Wiktenauer logo.png

Difference between revisions of "Johannes Lecküchner"

From Wiktenauer
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(One intermediate revision by the same user not shown)
Line 103: Line 103:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cod.Pal.germ.430 001v.png|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[1] This is the art and charter on the Messer of Sir Hans Leckuchner of Nürnberg, which he did and put together himself, the text and the explanation of it.</p>
 
| <p>[1] This is the art and charter on the Messer of Sir Hans Leckuchner of Nürnberg, which he did and put together himself, the text and the explanation of it.</p>
 
| <p>This is the art and charter on the Messer of Sir Hans Leckuchner of Nürnberg, which he did and put together himself, the text and the explanation of it to His Highness Prince and Duke Philip, Count Palatine of Rhein, Arch-Cup-bearer and Prince Elector, and Duke in Bavaria.</p>
 
| <p>This is the art and charter on the Messer of Sir Hans Leckuchner of Nürnberg, which he did and put together himself, the text and the explanation of it to His Highness Prince and Duke Philip, Count Palatine of Rhein, Arch-Cup-bearer and Prince Elector, and Duke in Bavaria.</p>
Line 118: Line 118:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[2] </p>
 
| <p>[2] </p>
 
| <p>'''The foreword'''</p>
 
| <p>'''The foreword'''</p>
Line 592: Line 591:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 003v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[28] </p>
 
| <p>[28] </p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
Line 619: Line 618:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[29] </p>
 
| <p>[29] </p>
 
| <p>Then, do it this way: when he strikes from above from the right side to the head, strike from your right side<ref>Unnecessary repetition, a scribe’s mistake.</ref> also from above angrily<ref>I.e., rapidly</ref> above together to displace him. Then Let “simultaneously” your point shoot forwards towards his face or the chest and “simultaneously” turn your Messer against his, so that the long edge stands above and the short edge is below. If he becomes aware of the point, wind again the point on his left side towards the face, so that always the long edge is above. If he becomes aware of the point, pull up the Messer on the upper Messer’s blade against his Messer and strike to him at the other side to the head. This is called taking away on the Messer.</p>
 
| <p>Then, do it this way: when he strikes from above from the right side to the head, strike from your right side<ref>Unnecessary repetition, a scribe’s mistake.</ref> also from above angrily<ref>I.e., rapidly</ref> above together to displace him. Then Let “simultaneously” your point shoot forwards towards his face or the chest and “simultaneously” turn your Messer against his, so that the long edge stands above and the short edge is below. If he becomes aware of the point, wind again the point on his left side towards the face, so that always the long edge is above. If he becomes aware of the point, pull up the Messer on the upper Messer’s blade against his Messer and strike to him at the other side to the head. This is called taking away on the Messer.</p>
Line 636: Line 634:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 004r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[30] </p>
 
| <p>[30] </p>
 
| <p>'''The ''Zornhau Ort'' is turned against you<br/>strike the receipe: lower the long point and thrust at the chest.'''</p>
 
| <p>'''The ''Zornhau Ort'' is turned against you<br/>strike the receipe: lower the long point and thrust at the chest.'''</p>
Line 653: Line 651:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 004v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[31] </p>
 
| <p>[31] </p>
 
| <p>Then, if he delivers the ''Zornhau Ort'' to you and wants to thrust at your face, lower your Messer with straight arm and lower the point to his chest and push him well back and put the left leg well back.</p>
 
| <p>Then, if he delivers the ''Zornhau Ort'' to you and wants to thrust at your face, lower your Messer with straight arm and lower the point to his chest and push him well back and put the left leg well back.</p>
Line 668: Line 666:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 005r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[32] </p>
 
| <p>[32] </p>
  
Line 689: Line 687:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[33] </p>
 
| <p>[33] </p>
 
| <p>'''You should lower through the point<br/>weaken the head with reaching it with the cross stroke'''</p>
 
| <p>'''You should lower through the point<br/>weaken the head with reaching it with the cross stroke'''</p>
Line 708: Line 705:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 005v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[34] </p>
 
