measure and form, as it is depicted below.

[179]

Then, another breaking against the counter-breaking. If he wants to do the breaking against the holding with the foot, and he is about to throw himself on his back, grasp the Messer and strike at him as he turns around to his right arm, so that he cannot stand up well. If you want, step with both feet on the Messer, with each foot on the end.[26] This element serves for the combat, as an armoured man is thrown and clenched, so that he is not able to stand up. You should keep this element in secret and not show it to anyone, as one should not strew the roses for the swine.[27]

[180]

Then, if he has grabbed you at the neck as before and wants to push you over the leg, go with the short-point to him between his both arms and set the point on his throat, as it is depicted below.

[181]

Then, another different breaking: if he has grabbed you at the neck as before, go with your point of your Messer to your left side and hit him with the hilt between both his arms at the face or the throat, as it is depicted below.

[182]

Then, another breaking: if he goes over your Messer with his hilt and wants to take you at the neck as before, push his hilt away with yout hilt and step with your right foot well to his right side and strike to him with the hilt at his head, as it is depicted below.

[183]

Then, another different breaking: if he goes over your Messer with the hilt as before, “simultaneously” go quickly over his hand close to his hilt at the joint of his hand on the outside. Then, go with the left hand to the “strong” of his Messer and pull with both hands firmly to your left side, so that you take his Messer.

[184]

Then, another breaking: if he has grabbed you at the neck as before, drop your Messer. Grab him with your right hand behind his left elbow and push him with it from you to his right side. “Simultaneously” grab him with your left hand in his left knee-bending and throw him to his right side.

[185]

Then, another different breaking: if he has grabbed you at the neck as before, drop your Messer and go with your right hand behind his left elbow and grab with your right hand in the middle of his body on his right side, and with your left hand in the middle of his left side. Then, lift him firmly up and turn him around on your chest and throw him with the head to the ground, as it is depicted below.

[186]

Then, another breaking: if he wants to go with the hilt over your Messer as before, pull your Messer under his hand with the long edge, so that the hilt is against your right side. “Simultaneously” go with your hilt and with the armed hand over his right hand from outside and pull firmly to your right side, so that you take his Messer.

[187]

Then, another breaking: if he wants to go with the hilt over your Messer as before, go with the long edge on his hand between the hilt and the hand, so that your Messer comes over the horizontal in front of you. “Simultaneously” take to the armed hand and thrust at him on the inside through his arm with it. Then, come on the outside to his elbow and press with the “weak” with yout Messer and your elbow firmly down, and press with your right hand and Messer also his right hand firmly. Then, lay down firmly on his arm. This way you have clenched him skillfully and masterly and you can hold, press or throw him.

[188]

Then, another breaking: if he wants to go over with the hilt as before, go “simultaneously” with your left hand on the inside over his Messer and take to the armed hand in the middle of your Messer and go with the “weak” from outside on his joint of the hand, and press firmly in the joint to your right side, so that you take his Messer.

[189]

Pass over, aim quickly
You should take the throat with the point

Here the master teaches a good element from going over in the Messer and speaks: Going over, etc. You should understand it this way: go close to him and overrun his Messer with your hilt, so that his Messer comes under your right shoulder or arm. “Simultaneously” fall with your left hand in the middle of your Messer and go up beneath and outside his right hand and thrust at his face or throat. If he wants to withdraw, step merrily after him and press his arm down with force.

[190]

Go over firmly, cut the joint
Swing his Messer to the ground

Here the propagator of the art teaches another element from the overrunning with the hilt and speaks: Go over firmly, etc. You should understand it this way: if you go over his Messer with your hilt, go down through, so that his Messer comes under your right shoulder. Then, go on the outside to the joint of his hand and press towards the ground quickly down, so that you take his Messer.

[191]

If you want to start the Messer taking
Go over with the hilt and learn to pull inside

Here the propagator of the art teaches an element from the above depicted art and speaks this way: Messer taking, etc. You should understand it this way: go with the hilt on the outside over his Messer and let then your “weak” go down inside, and go with the hilt from outside to the joint of his hand. Then, swing “simultaneously” to your right side and pull firmly with the hilt on it, as it is depicted below, so that you take his Messer.

[192]

The Messer taking with one hand
Go over with the one hand and be skillful

Here the propagator of the art teaches how one should take the other’s Messer with one hand, and when one has one hand only or is lame in the left hand, so that he even though can take the other’s Messer quickly and with force. Understand it this way: go across with your Messer to his left side close to his hilt, so that the long edge is against the man. “Simultaneously” drop your Messer over the head and go with your right hand on the outside over his hand. Wind over them, so that they come outside again and “simultaneously” pull with it firmly with the one hand to your right side, so that you take his Messer easily without any trouble.

[193]

Learn to pull with an empty hand towards yourself
And press firmly with both arms

Here the master and the propagator of the art teaches a good element that works also with an empty hand. If you come to him as before, drop your Messer and go over his arm as before. Then, wind the arm around so that his right hand comes under your right shoulder and your right hand on his elbow, and the left arm is stroke over his right arm. Then, press his right arm firmly to your body or chest and hold him as it is depicted below. If you want to throw him, step with your left leg in front of his both legs and throw him over it. Or, fall on your arse, so that he falls on his face and cannot stand up unless you let him cordially stand up.

