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| style="min-width:55%; text-align:center;" | <h1 style="padding:0.2em; margin-bottom:0.1em; font-size:175%; font-family:sans-serif;">Welcome&nbsp;to&nbsp;the&nbsp;Wiktenauer!</h1>The free library of [[Historical European Martial Arts]] books and manuscripts
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| style="font-size:90%; line-height:110%;" | ''Without books no one can be a good teacher nor even a good student of this art.''<br/ style="margin-bottom:0.5em;"><span style="margin-left:2em;">~ Master [[Fiore de'i Liberi]], ca. 1405</span>
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| style="width:51%; text-align:center;" | <h1 style="padding:0.2em; margin-bottom:0.2em; font-size:175%; font-family:sans-serif;">Welcome&nbsp;to&nbsp;the&nbsp;Wiktenauer!</h1>The free library of [[Historical European Martial Arts]] books and manuscripts
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''Without books no one can be a good teacher nor even a good student of this art.''<br/ style="margin-bottom:0.5em;"><span style="margin-left:1em;">~ Master [[Fiore de'i Liberi|Fiore Furlano de’i Liberi]], ca. 1405</span>
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                FIRST COLUMN
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! style="padding:2px;" | <h3 style="margin:3px; background:#cedff2; border:1px solid #a3b0bf; text-align:left; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Announcements</h3>
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''From our sister site [http://www.hroarr.com/hema-scholar-awards/hema-scholar-awards-2014/ HROARR]:''
| title      = Announcements
| content    = {{#lsth:Wiktenauer:Main Page/Blog|Current}}
[[File:hroarr-hema-scholar-awards-2014-01.gif|250px|left|thumb|link=http://www.hroarr.com/hema-scholar-awards/hema-scholar-awards-2014/|Rules for nomination and other information can be found [http://www.hroarr.com/hema-scholar-awards/hema-scholar-awards-2014/ here].]]
As we all know HEMA has many different aspects that are all equally important in our shared effort in recreating these forgotten martial arts.
                 SECOND COLUMN
However, all of our success rests on the hard work of ''researchers'', ''transcribers'', ''translators'' and ''interpreters'', hard work, a work that often receives little recognition or actual reward in the way that tournament fighting does, not least since much work is done silently and generously published online for free.
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With this in mind, and acting as a neutral party within the HEMA community, in 2013 HROARR introduced annual awards for Best efforts in HEMA research, with all aspects it includes. The idea was to create a highly prestigious award, our very own ''Oscar'' or ''Nobel Prize'', if you will.
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Each year 5 winners are awarded. Nominations are up to the community to send in, and decisions are based on actual ''achievements during the preceding year'', not through community voting. At this time, all published work has to have been written in ''English'', except for transcriptions, of course.
| title      = Featured article
| content    = {{Wiktenauer:Main page/Featured}}
Decisions will be made by a quite small panel consisting of last year’s awardees and if needed new elected jury members. As the awards become more and more established, these awards will also be more and more independently managed by the new juries and the growing list of awardees and less so by HROARR.
All winners will be presented on a special awards page, where the winners for each year are listed with their achievements.
I sincerely hope this will serve as both an inspiration and an encouragement for all the hard working people in our community!
Thank you and have a great day, everyone!
:[[Roger Norling]]<br/>Responsible publisher and Chief Editor<br/>[http://www.hroarr.com/ HROARR.com]
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! style="padding:2px;" | <h3 style="margin:3px; border:1px solid #e1bd64; background:#faecc8; text-align:left; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">What's New?</h3>
| style="color:#000; padding:2px 5px 5px;" | {{infobox medieval text
| name                  = “Die Blume des Kampfes”
| alternative title(s)  = ''The Flower of Battle''
| image                 = File:Cod.10799 287v288r.png
| width                = 250px
| caption              =
| full title            =
| also known as        =
| author(s)            = {{plainlist | [[Ludwig VI von Eyb]] | Unknown }}
| ascribed to          = {{plainlist | [[Nicholai de Toblem]] (?) | [[Johannes Suvenus]] (?) }}
| compiled by          =
| illustrated by        = Unknown
| patron                =
| dedicated to          =
| audience              =
| language              = [[Early New High German]]
| date                  = before 1420s
| state of existence    = Original hypothetical; multiple incomplete copies exist
<!----------Manuscript Information---------->
| genre                = {{plainlist | [[Fencing manual]] | [[Wrestling manual]] }}
| series                =  
| archetype(s)          =  
| manuscript(s)        = {{plainlist | [[Die Blume des Kampfes (Cod.5278)|Cod. 5278]] (1420s?) | [[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º]] (?) (1465-80) | [[Eyb Kriegsbuch (MS B.26)|MS B.26]] (1500) | [[Bũech von fechter Vnnd Ringstückhen zũ Ross vnnd Fuoß (Cod.10799)|Cod. 10799]] (1623) }}