| <p>[34] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to strike crosswise to the ears<br/>Lower the point down to the chest if you want to dupe him.'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to strike crosswise to the ears<br/>Lower the point down to the chest if you want to dupe him.'''</p>
Line 727: Line 724:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Cgm 582 006r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[35] Then, you can also do it with the short edge and also strike or you can strike to the head with the ''Entrüsthau'', as soon as you let the point sink, it all goes right, so that you can perform it rightfully.</p>
 
| <p>[35] Then, you can also do it with the short edge and also strike or you can strike to the head with the ''Entrüsthau'', as soon as you let the point sink, it all goes right, so that you can perform it rightfully.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
Line 743: Line 740:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[36] You can also do the doubling in it, which is also quite good in the work.</p>
 
| <p>[36] You can also do the doubling in it, which is also quite good in the work.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
Line 762: Line 758:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[37] </p>
 
| <p>[37] </p>
 
| <p>'''From the ''Zornhau'', learn to deliver low to the right<br/>Strike shortly or learn to cut through the mouth'''</p>
 
| <p>'''From the ''Zornhau'', learn to deliver low to the right<br/>Strike shortly or learn to cut through the mouth'''</p>
Line 779: Line 774:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 006v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[38] </p>
 
| <p>[38] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he has bound with the short edge<br/>Wind the point in the rightway so you will find him'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he has bound with the short edge<br/>Wind the point in the rightway so you will find him'''</p>
Line 796: Line 791:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 007r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[39] </p>
 
| <p>[39] </p>
 
| <p>'''Learn to directly take away<br/>Strike a good deal long with the edge to the head'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Learn to directly take away<br/>Strike a good deal long with the edge to the head'''</p>
Line 817: Line 812:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Cgm 582 007v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[40] </p>
 
| <p>[40] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he has taken away straight on the Messer<br/>remember to step sideways<br/>Remain, strike, cut or thrust<br/>turn your flat on his one which breaks the takings away.'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he has taken away straight on the Messer<br/>remember to step sideways<br/>Remain, strike, cut or thrust<br/>turn your flat on his one which breaks the takings away.'''</p>
Line 834: Line 829:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[41] </p>
 
| <p>[41] </p>
  
Line 857: Line 851:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[42] </p>
 
| <p>[42] </p>
 
| <p>Then, or drive with the flat of your Messer on his Messer during the taking away and strike to his head with the long edge. And notice, as you fall with the flat on his Messer, that you hit it cleanly. “Simultaneously” go high with the long edge and strike to his head, as it is depicted below.</p>
 
| <p>Then, or drive with the flat of your Messer on his Messer during the taking away and strike to his head with the long edge. And notice, as you fall with the flat on his Messer, that you hit it cleanly. “Simultaneously” go high with the long edge and strike to his head, as it is depicted below.</p>
Line 872: Line 865:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Cgm 582 008r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[43] '''Then, another breaking against the taking away:'''</p>
 
| <p>[43] '''Then, another breaking against the taking away:'''</p>
  
Line 889: Line 882:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[44] Then, another breaking: “simultaneously” as  he takes away, thrust at his face.</p>
 
| <p>[44] Then, another breaking: “simultaneously” as  he takes away, thrust at his face.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
Line 904: Line 896:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[45] </p>
 
| <p>[45] </p>
 
| <p>'''If you want to break the taking away with the flat of the Messer<br/>Wind in the rightway if you want to take revenge.'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If you want to break the taking away with the flat of the Messer<br/>Wind in the rightway if you want to take revenge.'''</p>
Line 921: Line 912:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 008v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[46] </p>
 
| <p>[46] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to hurt you with taking away<br/>Learn to set the point to the face in the right way.'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to hurt you with taking away<br/>Learn to set the point to the face in the right way.'''</p>
Line 938: Line 929:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 009r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[47] </p>
 
| <p>[47] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he sets the point to the face to the right<br/>Lower the point, go straight to the chest-this is the keep'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he sets the point to the face to the right<br/>Lower the point, go straight to the chest-this is the keep'''</p>
Line 955: Line 946:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 009v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[48] </p>
 
