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| caption                  = Title page of the 1516 edition
 
| caption                  = Title page of the 1516 edition
 
<!----------Information---------->
 
<!----------Information---------->
 +
| ustcid1                  = 653322
 +
| ustclabel1                = 1516
 +
| ustcid2                  = 55870
 +
| ustclabel2                = 1538
 +
 
| full title                =  
 
| full title                =  
| also known as            = La noble science des ioueurs d'espee
+
| also known as            = ''La noble science des ioueurs d'espee''
 
| author(s)                = {{plainlist
 
| author(s)                = {{plainlist
 
  | [[author::Johannes Liechtenauer]]
 
  | [[author::Johannes Liechtenauer]]
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  | [http://diglib.hab.de/drucke/hn-236/start.htm Digital scans] (1538)
 
  | [http://diglib.hab.de/drucke/hn-236/start.htm Digital scans] (1538)
 
  | [https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b525090494 Digital scans] (1538)
 
  | [https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b525090494 Digital scans] (1538)
 +
| [http://resolver.libis.be/IE10690488/representation Digital scans] (1538)<ref>Actually a 20th century photostatic reproduction of the British Library's copy.</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
 
| below                    =  
 
| below                    =  
 
}}
 
}}
'''''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''''' ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay") is a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing manual]] by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] printed in 1516 in Vienna.<ref>According to [[page:E.1939.65.357 K4r.jpg|page K4r]]</ref> The text shows some connection to the tradition of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]], but with significant unique material.
+
'''''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''''' ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay") is a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing manual]] by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] printed in 1516 in Vienna.<ref>According to [[Page:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1516.pdf/85|page 78]].</ref> The text shows some connection to the tradition of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]], but with significant unique material.
  
 
[[Sydney Anglo]] notes that Paurñfeyndt's is likely the earliest printed treatise on swordsmanship that includes illustrations.<ref>Anglo, Sydney. ''The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe''. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. p46.</ref>
 
[[Sydney Anglo]] notes that Paurñfeyndt's is likely the earliest printed treatise on swordsmanship that includes illustrations.<ref>Anglo, Sydney. ''The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe''. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. p46.</ref>
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== Publication History ==
 
== Publication History ==
  
Paurñfeyndt's ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey'' was first published in Vienna in 1516 by [[Hieronymus Vietor]]. In 1538, it was translated into [[Middle Walloon]] (a language related to French) and published by [[Willem Vorsterman]] in Antwerp,<ref>According to [[page:Hn 236 35v.jpg|page 35v]]</ref> where it was retitled ''La noble science des ioueurs d'espee''. This translation omits all of Liechtenauer's verse, but retains the balance of the content and the original images. Sections of Paurñfeyndt's text were also reproduced in a 1530s book by [[Christian Egenolff]] entitled ''[[Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)|Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst]]''.
+
Paurñfeyndt's ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey'' was first published in Vienna in 1516 by [[Hieronymus Vietor]]. In 1538, it was translated into [[Middle Walloon]] (a language related to French) and published by [[Willem Vorsterman]] in Antwerp,<ref>According to [[Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1538.pdf/81|page 70]]</ref> where it was retitled ''La noble science des ioueurs d'espee''. This translation omits all of Liechtenauer's verse, but retains the balance of the content and the original images. Sections of Paurñfeyndt's text were also reproduced in a 1530s book by [[Christian Egenolff]] entitled ''[[Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst (Christian Egenolff)|Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst]]''.
  
Some time before 1520, the section on pole weapons was copied into the [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|MS German Quarto 2020]] by an unknown scribe; based on the timeline and geography, it's possible that Paurñfeyndt was directly involved in this venture. In 1564, [[Lienhart Sollinger]] created a new manuscript copy of this text, which was later bound by [[Paulus Hector Mair]] into the [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Codex I.6.2º.2]].
+
Between 1535 and 1540, the section on pole weapons was copied into the [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|MS Germ.quart. 2020]] by an unknown scribe. In 1564, [[Lienhart Sollinger]] created a new manuscript copy of the entire text, which was later bound by [[Paulus Hector Mair]] into the [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Codex I.6.2º.2]].
  
 
== Contents ==
 
== Contents ==
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|3 - 44]]
 
! [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|3 - 44]]
| [[Long sword]] by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]]
+
| [[Sword]] by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|-  
 
|-  
! 69 - 70
+
! [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|69 - 70]]
| {{treatise begin
+
| Conclusion by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]]
  | title = Rear matter
 
  | width = 56em
 
}}
 
{| class="floated treatisecontent"
 
|-
 
! <p>{{rating|m}}</p>
 
! <p>Transcription<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
 
 
|-
 
|
 
| '''[69]''' Cunctis qui placeat credo quod modo non uiuat.
 
Wer wunſchñ war<br/>So het ich weder haudt nach har.
 