| principal manuscript(s)=
| first printed edition =
| wiktenauer compilation by=[[Michael Chidester]]
| below                =
'''''Die Blume des Kampfes''''' (“The Flower of Battle”) is a nickname given to a group of three German manuscripts that share a common technical syllabus and set of illustrations. It might possibly be based on the tradition of 14th century Italian master [[Fiore de'i Liberi]], from whose treatise ''Fior di Battaglia'' it derives its nickname, given that his works include considerable technical overlap. It is equally likely, though, that they represent an earlier German tradition of which Fiore was himself an initiate. Fiore mentions in his prefaces that he owned books on the art and he also names two older masters in his tradition, [[Johane Suveno]] and [[Nicholai de Toblem]]; it is possible that either or both of those masters authored texts which inspired both this tradition as well as Fiore's own writings.
The oldest manuscript in the ''Blume des Kampfes'' group is the [[Die Blume des Kampfes (Cod.5278)|Cod. 5278]], which dates to the late 1420s and contains only simple line drawings somewhat reminiscent of the art of Fiore de'i Liberi, though lacking many signature characteristics such as garters and crowns and generally less organized than the Friulian master's work. The second entry was completed in ca. 1500 by [[Ludwig VI von Eyb]], and while contains a significant degree of overlap with the 5278, both manuscripts also have a wealth of unique content. While the artwork, though colored, is of similar quality, Eyb's treatise improves on its predecessor by including detailed German descriptions of the devices in most of its sections. Whether this text was authored by Eyb or present in the sources upon which he based his work cannot currently be determined.
The final manuscript, [[Bũech von fechter Vnnd Ringstückhen zũ Ross vnnd Fuoß (Cod.10799)|Cod. 10799]], is dated 1623 and is again textless. Unlike its fellows, though, it is illustrated with watercolors of high quality; it is also the most extensive of the three by far, encompassing nearly every device from both works as well as a number of unique devices that suggest that it was either not derived directly from the other two known manuscripts or that it used additional sources currently lost to us. The two older manuscripts include [[war book]]s derived from [[Konrad Kyeser]]'s famous treatise on siege warfare ''Bellifortis'', and the artist of the 10799 also included the few ''Bellifortis'' illustrations that seem to portray knights and soldiers, perhaps indicating that he did not understand what he was copying. Aside from the ''Blume des Kampfes'' material, the 10799 also has a good deal of extra content including portrayals of laying down and taking up the sword, Germanic sash wrestling, armored dagger and buckler, and the [[sword dance]].
There is a fourth Germanic manuscript potentially connected to this tradition, the [[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º]]. This manuscript, dating to between 1465 and 1480, includes a version of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s [[record]], a complete set of illustrations from [[Gladiatoria]], and a heavily-abridged version of ''Bellifortis''. Tucked away amidst these works are illustrations of fencing with sword, spear, axe, and dagger that parallel the teachings of the ''Blume des Kampfes'' but only occasionally replicate the artwork exactly. While this may simply be a case of an overambitious artist reinterpreting the illustrations he was copying, the differences are too many to include the manuscript in the concordance below.
([[Die Blume des Kampfes|Read more]]...)
| style="color:#000;" | <div style="margin:3px; border:1px solid #e1bd64; background:#faecc8; text-align:left; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">'''Recently Featured: ''[[Verzeichnis etlicher Stücke des Fechtens im Rapier (MS Germ.Fol.1476)|Verzeichnis etlicher Stücke des Fechtens im Rapier]]'' – [[Anonymous&nbsp;15th&nbsp;Century&nbsp;Poem]] – [[Johann&nbsp;Georg&nbsp;Pascha]] – ''[[Das Ander Theil Des Newen Kůnstreichen Fechtbůches (Cod.Guelf.83.4 Aug.8º)|Das&nbsp;Ander&nbsp;Theil&nbsp;Des&nbsp;Newen&nbsp;Kůnstreichen&nbsp;Fechtbůches]]'''''</div>
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<h2 style="padding:0.2em 0.5em; font-size:150%; font-family:sans-serif;">Wiktenauer parent organizations</h2>
<h2 style="padding:0.2em 0.5em; font-size:150%; font-family:sans-serif;">Wiktenauer parent organizations</h2>
{{:Main page/Wiktenauer parents}}
{{Wiktenauer:Main page/Wiktenauer parents}}
<h2 style="margin-top:12px; padding:0.2em 0.5em; font-size:150%; font-family:sans-serif;">Historical European Martial Arts Federations</h2>
<h2 style="padding:0.2em 0.5em; font-size:150%; font-family:sans-serif;">Historical European Martial Arts Federations</h2>
<div style="clear:both; margin-bottom:12px;">{{:Main page/HEMA federations}}</div>
{{Wiktenauer:Main page/HEMA federations}}
<h2 style="margin-top:12px; padding:0.2em 0.5em; font-size:150%; font-family:sans-serif;">Wiktenauer sponsors</h2>
<h2 style="padding:0.2em 0.5em; font-size:150%; font-family:sans-serif;">Wiktenauer sponsors</h2>
<div style="clear:both; margin-bottom:12px;">{{:Main page/Wiktenauer sponsors}}</div>
<div style="clear:both;">{{Wiktenauer:Main page/Wiktenauer sponsors}}</div>