| <p>[48] </p>
  
Line 986: Line 977:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[49] Know that if you can work properly with the “war” and you lead it well, he is hardly able to escape from you You can do your work on him, so that he is hardly able to come from you without having been beaten. And what is “before” and “after,” you have heard before, and what is the “war” you will be taught afterwards. ''The text follows.''</p>
 
| <p>[49] Know that if you can work properly with the “war” and you lead it well, he is hardly able to escape from you You can do your work on him, so that he is hardly able to come from you without having been beaten. And what is “before” and “after,” you have heard before, and what is the “war” you will be taught afterwards. ''The text follows.''</p>
 
| <p>And what is “before” and “after,” you have been taught before.</p>
 
| <p>And what is “before” and “after,” you have been taught before.</p>
Line 1,002: Line 992:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Cgm 582 010r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[50] </p>
 
| <p>[50] </p>
  
Line 1,033: Line 1,023:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[51] Now, you should perform the war this way: if you strike the ''Zornhau'' together with him, as soon as he displaces, go high with the arm and wind him the point on his Messer from above to the face to his left side. If he sets the thrust aside, go to the lower peak to his right side and set him the point on. If he follows your Messer with the displacement, seek another peak with the point, downwards to the left side. If he becomes aware of the point, seek the fourth peak with the point, to the face to his right side. And when you want to prepare for the war, you should cleverly understand to always go high with the arm in front of the head, and sink the point to the peaks.</p>
 
| <p>[51] Now, you should perform the war this way: if you strike the ''Zornhau'' together with him, as soon as he displaces, go high with the arm and wind him the point on his Messer from above to the face to his left side. If he sets the thrust aside, go to the lower peak to his right side and set him the point on. If he follows your Messer with the displacement, seek another peak with the point, downwards to the left side. If he becomes aware of the point, seek the fourth peak with the point, to the face to his right side. And when you want to prepare for the war, you should cleverly understand to always go high with the arm in front of the head, and sink the point to the peaks.</p>
 
| <p>Now, perform the war this way: if you strike the Zornhau on him, as soon as he then displaces, go high with the arm and wind him the point on his Messer from above to the face on his left side. If he displaces the thrust aside, go high to the other side to the other peak under his right arm on the chest. In case he follows the thrust, work to the next opening that you can find.</p>
 
| <p>Now, perform the war this way: if you strike the Zornhau on him, as soon as he then displaces, go high with the arm and wind him the point on his Messer from above to the face on his left side. If he displaces the thrust aside, go high to the other side to the other peak under his right arm on the chest. In case he follows the thrust, work to the next opening that you can find.</p>
Line 1,051: Line 1,040:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[52] I tell you that if you have practiced the war and its properties with prudence, your adversary will be weakened from above and from below. ''The text follows.''</p>
 
| <p>[52] I tell you that if you have practiced the war and its properties with prudence, your adversary will be weakened from above and from below. ''The text follows.''</p>
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,066: Line 1,054:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="4" | [[File:Cgm 582 010v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[53] <span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">There are four peaks<br/>That you should acquire<br/>The vigilant notices<br/>Where they are with risk</span></p>
 
| <p>[53] <span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">There are four peaks<br/>That you should acquire<br/>The vigilant notices<br/>Where they are with risk</span></p>
  
Line 1,092: Line 1,080:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[54] </p>
 
| <p>[54] </p>
  
Line 1,117: Line 1,104:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[55] </p>
 
| <p>[55] </p>
  
Line 1,142: Line 1,128:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[56] Take one of the openings and do not pay attention to what he does against you. Strike to it bravely; in case he displaces, strike quickly to the other peak, to the next opening that you can acquire. You should also wait for the body of the man and not for the Messer. ''The text follows.''</p>
 
| <p>[56] Take one of the openings and do not pay attention to what he does against you. Strike to it bravely; in case he displaces, strike quickly to the other peak, to the next opening that you can acquire. You should also wait for the body of the man and not for the Messer. ''The text follows.''</p>
 
| <p>Take the peaks with no fear and do not pay attention to what he does against you. Strike to it bravely; in case he displaces, strike quickly to the other peak, to the next opening that you can acquire.</p>
 
| <p>Take the peaks with no fear and do not pay attention to what he does against you. Strike to it bravely; in case he displaces, strike quickly to the other peak, to the next opening that you can acquire.</p>
Line 1,157: Line 1,142:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 011r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[57] <span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">If you have grasped that<br/>The peaks are acquired<br/>If you want to take revenge<br/>And break skillfully the four peaks<br/>Double from above<br/>And mutate from below</span></p>
 
| <p>[57] <span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">If you have grasped that<br/>The peaks are acquired<br/>If you want to take revenge<br/>And break skillfully the four peaks<br/>Double from above<br/>And mutate from below</span></p>
  
