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Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS 1825)
|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch|
|MS 1825, Biblioteca Universitaria di Bologna|
|Date||1460 - 1480|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Dedicated to||Ludwig IX "the Rich"|
|Size||44 folia (92 mm × 87 mm)|
|Format||Double-sided; one illustration per side|
|Exemplar(s)||Cgm 1507 (ca. 1470)|
The MS 1825 is a German fencing manual created by Paulus Kal in the latter part of the fifteenth century, probably between 1460 and 1480. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Biblioteca Universitaria di Bologna in Bologna, Italy. It is dedicated to Ludwig IV "the Rich" of Wittelsbach (1417-1479), Duke of Bavaria-Landshut.
Kal's writings (exemplified in the Cgm 1507 consist of a redaction of some of the teachings of Johannes Liechtenauer on mounted fencing, armored fencing, and unarmored fencing, as well as Kal's own teachings on a variety of other weapons. It differs from the works of other followers of Liechtenauer in that instead of offering extensive glosses of the high master's verse, Kal relies on detailed illustrations. Apart from the preface, this manuscript does not contain any of the text included in the contemporary Cgm 1507, suggesting that it may be an incomplete copy of the other.
|2r - 6r||Preface by Paulus Kal|
|6v - 8v||Illustrations of mounted fencing from Paulus Kal|
|9r - 14v||Illustrations of armored fencing from Paulus Kal|
|15r - 17r||Illustrations of Sword and Buckler from Paulus Kal|
|18r - 24v||Illustrations of Bloßfechten from Paulus Kal|
|25r - 26v||Illustrations of Messer from Paulus Kal|
|27v - 30r||Illustrations of Dagger from Paulus Kal|
|31r - 44r||Illustrations of Grappling from Paulus Kal|
|45rv||Long sword by Johannes Liechtenauer (fragment)|
- Leng (2008) dates it to the second half of the fifteenth century but does not attempt to narrow it down further; Christian Tobler suggested a date closer to 1480 based on the style of the armor in a private communication.
- According to folio 2r
Copyright and License Summary
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.
|Images||Biblioteca Universitaria di Bologna||HROARR.com|
|Transcription||Dierk Hagedorn||Index:Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS 1825)|