Revision as of 17:49, 14 December 2014

Welcome to the Wiktenauer!

The free library of Historical European Martial Arts books and manuscripts

Without books no one can be a good teacher nor even a good student of this art.
~ Master Fiore Furlano de’i Liberi, ca. 1405

Dedicated to the memory of Dr. Patri Pugliese

Wiktenauer is an ongoing collaboration among researchers and practitioners from across the Western martial arts (WMA) community, seeking to collect all of the primary and secondary source literature that makes up the text of historical European martial arts (HEMA) research and to organize and present it in a scholarly but accessible format. The Wiktenauer project started in 2009, later receiving sponsorship from the HEMA Alliance, and is named for Johannes Liechtenauer, grand master of the oldest known longsword fencing style; his tradition was also the best-documented of the early Modern era, the subject of many dozens of manuscripts and books over a period of more than three centuries.

Wiktenauer's data model is built on separating the contents of each master's teachings from the books and manuscripts that contain them. For this reason, there are three main types of pages:

Treatise Pages host all relevant data on an individual book or manuscript, including codicological description, provenance, table of contents (with links to the appropriate master pages), gallery of page scans, and bibliography of print resources. The exemplar for manuscripts is the Goliath Fechtbuch, while the exemplar for printed books is Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey. Ultimately, every text in the corpus of Historical European Martial Arts literature will have a dedicated page.

Master Pages host the actual transcription and translation of a given master's complete works, as well as bibliographical information when available. In cases of multiple copies of a master's work, the transcriptions are laid out side-by-side to facilitate the most accurate translation possible. To aid in interpretation, the writings are also illustrated with pictures from the masters' work (if available). A bibliography at the end of each page lists additional transcriptions, translations, and scans that are available in print. The exemplar for this category of pages is Fiore de'i Liberi. Ultimately, every master in all of the traditions of Western Martial Arts will have a dedicated page.

(Anonymous texts are displayed on orphan treatise pages, which are structured like master pages but without the biography.)

If you'd like to pitch in, simply request an account and consult How can I help?

Featured article
Ridolfo Capo Ferro da Cagli
Born 16th century
Died 17th century
Occupation Fencing master
Patron Federico Ubaldo della Roevere
Influences Camillo Aggrippa
Influenced Sebastian Heußler
Genres Fencing manual
Language Italian
Notable work(s) Gran Simulacro dell'Arte e dell'Uso della
Concordance by Michael Chidester

Ridolfo Capo Ferro da Cagli (Ridolfo Capoferro, Rodulphus Capoferrus) was a 17th century Italian fencing master.