Line 1,179: Line 1,164:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[58] </p>
 
| <p>[58] </p>
 
| <p>Then, if you strike to him from your left side and bind him on his Messer with the long edge, go quickly high with the arm and remain standing on the Messer and strike to him behind the blade of his Messer with the blunt edge.</p>
 
| <p>Then, if you strike to him from your left side and bind him on his Messer with the long edge, go quickly high with the arm and remain standing on the Messer and strike to him behind the blade of his Messer with the blunt edge.</p>
Line 1,194: Line 1,178:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 011v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[59] </p>
 
| <p>[59] </p>
 
| <p>Then, perform the doubling this way: if he strikes to you from above coming from his right shoulder, so strike from your right with strength the same way as he from above to the head. If he displaces the stroke with the strength, wind the hilt under your right arm and go quickly high with the arm and strike him with the long edge behind the blade of his Messer to the head.</p>
 
| <p>Then, perform the doubling this way: if he strikes to you from above coming from his right shoulder, so strike from your right with strength the same way as he from above to the head. If he displaces the stroke with the strength, wind the hilt under your right arm and go quickly high with the arm and strike him with the long edge behind the blade of his Messer to the head.</p>
Line 1,210: Line 1,194:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[60] </p>
 
| <p>[60] </p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
Line 1,236: Line 1,219:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 012r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[61] </p>
 
| <p>[61] </p>
 
| <p>Then, have you bound from your left side with the long edge at his Messer: go high with the arm and remain with the same edge at his Messer and wind to his left side over his Messer and thrust at him to the other peak of his left side. This way you can perform the two elements from all the strokes after you have feeled whether he is “soft” or “hard” “on the Messer.”</p>
 
| <p>Then, have you bound from your left side with the long edge at his Messer: go high with the arm and remain with the same edge at his Messer and wind to his left side over his Messer and thrust at him to the other peak of his left side. This way you can perform the two elements from all the strokes after you have feeled whether he is “soft” or “hard” “on the Messer.”</p>
Line 1,251: Line 1,234:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 012v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[62] </p>
 
| <p>[62] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to mutate<br/>Twitch the point-this will decorate you'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to mutate<br/>Twitch the point-this will decorate you'''</p>
Line 1,271: Line 1,254:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 013r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[63] </p>
 
| <p>[63] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to do the mutating to the right<br/>Wind in the hanging point and you should be guarded'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he wants to do the mutating to the right<br/>Wind in the hanging point and you should be guarded'''</p>
Line 1,288: Line 1,271:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 013v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[64] </p>
 
| <p>[64] </p>
 
| <p>'''The hanging point to your left side<br/>Wind: if you want to deflect the mutating'''</p>
 
| <p>'''The hanging point to your left side<br/>Wind: if you want to deflect the mutating'''</p>
Line 1,305: Line 1,288:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 014r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[65] </p>
 
| <p>[65] </p>
 
| <p>'''If you have deflected the mutating in the hanging point<br/>You may hurry straight to the face'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If you have deflected the mutating in the hanging point<br/>You may hurry straight to the face'''</p>
Line 1,322: Line 1,305:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Cgm 582 014v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[66] </p>
 
| <p>[66] </p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
Line 1,349: Line 1,332:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[67] </p>
 
| <p>[67] </p>
 
| <p>Now notice that the ''Wecker'' is one of the four displacements against the four guards, as with it one obtains the ''Stier'' and the ''Eber'', and the strokes from below.</p>
 
| <p>Now notice that the ''Wecker'' is one of the four displacements against the four guards, as with it one obtains the ''Stier'' and the ''Eber'', and the strokes from below.</p>
Line 1,365: Line 1,347:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[68] </p>
 