[194]

If he also goes, go over
Strike over from the left, and do not spare pulling to the right

Here the master teaches a breaking against the going over with the hilt and speaks: If he goes, etc. You should understand it this way: if he goes with the hilt over your Messer as before, go also with your hilt “simultaneously” over his right hand on the outside and pull firmly the hand to your right side. Then, turn with your body to his left arm and pull his hand with the Messer well to your chest. Then, strike your left arm over his right elbow and take his Messer. Or, step with the left foot in front of his both ones and throw him over it.

[195]


Learn to set off
And defend strokes and thrusts skillfully
From four ends
Learn to turn aside the strokes and thrusts

Here the master says how one should set off in the Messer, be it strokes or thrusts. If you come with the Zufechten to him, and he stands against you as if he wanted to thrust, put your left foot forwards, assume the guard of the Eber on your right side against him, and expose yourself with the left side. If he thrusts at your opening, wind with your Messer on your left side against his thrust, so that the short edge comes on his Messer and set with it aside, so that the point stands against his face or against his body. Then, thrust at his face or chest.



[33r.3] [D]y abseczen lere
Hew stich künstenlich were
Von vyer enden
Hew stich ler ab
wenden

Hye sagt der meyster wye man sol ym messer abseczen eß seyn hew oder stich merck wenn dw mit dem zwvechten [33v.1] zw ym kumbst stelt er sich dan gegen dir alz woll er stechen so secz deynen lincken fuß fuer und leg dich gegen ym yn dy hut deß eberß zw deyner rechten seytten und gib dich ploß mit deyner lincken seytten sticht er dir den zw der ploß so wynd mit deynem messer auff deyn lincke seytten gegen seynem stich daß dy kurcz schneyd an seyn messer kum und secz da mit ab daß deyn ort gegen seym gesicht stee oder gegen dem leyb und stich ym zw dem gesicht oder zw der prust etc



[164v.2] Das absetzen

Die absetzen Leer
haw stich künstlich weere
Vonn vier ennden
haw stich leer abwennden

Item merckh wie Mann soll absetzen Im Duseggen. es seien haw oder stich. vnnd machs allso. wann du mit zufechten zu dem Mann kumpst. stellt er sich dann gogen dir als woll er stechen. so setz. deinnen lincken fuosz fur vnnd leg dich gogen Im. Inn die hut des Ebers zu deinner rechten seitten. vnnd gib dich plosz mit deiner lincken seitten sticht. [165r.1] er dich oben zu der plösz. so winnd Mit deinnem Duseggen. auf dein linncken seitten gogen seinnem stich. die kurtz schnein an sein Duseggen. vnnd setz dennt ab. das der Ort gegen seinem gesicht stee. oder gegen dem leyb. vnnd stich zu dem gesicht oder prust.

[196]

Then, another element: if you stand on your right side in the Eber and he strikes to your left side from above to the opening, and wind with it to your left side against his stroke, so that the hilt comes in front of the head to the Stier. Then, step with the right foot forwards and thrust at his face or chest. You can perform these elements on both sides from the four guards.


Then, another element: if you stand on your right side in the Eber and he strikes to your left side from above to the opening, go high with the Messer and wind with it to your left side against his stroke, so that the hilt comes in front of the head to the Stier. Then, step with your foot forwards and thrust at his face or chest. You can perform these elements on both sides from the four guards.

[63v.2] eyn anders

|Item eyn ander stuck wan du stest zu dyner rechten syten in dem eber hautt er dir zu der lincken siten oben zu der ploß |So far vff mit dem messer vnd wind do mit vff die lincke seyten [64r.1] gegen synen haulb dz dz gehultz vor dz hauptt kuem in den stier vnd schrit mit dem fus zu vnd stich im zu dem gesicht oder brust die stich magstu triben vß den viern legern ~




[197]


Changing through, this element
Pushes the masters back
Notice its art and teaching
Thrust painfully from both sides

Here the master speaks about the changing through and speaks: Change through, etc.





[198]

Now it is to be known that the changing through are numerous and various. You can do them from all the strokes against the fighters who strike to the Messer and not to the peaks of the man. Now, you should perform the changing through with great care so that one does not set on against you while you change through.

[199]


Then, perform the changing through this way: if you come with the Zufechten to the man, strike at him from above long to the head. If he strikes then against you to the Messer and not to the body, let the point change through below while striking before he binds you on the Messer, and thrust at him to the other peak. If he is aware of the thrust and goes with the Messer after the stroke with the displacement, change through to the other side. Perform it always when he follows your Messer with the displacement. You should perform it on both sides.


[34r.3] Item den durchwechseln treyb alzo wen dw mit dem zw vechten zw dem man kumbst so haw ym oben lanck eyn zw dem kopff hawt er dan gegen dir zw dem messer und nicht zw dem leyb so laß den ort mit dem haw unter durchwischen ee er dir an daß [34v.1] messer pyndet und stich ym zw der andren czynnen wirt er dan deß stichß gewar und fert mit dem messer dem stich nach mit der versaczung so wechsel aber durch zw der andren seytten daß treyb albeg wenn er dir nach dem messer fert mit der versaczung daß soltu treyben zw payden seytten etc




[200]


Then, another changing through: if you come with the Zufechten to him, set your left foot forwards and hold the long point against his face. If he strikes at you from above or from below to the Messer and wants to strike it away or bind on it, “simultaneously” let the point go down through below, and thrust at him to the other side. You can do it against all the strokes.




