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Modus Dimicandi (MS G.B.f.18a)

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MS G.B.f.18a
Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena
Jena, Germany
MS G.B.f.18a 123v.png
Folio 123v
Type Fencing manual
Date 1416 - 1444
Place of origin Erfurt, Germany
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s) H. Beringer
Material Paper
Size 156 folia (210 mm × 305 mm)
Format Double-sided; two columns of text
Identified Jay Acutt, 2012
External data Library catalog entry
Treatise scans Digital scan (1800x2800)

The MS G.B.f.18a (sometimes called the Beringer Manuscript) is a German manuscript miscellanea, probably created between 1416 and 1444.[1] It currently rests in the holdings of the Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena in Jena, Germany. It contains a statement of the Recital commonly attributed to Johannes Liechtenauer; in this manuscript, the recital is attributed to an H. Beringer and arranged quite differently from other renderings (apart from the manuscript of Hans Folz).[2] Given the uncertainty surrounding the MS 3227a (N), this manuscript could be considered the earliest known text related to the Liechtenauer tradition.[1]


The known provenance of MS G.B.f.18a is:[3]

  • Dialect is East Central German with Low German influence, suggesting a region of origin
  • 1783 - listed as No. 183a-c in the catalog of the Erfurt Benedictine Monastery St. Peter and Paulas
  • 1836 - auctioned at the auction of the library of Friedrich Gottlob Julius von Bülow, collegiate council in Beyernaumburg east of Sangerhausen in Saxony-Anhalt
  • 1853 - listed as No. 10 in Wolfgang Maximilian von Goethe's list of possessions (Vienna); passed into the collection of the Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena


1ra - 28vb Tituli Utriusque Juris ("Chapters on Law")
29ra - 32ra Tabula alphabetica Epitomae Exactis regibus, Expositionum titulorum Decretalium et vocabulariorim iuris ("Alphabetical index epitomising the reigns of Kings, Expositions of Distinguishing Titles and legal vocabulary")
32va - 53rb Epitome Exactis Regibus. Exactis a Romana civitate regibus constituti sunt consules duo... - ... quod supervacuum est provectis et tantum de isto etc. Et sic est finis.
53va - 56ra Expositiones titulorum Decretalium ("Explanation of Distinguishing Titles")
56ra - 72vb Vocabularii iuris ("Dictionary of Legal terminology")
66ra - 72vb De significationibus anni ("On Significant Dates")
73ra - 121vb Margarita decreti by Martinus Oppaviensis
122ra - va Experimenta by Nicolaüs de Polonia
122vb Pfeilbeschwörung ("Blessings of Arrows)
122vb - 123rb Armbrusttraktat ("Archery/Crossbow Treatise")
123va - vb Fechtlehre ("Fight-lore") by H. Beringer
123vb - 124ra Ausfahrtsfegen gegen den Plötzlichen Tod ("Preventions against sudden death")
124ra Beschwörung gegen Hautkrankenheiten ("Blessings against diseases of the flesh")
124ra - 124va Pulverrezepte ("Gunpowder recipes")
124va - 125ra Losbuch ("Book of Divination")
125ra - 125vb Recepta contra infirmitates mulierum ("Recipes to counter Female infirmities")
125vb - 126rb Recepta diversa ("Various Recipes")
126rb - va Recepta de cura plantarum ("Sixteen instructions on the germination and care of crops, mainly concerning trees.
126r Beschwörung der Wünschelrute ("On the bottom is a Divination incantation")
l26va - vb Orakel zur Wahrheitsfidung ("Oracle of Truth")
127ra - 150va Expositio septem psalmorum paenitentialium ("The explanation of the seven psalms of penance")
150vb De legitimis heredibus ("On lawful inheritance")
156va Regulae recte vivendi


Folio 122v
MS G.B.f.18a 122v.png
Folio 123r
MS G.B.f.18a 123r.png
Folio 123v
MS G.B.f.18a 123v.png

Additional Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jens P. Kleinau. "1418 Modus Dimicandi Magistri H. Beringois of the Ms. G.B.f.18.a". Hans Talhoffer ~ A Historical Martial Arts blog by Jens P. Kleinau, 09 July 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  2. Jay Acutt. "Magister H. Beringois: An investigation into ThULB Jena: Ms.G.B.f.18a (Bl. 123va-b)". Chivalry. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  3. According to the library catalog.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena DFG-Viewer
Transcription Jay Acutt Index:Modus Dimicandi (MS G.B.f.18a)