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Paradoxes of Defence (Additional MS 34192)

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Paradoxes of Defence
Additional MS 34192, British Library
London, United Kingdom
Additional MS 34192 1r.jpg
Type Fencing manual
Date 1599
Place of origin London, England
Language(s) English
Author(s) George Silver
Dedicated to Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
Material Paper
Size 47 folia
Format Double-sided
External data Library catalog
Treatise scans B&W facsimile

Paradoxes of Defence (Additional MS 34192) is an English fencing manual written in 1599 by George Silver.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the British Library in London, United Kingdom. This is the presentation copy of Silver's famous work Paradoxes of Defence.


The known provenance of the Additional MS 34192 is:

  • Written in 1599 for Lord Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex.
  • before 1892 – owned by Edwin H. Lawrence (sold at auction, London, 1892)
  • 1892-present – held by the British Library


As this manuscript is not currently available for direct study and Matthey's edition does not give folio information, this table of contents cannot be completed at this time.

Dedication To the Right Honorable Robert, Earle of Essex
An Admonition to the Noble, Ancient, Victorious, Valiant, and Most Brave Nation of Englishmen
Issues with claimed Swordmasters
The Acquisition of Skill
The Principles of Fighting
Of Weapons and Vantages
Questions and Answers between the Scholar and the Master
Of Skilled Men and Valiant Men
Of Rapiers and Poniards
A Brief Note on Three Italian Teachers of Offense


Additional Resources


  1. Silver, George. The Works of George Silver. Ed. Cyril G. R. Matthey. London: George Bell and Sons, 1898.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Public Domain.png
Transcription Index:Paradoxes of Defence (Additional MS 34192)