[201]

Then, a good teaching

Then, notice a good teaching and the third element. If he has displaced or has bound otherwise on your Messer, and he does not hold his point on the Messer against your face or the opening of your body, and lets his point go out sideways at you to the side, change through merrily. But if he remains with the point against the face or against the openings, do not change through, but remain on the Messer and work with it to the next opening, so that he is not able to draw after to you or set on.

[64v.3] eyn gut lere

|Item eyn gut lere Vnd daz tridt stueck mach gere eben wan er dir versetz hat oder sünst an [65r.1] din messer hat gebünden helt er dan am messer sin ortt nicht gegen dem gesichtt oder bloß dines libes vnd lest den ortt nebent sich besitz vß gon vff eyn syten So wechsel im frelichen durch plibet er aber mit dem ortt gegen dem antluetz oder gegen den ploßen |So wechsell im nicht durch sünder plyb im messer vnd arbeytt im do mit zu der nesten ploß |So mag er dir nit noch reÿßer oder an setzen etc


[34v.3] Item eyn gutte ler daß dritt stuck merck gar eben da wenn er dir verseczt hat oder sunst an deyn messer hat gepunden hellt er den am messer seyn ort nicht [35r.1] gegen dem gesicht oder ploß deyneß leybß und lest den ort neben dir peseyt außgan uff dy seytten so wechsel ym kunlich durch pleybt er aber mit dem ort vor dem gesicht oder gegen den plössen so wechsel ym nicht durch sunder peleyb am messer und erbatt ym da mit zw der negsten plöß so mag er dir nich nach geraysen noch an seczen etc Sequitur textus


[202] If you want to strike long from the left from below
You should enjoy the changing through

Here the master teaches how one should change through in the Messer from long straight strokes from below from both sides and firstly to the left side. Notice, go to him with strokes from below from your left side, so that the right foot goes forwards and the left one follows the right and the feet come together while stepping. And strike the strokes from a straightened arm long. Thus, if you come in the Zufechten to him, do as if you wanted to shoot the point to his right side at the face, and “simultaneously” change through from below close at the hilt and thrust at his face to his left side.

If you want to strike long from the left from below
You should enjoy the changing through

Here the master teaches how one should change through in the Messer from long straight strokes from below from both sides and firstly from the left side, so that the right foot goes forwards and the left one follows the right and the feet come together while stepping. And strike the strokes from a straightened arm long. Thus, if you come in the Zufechten to him, do as if you wanted to shoot the point to his right side at the face, and “simultaneously” change through from below at the hilt and thrust at his face to his left side.

[65r.2] Wiltu linck lang vnter haulben
durch wechsel soltu dich freulben

|Hie leret der meinster durch wechsell man sol im messer vß langen geradnen vnter haulben von beiden siten zu vor vß von der lincken siten dz der recht fus fur ste vol ge zu im in vntter haulben vnd der linck dem rechten noch volget also dz die fus in schritten zu samen kümen vnd haulb die heulb vß gestrackten arm lanckg in So du dan im zu vechten zu im kümest |So thun glich als du im den ortt in wollest schissen zu siner rechten siten zu dem gesicht Indes wechsches vntten durch [65v.1] bÿ dem gehueltz vnd stich im in sin angesichtt vff siner lincken syten ~

[35r.2] Wiltu linck lanck unterhawen
Durchwechselß soltü dich frawen

Hye lert der meyster wye man durchwechsellen solt ym messer auß langen geraden unterhewen von payden seytten zw vor auß zw der lincken seytten Nota gee zw ym yn unterhewen von deyner lincken seytten daß der recht fuß vor gee und der linck dem rechten nachvolg alzo daß dy fuß yn schritten zw sammen kummen und haw dy hew außgerackten armen lanck eyn so dw den yn dem zw vechten czw ymb kumbst so thw geleich [35v.1] alz dw ym den ort wollest eyn schyssen zw seyner rechten seytten zw dem gesicht yndeß wechsel unten durch nohent bey dem gehulcz und stich ym yn seyn angesicht auff seyner lincken seytten etc

[203] From the left let shoot long to the right
Wind, thrust, it will annoy him

Here the master teaches a good element from the strokes from below announced before and says: From the left long, etc.

From the left let shoot long to the right
Wind, thrust, it will annoy him

Here the master teaches a good element from the strokes from below announced before and says: From the left long, etc.

[204]

You should understand it this way: go to him with a stroke from below from your left side to his right side with the straightened arm and with a twofold step as before, so that the thumb is above on the flat of the Messer and the blunt edge goes forwards. Then, if you come to the man, shoot the long point directly to his face, so that the thumb is above. If you have not hit him with the point, remain standing with the Messer and wind your Messer to your left side on his Messer, so that the short edge is above and the right edge is below. Then, step well to his right side with the left foot, and step well around him and thrust at his face. If you want, do “simultaneously” the doubling to his right side behind the blade of his Messer. You can hit him with it, but before you hit him you should do a double feint.