| <p>[68] </p>
 
| <p>Then, perform the ''Wecker'' this way: when you come to a man with the ''Zufechten'' and he stands against you and holds his Messer in front of the head in the guard of the ''Stier'' on his left side, put your left foot forwards and have your Messer on your right shoulder or in the ''Schrankhut'' at the right leg and leap with the right foot well to your right side and strike to him with the right edge well on his Messer. “Simultaneously” wind the point into his face.</p>
 
| <p>Then, perform the ''Wecker'' this way: when you come to a man with the ''Zufechten'' and he stands against you and holds his Messer in front of the head in the guard of the ''Stier'' on his left side, put your left foot forwards and have your Messer on your right shoulder or in the ''Schrankhut'' at the right leg and leap with the right foot well to your right side and strike to him with the right edge well on his Messer. “Simultaneously” wind the point into his face.</p>
Line 1,380: Line 1,361:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 015r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[69] </p>
 
| <p>[69] </p>
 
| <p>'''The ''Wecker'' turns the point to the face<br/>Overcoming the point is the end'''</p>
 
| <p>'''The ''Wecker'' turns the point to the face<br/>Overcoming the point is the end'''</p>
Line 1,397: Line 1,378:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 015v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[70] </p>
 
| <p>[70] </p>
 
| <p>'''Learn to do the ''Wecker'' to the right<br/>Shorten, you should angle it out'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Learn to do the ''Wecker'' to the right<br/>Shorten, you should angle it out'''</p>
Line 1,414: Line 1,395:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 016r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[71] </p>
 
| <p>[71] </p>
 
| <p>'''Do the ''Wecker'' with the point to the right<br/>Hang it or stretch straight'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Do the ''Wecker'' with the point to the right<br/>Hang it or stretch straight'''</p>
Line 1,431: Line 1,412:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 016v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[72] </p>
 
| <p>[72] </p>
 
| <p>'''Do the ''Wecker'', let the point go to the face<br/>Wind again to the left, you should not spare with the point'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Do the ''Wecker'', let the point go to the face<br/>Wind again to the left, you should not spare with the point'''</p>
Line 1,448: Line 1,429:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 017r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[73] </p>
 
| <p>[73] </p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
Line 1,473: Line 1,454:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[74] You should also perform the ''Wecker'' therefrom on both sides and perform the ''Schranckhut'' this way: When you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point to your right side on the ground and the long edge be turned upwards on the Messer, and expose yourself with the left side. If he strikes to you from above to the opening, leap out of the stroke with your right foot well to the right side and wind the hilt of the Messer under your arm and strike to him with the long edge to his Messer and turn the blunt edge to his head.</p>
 
| <p>[74] You should also perform the ''Wecker'' therefrom on both sides and perform the ''Schranckhut'' this way: When you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point to your right side on the ground and the long edge be turned upwards on the Messer, and expose yourself with the left side. If he strikes to you from above to the opening, leap out of the stroke with your right foot well to the right side and wind the hilt of the Messer under your arm and strike to him with the long edge to his Messer and turn the blunt edge to his head.</p>
 
| <p>You should also perform the ''Wecker'' therefrom on both sides and perform the ''Schranckhut'' this way: if you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your right foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point on the ground on your left side, so that the blunt edge is against the man. And expose yourself with the right side. If he strikes from above to your opening, leap out of the stroke with your left foot well to his right side and wind the hilt of your Messer under your arm and strike with the long edge on his Messer and turn the short edge on his head and work “simultaneously” as you know it well.</p>
 
| <p>You should also perform the ''Wecker'' therefrom on both sides and perform the ''Schranckhut'' this way: if you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your right foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point on the ground on your left side, so that the blunt edge is against the man. And expose yourself with the right side. If he strikes from above to your opening, leap out of the stroke with your left foot well to his right side and wind the hilt of your Messer under your arm and strike with the long edge on his Messer and turn the short edge on his head and work “simultaneously” as you know it well.</p>
Line 1,490: Line 1,470:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 017v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[75] Then, assume the ''Schranckhut'' on the left side this way: if you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your right foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point at your left side on the ground, so that the short edge is above on the Messer. And expose yourself with the right side. If he strikes to your opening, step with your left foot well out of the stroke to your left side and strike at him while stepping with the short edge over his Messer near the hand and turn the long edge to his head or thrust at his face as before.</p>
 