 
 
|-
 
|
 
| '''[70]''' Mit ſolichm͂ auſʒcʒug diſʒer Ritterlichen kunſt der Fechterey/pin ich bewegt wordñ man cherlay vrſach halbñ/cʒu beſchreiben diſe Ritterliche kunſt/ Ydoch auff ſollichs fleiſſigs ermaneñ/hab ich aufs kurcʒiſt erſucht diſeſ buchlein/welchs ich verer vñ ſchenck meineñ ſchulerñ/an welcheñ chain cʒweifel ſtet das cʒv wenigerñ/ſunder von tag cʒu tag cʒu mer/ reñ vnd beſſerñ/Wo ich indert geirt het(wan menſlich iſt cʒu irreñ) wer vnfleiſʒ in ſchuld Solichs pit ich diemieutig von mir geutlich an ʒunemen ſo mir aber got gnad vñ gſundt/ hait verleicht/wil ich vleiſʒ ankern vnd kurcʒlich ʒu einem neuen iar euch ſchenken ein an/ dre vnd erñſtlichere erclarung welche nucʒlich vnd erñſtlich ſich ertʒaigen wirt/wo kunſt teglich geert wirt/auf ſolchs pefilich mich eurñ herſchaftñ in allen dienſtñ
 
 
 
Sutor ſuper crepidam noli iudicare
 
 
 
Viennae. Auſtriae per Hieronmũ Vetorẽ. 1516.
 
|}
 
{{treatise end}}
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
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<h3 style="clear:both;"> Title pages </h3>
 
<h3 style="clear:both;"> Title pages </h3>
  
{{image|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey 1516 title.jpg|German Edition (1516)}}
+
{{image|h=1|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey 1516 title.jpg|German Edition (1516)}}
{{image|La noble science des ioueurs d'espee 1538.jpg|Walloon Edition (1538)}}
+
{{image|h=1|La noble science des ioueurs d'espee 1538.jpg|Walloon Edition (1538)}}
  
 
<h3 style="clear:both;"> Illustrations </h3>
 
<h3 style="clear:both;"> Illustrations </h3>
  
{{Image|Andre Paurñfeyndt.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Andre Paurñfeyndt.jpg|Heraldry}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 1.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 1.jpg|Figure 1}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 2.jpg}}
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{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 2.jpg|Figure 2}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 3.jpg}}
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{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 3.jpg|Figure 3}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 4.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 4.jpg|Figure 4}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 5.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 5.jpg|Figure 5}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 6.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 6.jpg|Figure 6}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 7.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 7.jpg|Figure 7}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 8.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 8.jpg|Figure 8}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 9.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 9.jpg|Figure 9}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 10.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 10.jpg|Figure 10}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 11.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 11.jpg|Figure 11}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 12.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 12.jpg|Figure 12}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 13.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 13.jpg|Figure 13}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 14.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 14.jpg|Figure 14}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 15.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 15.jpg|Figure 15}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 16.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 16.jpg|Figure 16}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 17.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 17.jpg|Figure 17}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 18.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 18.jpg|Figure 18}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 19.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 19.jpg|Figure 19}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 20.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 20.jpg|Figure 20}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 21.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 21.jpg|Figure 21}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 22.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 22.jpg|Figure 22}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 23.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 23.jpg|Figure 23}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 24.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 24.jpg|Figure 24}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 25.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 25.jpg|Figure 25}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 26.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 26.jpg|Figure 26}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 27.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 27.jpg|Figure 27}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 28.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 28.jpg|Figure 28}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 29.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 29.jpg|Figure 29}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 30.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 30.jpg|Figure 30}}
{{Image|Paurñfeyndt 31.jpg}}
+
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 31.jpg|Figure 31}}
 +
{{image|h=1|Paurñfeyndt 32.jpg|Figure 32}}
 +
 
 +
<h3 style="clear:both;"> Halves </h3>
 +
 
 +
These are all the half-blocks that were used to compose some of the full figures above. The figures not represented here were created as full-width blocks.
 +
 
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt A.png|A}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt B.png|B}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt C.png|C}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt D.png|D}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt E.png|E}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt F.png|F}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt G.png|G}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt H.png|H}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt I.png|I}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt K.png|K}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt L.png|L}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt M.png|M}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt N.png|N}}
 +
{{image|Paurñfeyndt O.png|O}}
  
 
== Additional Resources ==
 
== Additional Resources ==
  
 +
* Bauer, Matthias Johannes. "Economising Early Prints on Fight Books by Multiple Using Movable Half Page Woodcuts". ''[[Acta Periodica Duellatorum]]'' '''4'''(2): 99–116, 2016. {{doi|10.36950/apd-2016-015}}
 
* Jaquet, Daniel; [[Bartłomiej Walczak|Walczak, Bartłomiej]]. "Liegnitzer, Hundsfeld or Lew? The question of authorship of popular Medieval fighting teachings". ''[[Acta Periodica Duellatorum]]'' '''2'''(1): 105-148. 2014. {{doi|10.1515/apd-2015-0015}}.
 
