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Difference between revisions of "Paride del Pozzo"

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| <p>'''The fourth book begins, in which is treated the selection of armaments. Chapter 1.'''</p>
<p>In the first chapter of the present book, it is written whether the weapons of those who are challenged by pledge of battle should follow the covenant of engagement signed between them (such as lance, sword, dagger, iron-shod mace, or whichever other arms, according to the decision that they should fight). Or it is lawful for each of them to carry, apart from the appointed weapons, other small arms such as knives and stilettos, with which they might prevail if necessary despite not being named or covenanted between them. And similarly, in battle on foot one may bring long weapons and also short weapons (such as bodkins and spikes and similar instruments of battle).</p>
<p>However, some are wont to measure the weapons, and others do not care if they be equal. But when the battle is made to the death, every manner of weapon may be carried even if it be not specified in the covenant. And in the case that the challenged had not made a choice of weapons, it will be left to each of the two to carry the weapons that they want for the battle. Because Emperor Federico described in the constitution of the Kingdom of Sicily that the weapons be equal. However, by common custom whichever of them wishes may use whichever weapon seems best (not contravening the pact and covenant between them).</p>
<p>And as it is narrated about one of our Neapolitans who, lightly armed, made to carry into the list a certain quantity of smooth, round, and small rocks to cast by hand, which so injured his enemy and in this manner offended him that after the first throws he was overthrown and defeated, just as did the king David to the giant Goliath, who he killed with stones.</p>
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{{section|Page:De duello, vel De re militari in singulari certamine (Paride del Pozzo) 1476.pdf/110|2|lbl=48r|p=1}} {{section|Page:De duello, vel De re militari in singulari certamine (Paride del Pozzo) 1476.pdf/111|1|lbl=48v|p=1}}

Revision as of 19:42, 15 June 2018

Paride del Pozzo
Also known as Paridis de Puteo
Born 1410
Died 1493
Resting place Chiesa d'Sant Agostino
Occupation Jurist
Citizenship Neapolitan
Alma mater University of Naples
Patron Alfonso V of Aragon
Influenced Achilles Marozzo
Genres Legal treatise
Notable work(s) De duello (1476)

Paride del Pozzo (called il Puteo; Latin: Paridis or Paris de Puteo) (1410-1493) was 15th century Italian jurist. He was born in Pimonte in the Duchy of Amalfi, from a family of Piedmontese origin.[1] He moved to Napoli early in life, where he began his study of the law; he went on to study at universities in Roma, Bologna, Firenze, and Perugia. Upon his return to Napoli, he entered the service of Alfonso V of Aragon ("the Magnanimous"), king of Napoli, and served in positions including General Auditor and General Inquisitor.

Later in his career, Pozzo wrote and published various legal treatises; perhaps owing to their position at the very beginning of the history of printing, they were reprinted many times over the subsequent century. In 1472-73, he published De syndicatu officialium, a treatise on forensic evidence. He followed this in 1476-77 with De duello, vel De re militari in singulari certamine ("On the Duel, or On Military Matters in Single Combat"). This treatise is particularly important due to its detailed descriptions of dueling laws and customs, which help establish the context of 15th century fighting systems, and also of incidents from specific historical duels, which shed light on how fighting looked in practice.

Pozzo died in 1493 and was buried in the Chiesa d'Sant Agostino in Napoli.


Additional Resources


  1. According to Pietro Giannone, the family was originally from Alexandria, forced to continue moving due to political struggles.
  2. It: sententiousness