You should understand it this way: go to the man with the strokes from below from your left side to your right side with the straightened arm and with a twofold step as before, so that the thumb is above on the flat of the Messer and the blunt edge goes forwards. Then, if you come to the man, shoot the long point directly to his face, so that the thumb is above. If you have not hit him with the point, remain standing with the Messer and wind your Messer to your left side on his Messer, so that the short edge is below and the right edge is above. Then, step well to his right side with your left foot, and step well around him and thrust at his face. If you want, do the doubling to his right side behind the blade of his Messer. You may hit him with that.

[65v.3] dz stuck mach

|Daß stueck soltu also verstan ge vff den man mit vnter haulben von diner lincken siten zu siner rechten siten mit gestracktem arm vnd mit eynem zwieffachen drÿtt als for dz der thum oben ste vff der flech des messers vnd die stümpff schniden vor ge |So du dan zu dem man kümpt so schueß im den langen ortt gerad In zu dem gesicht dz aber der thüm oben sy hastü in dan mit dem ort nicht getroffen So blib also sten mit dem messer vnd winde din messer vff din lincke syten an sin messer dz die kurtz schnid vnten ste vnd die rechte oben vnd dritt wol vff sin rechte mit dim lincken fus schrit woll vmb in vnd stich im noch dem gesicht wiltu dan so magstu Indes dupliren zu siner rechten Hinder sins messers clingen auch machstu den treffer [66r.1] darin machen du solt aber vor dem treffer machen ein zwiffachen feller ~


[35v.3] daß soltu also verstan gee auff yn yn eynem unterhaw von deyner lincken seytten zw seyner rechten seytten mit gestracktem armen und mit eynem czwiuachen trit alz vor daß der dawm oben auff der flech lig deß messerß und dy stumpff schneyd for gee so dw dan zw dem man kumbst so scheuß ym den langen ort gerad eyn zw dem gesicht daß der dawm oben stee hastu yn dan mit dem ort nicht getroffen so pleyb alzo stan mit dem messer und wind deyn messer uff [36r.1] deyn lincke seytten gegen seynem messer daß dy kurcz schneyd oben stee und dy recht schneyd unden und trit wol auff seyn rechte seytten mit dem lincken fuß schreyt wol auff seyn rechte und stich ym zw dem gesicht wiltu den so mach yndeß daß dupliren zw seyner rechten seytten hinter seyneß messerß klyngen auch magstu den treffer dar eyn machen dw solt aber vor dem treffer machen eyn czwiuachen feler



[99v.16] das soltu also versteen gee auf den man mit vnderhewen von deiner l. s. mit gestrackten arm vnd Im zuüechten trit also vor dz der thume oben stee auf die schle fleche des messers vnd die stumpf schnid vor gee So du dan zu dem man kumest So schnid In mit dem langen ort gerad Im zu dem gesicht das aber der thům oben sey hastu In dan mit dem ort nit getroffen So pleyb mit dem ort sten mit dem mesß das die kurtz schnid vnden stee vnd rechten schnid obenn stee vnd drit wol auff seyn r. s. mit dem lincken fuß schrit wol vmb Im Indes duplieren zů s. r. s. hinder seinß messers klingen auch magstu den treffen dar In machen du [100r.1] solt aber den treffer machen ein triffach feller


[205]


Who can do the wheel
Is able to double the changing through

Here the master speaks about the element that is called the wheel and speaks: Who can do the wheel, etc.





[206]

You should understand it this way: if you want to do the wheel, strike at him from your right shoulder a direct driving stroke with the stretched arm and stand with the left foot forwards and go with the point above yourself so that the blunt edge is above. And let it go away from above from your right shoulder well behind yourself and again high from below, so that the point is always against the man. And do as if you wanted to shoot the point at his face to his left side and “simultaneously” go high with the point and change through to his right side at the face.

[36r.3] daß soltu alzo verstan wiltu daß rad machen so haw zw ym von deyner rechten achsel eyn geraden treybhaw mit gestracktem armen und stee mit dem lincken fuß fur und far mit dem ort [36v.1] ubersich daß dy stumpff schneyd oben stee und laß oben von deyner rechten achsel wol hyntersich abgen und von unten wyder auff alzo daß albeg der ort gegen dem man stee und thu sam dw ym den ort zw dem gesicht wollest schyssen zw seyner lincken seytten yndeß far auff mit dem ort zw seyner rechten seytten zw dem gesicht

[207]

Then, stand with your left foot forwards and do the wheel from your left side and step with your right foot forwards and with the left foot always follow the right one till you come to it. When you can reach him with the point, do as if you wanted to shoot the point from your left side to his right side and “simultaneously” let the point sway through down at his hilt and thrust at his face to his right side. Thus, you can also change through with the other strokes, as from the strokes from below, and driving strokes. The text follows.


Then, stand with your left foot forwards and do the wheel from your left side and step with your right foot forwards and with the left foot always follow the right one till you come to it. When you can reach him with the point, do as if you wanted to shoot the point from your left side to his right side and “simultaneously” let the point sway through down at his hilt and thrust at his face to his right side. Thus, you can also change through with the other strokes, as from the strokes from below, driving strokes, half-strokes and twofold strokes from below.