| <p>[75] Then, assume the ''Schranckhut'' on the left side this way: if you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your right foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point at your left side on the ground, so that the short edge is above on the Messer. And expose yourself with the right side. If he strikes to your opening, step with your left foot well out of the stroke to your left side and strike at him while stepping with the short edge over his Messer near the hand and turn the long edge to his head or thrust at his face as before.</p>
 
| <p>Then, perform the ''Schranckhut'' on your right side in this way: when you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point to your right side so that the point is on the ground and the short edge is against the man, and expose yourself with the left side. Then, step with your right foot well out of the stroke to your right side and strike to him with the short edge on his Messer close to the hand. Then, turn the long or the short edge on his head or thrust to his face as before. You can also perform the ''Wecker'' to the ''Stier'', as it is depicted below.</p>
 
| <p>Then, perform the ''Schranckhut'' on your right side in this way: when you come with the ''Zufechten'' to the man, put your left foot forwards and hold your Messer with the point to your right side so that the point is on the ground and the short edge is against the man, and expose yourself with the left side. Then, step with your right foot well out of the stroke to your right side and strike to him with the short edge on his Messer close to the hand. Then, turn the long or the short edge on his head or thrust to his face as before. You can also perform the ''Wecker'' to the ''Stier'', as it is depicted below.</p>
Line 1,507: Line 1,487:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 018r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[76] </p>
 
| <p>[76] </p>
 
| <p><span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">Do not do the ''Wecker'' to the left, strike short<br/>Change through the right and strike</span></p>
 
| <p><span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">Do not do the ''Wecker'' to the left, strike short<br/>Change through the right and strike</span></p>
Line 1,528: Line 1,508:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 018v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[77] </p>
 
| <p>[77] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he has done the ''Wecker'' to the left with changing through<br/>Remain straight, he will be stretched'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he has done the ''Wecker'' to the left with changing through<br/>Remain straight, he will be stretched'''</p>
Line 1,545: Line 1,525:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Cgm 582 019r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[78] </p>
 
| <p>[78] </p>
 
| <p><span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">Strike the ''Wecker'' to the left<br/>Show the changing through with it</span></p>
 
| <p><span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">Strike the ''Wecker'' to the left<br/>Show the changing through with it</span></p>
Line 1,565: Line 1,545:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
 
 
| <p>[79] </p>
 
| <p>[79] </p>
  
Line 1,591: Line 1,570:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 019v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[80] </p>
 
| <p>[80] </p>
 
| <p>'''If he strikes the Wecker from the left and wants to save the point<br/>Let the point go down directly, thrust at the throat'''</p>
 
| <p>'''If he strikes the Wecker from the left and wants to save the point<br/>Let the point go down directly, thrust at the throat'''</p>
Line 1,608: Line 1,587:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 020r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[81] <span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">Do the ''Wecker'' to the flats<br/>Of the masters, if you want to weaken them<br/>As it clashes above<br/>Stand away-this I want to praise</span></p>
 
| <p>[81] <span class="red" style="font-weight:bold;">Do the ''Wecker'' to the flats<br/>Of the masters, if you want to weaken them<br/>As it clashes above<br/>Stand away-this I want to praise</span></p>
  
Line 1,629: Line 1,608:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| [[File:Cgm 582 020v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[82] </p>
 
| <p>[82] </p>
 
| <p>'''He does the ''Wecker'' around so<br/>Hanging point-he hits the chest'''</p>
 
| <p>'''He does the ''Wecker'' around so<br/>Hanging point-he hits the chest'''</p>

Revision as of 23:01, 12 July 2021

Johannes Lecküchner
Born ca. 1430s
Nuremberg, Germany
Died December 31, 1482
Herzogenaurach, Germany
Occupation
Alma mater University of Leipzig
Influences Johannes Liechtenauer (?)
Genres Fencing manual
Language Early New High German
Notable work(s) Kunst des Messerfechtens
Archetype(s)
Manuscript(s)
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations
Signature Johannes Lecküchner Sig.jpg

