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Gladiatoria (MS KK5013)
|MS KK5013, Kunsthistorisches Museum|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Size||56 folia (185 mm × 195 mm)|
|Format||Double-sided; one illustration per side, |
with text below
|Exemplar(s)||MS U860.F46 1450 (1430s)|
|Previously kept||Carl Schruff (1570)|
The MS KK5013 is a German fencing manual probably created in the 1430s. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria. The MS KK5013 is part of the Gladiatoria group, a series of several German manuscripts from the 15th century that share the same art style and cover the same material, and it seems to have created in the same workshop as the New Haven version (GN).
The core of the Gladiatoria group is a series of armored fencing pieces following the traditional progression of a judicial duel: beginning with spears and small shields called ecranches, moving to swords, then employing daggers on foot and on the ground. (Traditional dueling would often begin on horseback before going to foot combat, and the ecranche is designed for mounted fighting, but Gladiatoria seems to skip that stage entirely.) The Gladiatoria manuals are interesting texts in that they seem to be contemporary with the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, but not directly influenced by it.
|1r - 6r||Spear in armor from Gladiatoria|
|6v - 31r||Sword in armor from Gladiatoria|
|31v - 49v||Dagger in armor from Gladiatoria|
|53r - 56v||Wrestling from Gladiatoria|
Images hosted by WikiMedia Commons.
The following is a list of publications containing scans, transcriptions, and translations relevant to this article, as well as published peer-reviewed research.
- Hils, Hans-Peter (1987). "Gladiatoria: Über drei Fechthandschriften aus der ersten Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts." Codices manuscripti & impressi 13: 1-54.
- Walczak, Bartłomiej (2008). "Judicial Armoured Dagger Combat of Gladiatoria and KK 5013." Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts: 173-196. Ed. by John Clements. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3.
- The date is based on the style of armor used in the illustrations.
Copyright and License Summary
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.
|Images (Vienna Version)||Kunsthistorisches Museum||WikiMedia Commons|
|Vienna Version||Carsten Lorbeer||Index:Gladiatoria (MS KK5013)|