[66r.4] eyn ander stueck //

|Item |Ste mit dinem rechten fus fur Vnd mach dz rad von diner lincken siten vnd schrit mit dynem rechten fus fur vnd mit dem lincken [66v.1] alwegen dem rechten noch vntz du zu dem man kümpst |So du dan in errauechen magst mit dem ortt So thuen du als wollest den ort eyn schuessen von diner lincken syten zu siner rechten siten Indes loß den ort bÿ sinem gehultz vntten durch wueschen vnd stich im zu dem gesicht siner rechten syten also magstu auch mit dem andern haulben durch wechschell als vß den streich haulben vnd zwiffach vnter haulben



[208]

Twitch from the hits
Of the masters if you want to dupe them
If he wants to bind on you
Twitch quickly, so you will find him

Here the master says how one should twitch in the Messer and know that twitching is also one of the main elements and twitchings are numerous and various, and they are to be performed against the masters who bind firmly on the Messer with the displacement and also against those who remain standing “on the Messer” and wait whether one wants to get away from them. If you want to dupe and deceive such masters, do the twitching against him.


Twitch from the hits
Of the masters if you want to dupe them
If he wants to bind on you
Twitch quickly, so you will find him

Here the master says how one should twitch in the Messer and know that twitching is also one of the main elements and is numerous and various, and they are to be performed against the masters who bind firmly on the Messer and are strong in the displacement. If you want to dupe and deceive such masters, do the twitching against him.


[66v.2] Zueck die treffen
Die meinster wiltu sie effen
Wil er vff dich pinden
zueck schnel so wuerstu in vinden

|Hie saget der meinster wie man im messer zuecken sol Vnd wiß dz zuchcken ist auch der haupt stueck eins der ist auch vil vnd mancheleÿ vnd gehoertt zu triben vff die meinstern die starck an das messer pinden vnd starck in der versatzüng sin vnd auch gegen den die im messer stan plyben vnd warten ob man sich [67r.1] vor im wil ab zyehen oder verhaulben wiltu die selbigen meinster tueschen vnd effen |So mag die zuecken gegen im also




[209] Bind with the Entrüsthau on his Messer on his left side and “simultaneously” strike with the same stroke to his right side and as the Messers spark together, “simultaneously” twitch back with the arm and do a thrust from the stroke, and thrust in the twitching to his left side at the face.

Bind with the Entrüsthau on his Messer on his left side and “simultaneously” strike with the same stroke to his right side and as the Messers spark together, “simultaneously” twitch a little back with the arm and do a thrust from the stroke, and thrust in the twitching to his left side at the face.

[37r.2]  pynd mit dem entrusthaw gegen ym an seyn messer auff seyn lincke seytten yndeß haw mit dem selben haw zw seyner rechten seytten und wen dy messer zw sammen czkliczen yndeß [37v.1] czuck mit dem armen zw rück und mach außdem schlag eyn stich und stich ym czucken ym auff seyn lincke seytten zw dem gesicht

[210]

Then, if you want, let the Messer go through and strike at him again with the blunt or the sharp edge at his right side to the upper peak. And what the going through is, you will be taught afterwards.

[168r.3] wiltu dann so lasz den Duseggen. durchgeen. vnnd schlag Im wider ein mit der kurtzen oder scharpfen schneidin zu seiner Rechten seitten. auf die obern plosse. vnd was das /. [168v.1] durch geen ist. das wirstu hernach bericht Vnnd sich oben das du die durchgeen machest nach meinner Mainnung. wann ich die Im duseggen annderst bedeut dann Im schwert

[211]


Then, strike to him from the right side from above firmly to the head. If the goes to it and wants to displace, twitch your Messer to yourself before he binds on it and thrust at his other peak of the other side. Do it in all the hittings of the Messer.



[212]

Then, if he has bound on your Messer and stands against you on the Messer and waits whether you want to pull back, do as if you wanted to pull back and do as if you wanted to twitch, and remain on the Messer and twitch your Messer till the middle of the blade towards yourself. Then, thrust on the Messer again quickly at the face or chest.


Then, if he has bound on your Messer and stands against you and waits whether you want to pull back and [do] as if you wanted to twitch, and remain on the Messer and twitch your Messer till the middle of the blade towards yourself. Then, thrust on the Messer again quickly at the face or chest. And if you want to twitch, you always have to wind your Messer against his one, so that the long edge is above, as you have heard it before.

[67r.5] ein anders

|Item hat er an din messer gebünden vnd stat er dan gegen dir am messer vnd wartt ob du dich wellest ab ziehen |So thun als ob du dich [67v.1] Wellest ab ziehen vnd also du wellest zuecken vnd blib im messer vnd zueck din messer vntz an die mitt der clingen an dich vnd stich am messer wider in pald zu dem gesichtt oder brust |So du also wilt zucken |So müstu din messer alwegen winden gegen sinem dasz die lang schnid oben ste als du vor gehortt hast


[37v.4] Item hat er an deyn messer gepunden und stet er den gegen dir am messer und wart ob dw dich wollest abczyhen so thu alz dw dich wollest abczyhen und thu alz dw wollest czucken und pleyb am messer und czuck deyn [38r.1] messer uncz an dy mit der klingen an dich und stich am messer wyder eyn pald zw dem gesicht oder prust


[168v.3] Mer ain anders Zucken

Item hat er dir an dein Duseggen. gepvnden. vnnd steet daran still vnnd wart ob du dich wollest abziechen. so thu gleich als wollest. abziechen oder vom duseggen zuckhen / zuckh aber nit. sonder bleib dar= [169r.1] an stehen. vnnd zuckh dein duseggen. Mit der klinngen an dich. vnnd stich am duseggen wider bald ein zu dem gesicht oder prust. so du allso wildt zucken. so magstu dein duseggen allweg wennden gegen dem seinnen / das die lanng schneid oben stee. alls du vor gehort hast.

