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The '''''Twerhaw''''' (''Twerchaw'', ''Twirhaw'', ''Twirchhaw'', ''Zwerhaw'', ''Zwerchhaw''; "Thwarting Hew" or "Crosswise Hew") is one of the several [[hidden strike]]s mentioned in [[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s Record of unarmored [[longsword]] fencing.
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The '''''Twerhaw''''' (''Twerchaw'', ''Twirhaw'', ''Twirchhaw'', ''Zwerhaw'', ''Zwerchhaw''; "Thwarting Hew" or "Crosswise Hew") is one of the several [[hidden strike]]s mentioned in [[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s Recital on unarmored [[long sword]] fencing.
  
 
== Primary Sources ==
 
== Primary Sources ==
  
 
{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s Record (1300s)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s Recital (1300s)</span>
 
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
 
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Codex Döbringer (MS 3227a)|Anonymous Gloss]] of the Record I (ca. 1389)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Codex Döbringer (MS 3227a)|Anonymous Gloss]] of the Recital I (ca. 1389)</span>
 
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
 
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Pseudo-Peter von Danzig]]'s Gloss of the Record (before 1452)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Pseudo-Peter von Danzig]]'s Gloss of the Recital (before 1452)</span>
 
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}}
 
}}
 
{{#lst: Pseudo-Peter von Danzig | credits1 }}
 
{{#lst: Pseudo-Peter von Danzig | credits1 }}
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck]]'s Gloss of the Record (before 1508)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck]]'s Gloss of the Recital (before 1508)</span>
 
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Peter Falkner]]'s Illustrations of the Record (ca. 1495)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Peter Falkner]]'s Illustrations of the Recital (ca. 1495)</span>
 
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Martin Syber]]'s New Record (before 1491)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Martin Syber]]'s New Recital (before 1491)</span>
 
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
 
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Andre Paurñfeyndt]]'s Treatise (1516)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Andre Paurenfeyndt]]'s Treatise (1516)</span>
 
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}}
 
}}
{{#lst: Andre Paurñfeyndt | credits3 }}
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{{#lst: Andre Paurenfeyndt | credits3 }}
{{#lst: Andre Paurñfeyndt | Twerhaw }}
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{{#lst: Andre Paurenfeyndt | Twerhaw }}
 
|}
 
|}
 
{{hidden end}}
 
{{hidden end}}
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{{hidden begin
 
{{hidden begin
| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Jobst von Württemberg]]'s Record (before 1533)</span>
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| title    = <span style="font-size:130%;">[[Jobst von Württemberg]]'s Recital (before 1533)</span>
 
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
 
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== Video Interpretations ==
 
== Video Interpretations ==
  
<div style="float:left;">
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<div style="float:left; margin:0 1em 1em 0;">
{{#evp:youtube|ln94E9AGYTc|Anton Kohutovič, Gesellschaft Lichtenawers|left}}
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{{#widget:YouTube|id=ln94E9AGYTc}}
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<p>Anton Kohutovič, Gesellschaft Lichtenawers</p>
 
</div>
 
</div>
<div style="float:left;">
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<div style="float:left; margin:0 1em 1em 0;">
{{#evp:youtube|DO51JG3bdnE|Eric White, New Jersey Historical Fencing Association|left}}
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{{#widget:YouTube|id=DO51JG3bdnE}}
 +
<p>Eric White, New Jersey Historical Fencing Association</p>
 
</div>
 
</div>
<div style="float:left;">
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<div style="float:left; margin:0 1em 1em 0;">
{{#evp:youtube|a_zyA1ln7vA|Hugh Knight, Die Schlachtschule|left}}
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{{#widget:YouTube|id=a_zyA1ln7vA}}
 +
<p>Hugh Knight, Die Schlachtschule</p>
 
</div>
 
</div>
<div style="float:left;">
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<div style="float:left; margin:0 1em 1em 0;">
{{#evp:youtube|JLO7rFkyseo|Philippe Willaume, School of Traditional Medieval Fencing|left}}
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{{#widget:YouTube|id=JLO7rFkyseo}}
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<p>Philippe Willaume, School of Traditional Medieval Fencing</p>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
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[[Category:Hauptstucke]]
 
[[Category:Hauptstucke]]
 
[[Category:Vier Versetzen]]
 
[[Category:Vier Versetzen]]
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[[Category:German_Strikes_(Meyer)]]

Latest revision as of 05:22, 8 July 2021

The Twerhaw (Twerchaw, Twirhaw, Twirchhaw, Zwerhaw, Zwerchhaw; "Thwarting Hew" or "Crosswise Hew") is one of the several hidden strikes mentioned in Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital on unarmored long sword fencing.

Primary Sources

Video Interpretations

Anton Kohutovič, Gesellschaft Lichtenawers

Eric White, New Jersey Historical Fencing Association

Hugh Knight, Die Schlachtschule

Philippe Willaume, School of Traditional Medieval Fencing

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Corrected from »Twir«.
  2. haust
  3. The page is clipped. only 'hew' remains. This manuscript spells 'haupte' as 'hewpte'
  4. twer: noun: something that gets in the way, something that cuts across something else, something that crosses. verb: to twist, to twirl, to turn obliquely in relation to something
  5. "Hew" is inserted in the margin.
  6. alt: directly, immediately
  7. "and binds strongly on your sword therewith" omitted from the Kraków.
  8. "Stand with… shoulder, and" omitted from the Dresden.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named word-d
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named clause-d
  11. D. "thwart".
  12. 12.0 12.1 Alternately, wiederhalten: to struggle or resist.
  13. Word omitted from the Glasgow, the Rostock, and the Salzburg.
  14. "Or otherwise" omitted from the Salzburg.
  15. "-Cut" omitted from the Dresden, the Glasgow, and the Rostock.
  16. Clause omitted from the Dresden; struck out in the Rostock.
  17. Clause omitted from the Dresden and the Rostock.
  18. Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29), f 21v
  19. R. "wind".
  20. "With the over-hew" omitted from the Glasgow.
  21. R. unternn: "lower".
  22. "Next to" omitted from the Rostock.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named the-d
  24. Glasgow adds albeg: "always, continually".
  25. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named line-d
  26. G. "Guard yourself displacing crossed in front".
  27. D. instead continues "that the four displacings, they are the four hews".
  28. Setzen", possibly a shortening of versetzen, "displaces".
  29. 29.0 29.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named word-g
  30. D. "oxen".
  31. S. other.
  32. "they allow the... do not parry" omitted from the Dresden and Glasgow.
  33. S. Item
  34. R. "This is when one displaces your over-hew"; S. "If your over-hew is parried and it comes nearing upon him".
  35. D. "in front of".
  36. G., S. versetzte: "shifted, misplaced, displaced, parried".
  37. Word omitted from the Dresden, the Glasgow, and the Rostock.
  38. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named clause-drs
  39. 39.0 39.1 Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29), f 31r
  40. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named word-dg
  41. "And wrench… his below" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  42. "The head" omitted from the Salzburg.
  43. Clause omitted from the Dresden and the Salzburg.
  44. S. "also".
  45. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named di-d
  46. G. mit dem schwert: "with the sword".
  47. D. "grasp with the sword".
  48. G. magst: "may".
  49. G. "the".
  50. Leger - guards
  51. Versetzen - parrying