Johannes Lecküchner (or Hans Lebkommer; ca. 1430s – 1482) was a 15th century German cleric and fencing master. He was born in the Nuremberg area, and in 1455 he was inscribed at the University of Leipzig. In 1457, he received the title of baccalaureus, and he was consecrated as a Catholic acolyte in 1459. At some point before creating his first manuscript in 1478, Lecküchner was consecrated as a priest. From 1480 until his death on December 31, 1482, he was employed as a communal priest in Herzogenaurach, Germany.[1] Lecküchner dedicated his fencing manual to Philip "the Upright" of Wittelsbach, Elector Palatine of the Rhine, but the nature of his connection to the duke remains unclear.[2]

Some 19th century scholars assumed that Lecküchner's name was a corruption of "Liechtenauer" and a reference to Johannes Liechtenauer, the grand master of the primary German longsword tradition. However, biographical information from historical records, as well as the colophon in the manuscript itself, thoroughly disproves this theory. Lecküchner's system of Messer fencing does, however, seem to be related in some way to the longsword teachings of Liechtenauer from the previous century. His teachings are organized in a similar fashion using similar terminology, and often his Recital (Zettel) is nearly identical to that of Liechtenauer.

Two potentially-autograph copies of Lecküchner's treatise are preserved: the Cod. Pal. Germ. 430, completed in 1478, and the Cgm 582, completed on 19 January 1482 (the year of his death).[3] The Cgm 582 mentions in the last paragraph that a previous draft had been produced, which is presumed to be a reference to the CPG 430. Despite the Cgm 582 being the more extensive and elaborate of the two, it is the CPG 430 that seems to be the source for all later repetitions of Lecküchner's teachings. A slightly abridged version of this treatise (probably based on a lost intermediary) was included by Hans von Speyer in the MS M.I.29 in 1491, and similar (but not identical) abridged versions were reproduced by Gregor Erhart in 1533, Paulus Hector Mair in the 1540s, and Lienhart Sollinger in 1556.

Preceding the treatises of Lecküchner and Liechtenauer in the MS M.I.29 are brief notes by a Magister Andreas explaining equivalences in concepts and terminology between the two,[4] perhaps indicating that by this time Lecküchner's teachings had been integrated into the Liechtenauer school of fencing. This notion is further supported by the appearance of Lecküchner's Recital alongside Liechtenauer's in Marxbrüder captain Peter Falkner's treatise of ca. 1495.

One final note of interest is that in 1531, printer Christian Egenolff published a fencing anthology entitled Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst, and included in it a brief treatise on the Messer attributed to a certain Master Hans Lebkommer. This is either a misspelling or alternate rendering of "Lecküchner"; the text appears to be a brief summary of Lecküchner's teachings, intermingled with the Messer teachings of Andre Paurenfeyndt (uncredited). Since there is no indication that it was actually written by Lecküchner (who was long dead by that time), and in order to avoid confusion here, this otherwise anonymous treatise can be found on the Lebkommer page.

Treatise

The two manuscripts whose creation seems to have been personally overseen by Lecküchner contain a number of substantial differences, some of which can be interpreted as corrections in the later edition and others which are less explicable. In this compilation, they're treated as mutually-authoritative and translated separately; it's possible that a future version of this article will merge the translations together and describe the differences in footnotes. Both of these manuscripts were prepared late in Lecküchner's life based on one or more lost earlier versions. The Salzburg version seems likely to be a faithful copy of one of those versions, so it is presented in the first transcription column to illustrate how the text expanded over time.

The typical Wiktenauer style is to break up the Recital into verses in a standard fashion according to their rhyme scheme. In the case of Lecküchner, however, the Recital is already broken into discrete lines in most extant copies, but the precise separation varies from copy to copy. The format of the various copies has therefore been preserved in this table in order to allow comparison (even though that means leaving the Vienna version completely un-separated). In the translation, the verses that are common to multiple copies are rendered in red text, while the verses that are unique to Munich version Ⅰ appear in black text.