[213]

Then, if you do not hit him rightly with the thrust, work with the doubling or with other good elements.

[214]


Then, another twitching. If you stand in the Bastei and he strikes from above at you to your left side, step in a twofold manner to your right side out of the stroke and twitch your body out of the stroke. Then, strike at his upper opening and do not let yourself be bound on the Messer.



[215]


Then, if he strikes at you from the Luginsland and you also stand it in, twitch your Messer to yourself while he strikes and do not let him come on it. Instead, if he strikes from his right side to your left one, twitch your Messer to yourself and step to his right side with a twofold step and strike at his upper peaks. You can perform it on both sides.



[216]


Then, if he has bound you on the Messer on your left side and wants to strike around to the other peak, do not displace. Instead, strike to the other peak and step in a twofold manner away to his right side and strike at his neck or at his head.



[217]


Then, a quite good twitching. If you want to do it, do it this way: if you stand in the guard of the Luginsland and he has bound you on your Messer on your left side and wants to strike around to your right side, twitch your Messer towards yourself and raise the hilt to the head, so that the short edge is against you, and let the point go down to your left side. Then, set the point in his throat or chest and push him with it backwards.



[218]

If the gate stands open
Go into it in the feint with the point

Here the master teaches how one should work with the point and how to twitch in the feints, and speaks: If stands open, etc. You should understand it this way: go crosswise close to the man to his left side and do as if you wanted to strike to his right side. Go over your head so that you come above the middle of your head so that the point comes out backwards and the hilt is against the man. Then, strike again to his left side, and as you surely come to his left side to the Messer, do not strike to his Messer so that you hit it. Instead, do as if you wanted to hit it and “simultaneously” twitch your Messer close at his crosspiece towards yourself, and thrust at his face to his right side, so that the short edge is below and the thumb lies on the flat.

[219]

Strike your flat to the Luginsland
Twitch the point through to the hand
If he has displaced the thrust
Fall simultaneously in a twofold manner and he will be wounded

The sense or the meaning of the text you should understand this way: if he stands in the guard of the Luginsland, strike from your right shoulder with the flat against his Messer, so that the long edge is against you. And as you strike, step with your right foot well to his right side to his right foot and strike equally to his Messer. And as the Messers are surely to spark together, “simultaneously” twitch your Messer to yourself with the hilt against your left side, and thrust the point firmly with no displacement rudely at his face to his right side.

[67v.2] Haulb din flech zuem lueginßlant
Durch zuck den ort zuehant
Hat er den stiech versetz
Indes fell zwiffach er wurt geletz

|Die meÿnüng des text |Soltu also verstan Stat er in der hut lüginßlant So haulb von diner rechten siten oder achschell mit der flech gegen sinem messer dz die lang schnid gegen dir ste vnd im haulb so schrit mit dinem rechten fus woll vff sin rechten siten zu sinem rechten fus vnd haulb glich zu sinem messer vnd so die messer schier zu samen glitzen Indes zueck din messer an dich mit [68r.1] gehultz gegen diner lincken siten vnd stich im den ortt strack an alle versatzüng grob zu dem gesicht siner rechten siten

[38v.3] Haw deyn flech zum luginslandt
Durchzuck den ort zw handt

[39r.1] Hat er den stich verseczt
Yndeß fel czwiuach er wirt geleczt

Daß solt dw alzo verstan stet er yn der hut luginslandt so haw von deyner rechten achseln mit der flecht gegen seynem messer daß dy lang schneyd gegen dir stee und ym haw so schreyt mit deynem rechten fuß wol auff seyn rechte seytten zw seynem rechten fuß und haw gleich zw seynem messer und so dy messer schir zw sammen wellen kliczen yndeß czuck deyn messer an dich mit dem gehulcz gegen deyner lincken seytten und stich ym den ort starck und grob zw dem gesicht seyner rechten seytten

[220]

And make sure that you step after your left foot with your right foot as you thrust, so that the step is twofold.

[221]


Then, whether you have hit him with the thrust or not, wind after the thrust “simultaneously” to your left side, so that the thumb is below on the Messer and the long edge is turned against the man. And go with your Messer over the middle of your head to your right side and do as if you wanted to strike at his left side. “Simultaneously” go again to his right side and “simultaneously” go again high with the Messer so that the thumb is below. And step with your right foot well to his right one and strike again at him to the same side behind the blade of his Messer, with the short edge to his face. And step well with your left foot behind his right one and strike at his neck. “Simultaneously,” if you want, you can hit him.