He seems to have been born in the town of Cagli in the Province of Pesaro e Urbino, and was a resident of Siena, Tuscany. Little is known about the life of this master, though the dedication to Federico Ubaldo della Roevere, the young son of Duke Francesco Maria Feltrio della Roevere, may indicate that he was associated with the court at Urbino in some capacity. The statement at the beginning of Capo Ferro's treatise describing him as a "master of the great German nation" likely signifies that he was faculty at the University of Siena, either holding a position analogous to dean of all German students, or perhaps merely the fencing master who taught the German students.

At the age of 52, Capo Ferro authored a treatise on the rapier entitled Gran Simulacro dell'Arte e dell'Uso della Scherma ("Great Representation of the Art and Use of Fencing"); it was published in Siena in 1610, but refers to Federico by the ducal title. Though this treatise is highly praised by modern fencing historians, it is neither comprehensive nor particularly innovative and does not seem to have been influential in its own time.


This concordance uses the watercolor illustrations from the 1629 edition where they are available, except for a few in which the paint obscures the actual fencing actions. You can view all of the painted illustrations on the treatise page.

(Read more…)

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Wiktenauer parent organizations

HEMAA logo.png
Historical European Martial Arts (HEMA) Alliance

A US educational non-profit which provides a range of programs and services for its members and affiliate schools and clubs, as well as serving the wider HEMA community.

WMAC logo.png
Western Martial Arts Coalition (WMAC)

A pan-American network of researchers and instructors dedicated to the study of traditional European, American, and related fighting arts and martial traditions.

Historical European Martial Arts Federations

WMAA logo.png
Western Martial Academies of Australia
ÖFHF logo.png
Österreichischer Fachverband für Historisches Fechten
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Societas Belgarum Scientiae Nobilis
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Associação Brasileira de Artes Marciais Históricas Européias
CAS logo.png
Czech Republic
Česká asociace šermířů
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Fédération Française des Arts Martiaux Historiques Européens
AGEA logo.png
Galicia (Spain)
Asociación Galega de Esgrima Antiga
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Deutscher Dachverband Historischer Fechter
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Ελληνική Ομοσπονδία
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Magyar Hosszúkardvívó Sportszövetség
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Vnione Arti Dimicatorie Italia
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H.E.M.A.-bond Nederland
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Polska Federacja Dawnych Europejksich Sztuk Walki
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Federação Portuguesa de Esgrima Histórica
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Historical European Martial Arts Federation of Slovenia
AEEA-FEEH logo.png
Asociación Española de Esgrima Antigua
Federación Española de Esgrima Histórica
SvHEMAF logo.png
Svenska HEMA-förbundet
SFHEMA logo.png
Swiss Federation for Historical European Martial Arts
BFHS logo.png
United Kingdom
British Federation for Historical Swordplay

Wiktenauer sponsors

Each year Wiktenauer holds a two-week fundraising drive to cover our server fees and fund new projects and acquisitions. The following are the organizations are official sponsors of the 2015 fundraiser; a full list of donors can be viewed on the Contributors page.

Top three 2015 donors

Kron Martial Arts.png
Kron Martial Arts
XKdF Network.png
xKdF Network
Schola Saint George.png
Schola Saint George

Associació Catalana d'Esgrima Antiga.png
Associació Catalana d'Esgrima Antiga
Boston Armizare.png
Boston Armizare
Fechtschule Victoria.png
Fechtschule Victoria
Longpoint HEMA Tournaments & Workshops.png
Longpoint: HEMA Tournaments & Workshops
Noble Science Academy.png
Noble Science Academy
Ottawa Swordplay.png
Ottawa Swordplay
Purpleheart Armoury.png
Purpleheart Armoury
Rhode Island Fencing Academy and Club.png
The Rhode Island Fencing Academy and Club
The School of European Swordsmanship.png
School of European Swordsmanship
Sword to Sword.png
Sword to Sword - Kunst des Fechtens
Système d'Armes.png
Système d'Armes - New Orleans
Tattershall School of Defense.png
Tattershall School of Defense