[39r.3] Item hastu yn mit dem stich getroffen oder nicht so wynd nach dem stich yndeß auff deyn lincke seytten daß der dawm an dem messer unten sey und dy [39v.1] lang schneyd sey gegen dem man gekert und far mit deynem messer uber dy mit deyneß haubcz zw deyner rechten seytten und thu samb dw ym zw seyner lincken seytten schlagen wollest yndeß schlag ym wyder zw seyner rechten seytten yndeß far wyder auff mit dem messer daß der dawm aber unten sey und schreyt aber mit deynem rechten fuß woll auff seyn rechten und schlag ym wyder eyn zw der selben seytten hynter seyneß messerß klingen dy kurcz schneyd ym yn daß angesicht und schreyt aber mer mit deynem lincken fuß woll hynter seynem rechten und schlag yn yn den nack wiltu denn so magstu den treffer dar eyn auch machen etc



[222]

If he is strong
Run through primarily
You should approach to the hands and the arms
And wait cleverly the grabbing
You should observe the limbs
You should reach for knee-bending

Here the master speaks about a main element, that is about the running through and how one should run through the other.


If he is strong
Run through primarily
You should approach to the hands and the arms
And wait cleverly the grabbing
You should observe the limbs
You should reach for knee-bending

Here the propagator of the art speaks about a main element, that is about the running through and how one should run through the other.



[39v.2] Ob er starck ist
Dürchlaüff zw aller frist
Der handt und armen soltü nahen

[40r.1] Und weyslich wart deß vahen
Der glyder solt war nemen
Der knyepueg soltu dich remen

Hye sagt der meyster aber von eynem haübtstuck alz von dem dürchlaüffen und wye man den man dürchlauffen söl



[223] Now notice that the running through and hand-to-hand combat belong against the masters who rush in eagerly and are high with the arms and displacement, and want to push you over with force.

Now notice that the running through and hand-to-hand combat is to be performed against the masters who rush in eagerly and are high with the arms and displacement, and want to push you over with force.

[224] Now, do the running through this way: if he strikes against you with an upper stroke, strike also together with him the Entrüsthau closely, so that the hands touch surely on each other, and “simultaneously” grab with your left hand behind his elbow on the outside and push him from you to his left side. “Simultaneously” drop your Messer and grab with your right hand or arm on the outside at his right knee-bending and lift him up and throw him away from you.

Then, do the running through this way: if he strikes against you with an upper stroke, strike also together with him the Entrüsthau close to him, so that the hands touch surely on each other, and “simultaneously“ grab with your left hand behind his elbow on the outside and push him from you to his left side. “Simultaneously” drop your Messer and grab with your right hand or arm on the outside at his right knee-bending and lift him up and throw him in front of you.

[40r.3] nw dy dürchlaffen mach also hawt er gegen dir mit eynem oberhaw so haw auch gleych mit ym eyn den entrusthaw nohent daß schir dy hend an eyn ander rüeren yndeß greüff mit deynem lincken hand hynter seynen ölpogen aüßbendigß und scheüb yn von dir auff seyn lincke seytten yndeß laß deyn messer fallen und greuff mit deyner rechten hand oder armen außbendigß yn seyn rechte knyepueg [40v.1] heb yn auff und wirff yn von dir etc

[225]


Then, if you both have bound, grab his right hand with your left one and raise with it high, and come to help your left hand with your right hand. Then, turn with your back against him and break his arm over your right shoulder with both hands.




[226]

Then, if you both have bound as before, grab with your right hand at his right one and come to help your right hand with your left hand forwards at the joint, and turn your left shoulder against his right arm. Then, raise it high above it and break his arm over your left shoulder. And take care that the elbow comes always on the shoulder, and do it as it is depicted below.

[227]


Then, if he has run into you and you against him, grab his right hand with your left one on the inside and turn it from you. Then, raise his arm well high and “simultaneously” run with the head through his arm to his right side, and put his right arm with your left hand on the neck and over your left shoulder. Then, rise well high with the neck and with the shoulders and break his arm firmly over it.



[228]


Then, another element: if he has run into you and you have also done so, grab his right hand with your left one and lift his arm well above you. Then, go with the head through the arm and grab with your right hand at his right knee-bending, and lift him up with the shoulders. Then, grab with your right hand in his right knee-bending and lift him up at the leg and throw him over the back.


[40v.4] Item eyn anderß stuck hat er dir eyn geloffen und dw ym auch so pegreuff [41r.1] seyn rechte handt mit deyner lincken und heb ym seyn armen wol ubersich und gee mit dem haubt dürch den armen und greuff mit der rechten handt yn seyn rechte knyepug und heb yn mit den schultren und pey den payn aüff und wirff yn uber den ruck auff den kopff


[229]


Then, an element: grab with your left hand in his right one and turn it from you to your left side. Then, step with your right foot behind his right one and grab with your right hand from the front around his body and throw him forwards over the hip of your right leg.



[230]

Then, another element: if he runs into you with the stretched arm and you do against him, run him through with the head through his right shoulder under his right arm on his right side, and step with your right foot in front of his right one. Then, go with your right arm under his right one and around his body from behind and lower your stance a bit, and grab him on your right hip and throw him behind yourself.


[41r.3] Item eyn anderß stuck wenn er dir eyn laüfft mit auff geracktem armen und dw ym wyder so lauff ym durch mit dem haubt unter seyn rechten armen zw seyner rechten seytten und schreyt mit dem rechten fuß voren fur seynen rechten und far ym mit dem rechten armen unter seyn rechten armen [41v.1] durch hynten umb seyn leyb und senck dich eyn benig nyder und faß yn auff deyn rechte hüff und wirff yn hynterdich etc


[231]


Then, if one runs into you to your right side and is high with the arms, and you are also, hold your Messer at his one and go with the hilt over his right hand and turn yourself to him with your left side towards his right one. And leap with your left foot in front of his right one and go with the arm well around his body from behind, and lower your stance a bit. Then, catch him on your left hip and throw him forwards on his face. Or, let him fall on your Messer, as you certainly know.

[69v.3] ein anders

|Item laüfft dir eyner eyn zu diner rechten siten vnd ist hoch mit dem arm vnd du auch so halt din messer zu dem seynen vnd far im mit dem gehultz vber sin rechte hant vnd wind dich an In mit diner lincken siten an sin rechte vnd spring mit dem lincken fus fur sin rechten vnd far mit dem arm wol hinten vmb [70r.1] sin lib vnd senck dich ein wenig nider vnd fas in vff din lincke huefft vnd wurff in fur dich vff sin antzlutz oder laß in In din messer fallen als du woll weÿst ~



[232]

Then, if he is too strong for you, so that you cannot throw him easily over your hip, go with the hilt of your Messer firmly on the nape of his neck and pull with it to your right side, so that you throw him certainly.

[233]


Then, if one runs into you and holds his Messer and his arms low, grab with your left turned hand in his right one on the inside and leap with your right foot behind his right one. Then, go with your right hand from the front around his neck and throw him over the right hip.


[41v.3] Item wenn er dir eyn laüffet und helt seyn messer nyder und dy hand so greuff mit deyner lincken verkerten hand seyn rechte ynbendig und spring mit dem rechten fuß hynter seynen rechten und far mit dem rechten armen voren umb den halz und wirff yn alzo uber [42r.1] dy rechten huff etc


[234]

Then, if you have grabbed him on the outside at his right arm with your right hand, pull his right one firmly with your right one, and go with the left hand around his neck on the outside and throw him over your left leg or hip.

[235]

Then, if one runs into you on the Messer and holds his hand low, go with your hilt on the outside up over his arm over the right hand, and press with it firmly down. Then, pull it well to your chest and grab him with the left hand at his right elbow and leap with the left foot in front of his right one and push him over it.

[236]

Then, go to him as before and push him with your left hand to his left side on his right arm and go with your right hand “simultaneously” behind his right elbow and push him well to his left side. Then, go with your left hand on the inside to his right knee-bending and step with your left foot in front of his left one and throw him in front of you.

[237]

Then, the text speaks: The joints you should, etc. If you come to him in the Zufechten, fall with the left hand on the inside from above over his Messer and grab “simultaneously” with your left hand down to your Messer in the middle of it. Then, go firmly with your Messer on his one on the outside, and leap with the entire body “simultaneously” to his left side, in this way you take his Messer.

[42r.4] Item der text spricht der glider etc daß soltu alzo verstan wenn dw zw ym kümbst ym zwvechten und er zw dir so fall ym mit der lincken handt [42v.1] ynbendigs oben uber seyn messer und greuff mit deyner lincken hand unten an deyn messer yn dy mit deyneß messerß und far starck mit deynem messer an seyn messer und spring mit ganczem leibn yndeß auff deyn lincke seytten so nymbstu ym daß messer

[238]

Then, go on him as before and go with your left arm over his Messer. “Simultaneously” go with your left hand in the middle of your Messer and let the point go out on your left side. Then, go from inside with the hilt on his hand and leap to your left side, in that way you take his Messer.

[239]

Then, if he strikes at you, leap with the bowing under his Messer and grab with your left hand over his Messer. Then, grab “simultaneously” your Messer with your left hand in the middle, and raise the point to his right side, and press into his wrist of his right hand with the sharp edge, in that way he has to drop the Messer.

[240]

Then, do him as before: fall over his right arm and come to help the right hand in the reach as before, and go with the front part of the Messer between his and the Messer on the inside and press firmly, in that way you take his Messer. This way you should work in the joints of the arm and the hand.

[42v.3] Item thue ym alz vor fall ym uber seyn rechte armen und kumb der rechten zw hilff yn maß alz vor und far mit dem fodren teyl deß messerß czwischen seyn hand und messer und druck fast so nymbstu ym aber daß messer [43r.1] alzo soltu erbaytten yn dy glider deß armens und der handt etc

[241]

Then, you can also cut with the point of the Messer on the inside into his palm.

[242] Then, a Messer-taking. Do him as before: if you have come with the left hand to help your Messer, go down with the pommel or the hilt from on his right side on the inside above over the hand to the joint and pull firmly to your right side, in that way you take his Messer.

Then, a Messer-taking. Do him as before: if you have come with the left hand to help your Messer, go down with the hilt, go through below to his right side, and on the outside go up over his right hand and pull firmly to your right side, in that way you take his Messer again.

[243]

Then, go to the man as before and go over his Messer with your left hand and fall in the middle of your Messer as before. Then, go with the hilt on the inside over his hand and pull to your right side.

[244]

Then, strike the Entrüsthau at his right side, and “simultaneously” fall with the armed hand to the same side, and go with your hilt up over his arm. Then, go outside over his arm and wind his hand with your hilt firmly to his right side above, in that way you take his Messer