* Jaquet, Daniel; [[Bartłomiej Walczak|Walczak, Bartłomiej]]. "Liegnitzer, Hundsfeld or Lew? The question of authorship of popular Medieval fighting teachings". ''[[Acta Periodica Duellatorum]]'' '''2'''(1): 105-148. 2014. {{doi|10.1515/apd-2015-0015}}.
 +
* Roelofsen, Mathijs. "La Noble Science des Joueurs d’Espée: Fight Book and Commercial Product". ''[[Acta Periodica Duellatorum]]'' '''8'''(1): 73-88. 2020. {{doi|10.36950/apd-2020-005}}
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
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[[Category:Treatises]]
 
[[Category:Treatises]]
 
[[Category:Incunabula]]
 
[[Category:Incunabula]]
 +
 +
[[Category:Painted Prints]]

Latest revision as of 16:54, 21 October 2021

Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey
Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay
Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey 1516 title.jpg
Title page of the 1516 edition
USTC ID
Also known as La noble science des ioueurs d'espee
Author(s)
Illustrated by Unknown
Place of origin
  • Vienna (1516)
  • Antwerp (1538)
Language
Genre(s) Fencing manual
Publisher
Pages 74
Extant copies
  • E.1939.65.357 (1516)
  • Hn 236 (1538)
Treatise scans

Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay") is a German fencing manual by Andre Paurñfeyndt printed in 1516 in Vienna.[2] The text shows some connection to the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, but with significant unique material.

Sydney Anglo notes that Paurñfeyndt's is likely the earliest printed treatise on swordsmanship that includes illustrations.[3]

Publication History

Paurñfeyndt's Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey was first published in Vienna in 1516 by Hieronymus Vietor. In 1538, it was translated into Middle Walloon (a language related to French) and published by Willem Vorsterman in Antwerp,[4] where it was retitled La noble science des ioueurs d'espee. This translation omits all of Liechtenauer's verse, but retains the balance of the content and the original images. Sections of Paurñfeyndt's text were also reproduced in a 1530s book by Christian Egenolff entitled Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst.

Between 1535 and 1540, the section on pole weapons was copied into the MS Germ.quart. 2020 by an unknown scribe. In 1564, Lienhart Sollinger created a new manuscript copy of the entire text, which was later bound by Paulus Hector Mair into the Codex I.6.2º.2.

Contents

1 - 2 Preface by Andre Paurñfeyndt
3 - 44 Sword by Andre Paurñfeyndt
45 - 58 Dussack by Andre Paurñfeyndt
59 - 65 Staff by Andre Paurñfeyndt
66 - 67 Dagger by Andre Lignitzer
68 - 69 Sword and buckler by Andre Lignitzer
69 - 70 Conclusion by Andre Paurñfeyndt

Gallery

Title pages

German Edition (1516)
Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey 1516 title.jpg
Walloon Edition (1538)
La noble science des ioueurs d'espee 1538.jpg

Illustrations

Heraldry
Andre Paurenfeyndt.jpg
Figure 1
Paurenfeyndt 1.jpg
Figure 2
Paurenfeyndt 2.jpg
Figure 3
Paurenfeyndt 3.jpg
Figure 4
Paurenfeyndt 4.jpg
Figure 5
Paurenfeyndt 5.jpg
Figure 6
Paurenfeyndt 6.jpg
Figure 7
Paurenfeyndt 7.jpg
Figure 8
Paurenfeyndt 8.jpg
Figure 9
Paurenfeyndt 9.jpg
Figure 10
Paurenfeyndt 10.jpg
Figure 11
Paurenfeyndt 11.jpg
Figure 12
Paurenfeyndt 12.jpg
Figure 13
Paurenfeyndt 13.jpg
Figure 14
Paurenfeyndt 14.jpg
Figure 15
Paurenfeyndt 15.jpg
Figure 16
Paurenfeyndt 16.jpg
Figure 17
Paurenfeyndt 17.jpg
Figure 18
Paurenfeyndt 18.jpg
Figure 19
Paurenfeyndt 19.jpg
Figure 20
Paurenfeyndt 20.jpg
Figure 21
Paurenfeyndt 21.jpg
Figure 22
Paurenfeyndt 22.jpg
Figure 23
Paurenfeyndt 23.jpg
Figure 24
Paurenfeyndt 24.jpg
Figure 25
Paurenfeyndt 25.jpg
Figure 26
Paurenfeyndt 26.jpg
Figure 27
Paurenfeyndt 27.jpg
Figure 28
Paurenfeyndt 28.jpg
Figure 29
Paurenfeyndt 29.jpg
Figure 30
Paurenfeyndt 30.jpg
Figure 31
Paurenfeyndt 31.jpg
Figure 32
Paurenfeyndt 32.jpg

Halves

These are all the half-blocks that were used to compose some of the full figures above. The figures not represented here were created as full-width blocks.

A
Paurenfeyndt A.png
B
Paurenfeyndt B.png
C
Paurenfeyndt C.png
D
Paurenfeyndt D.png
E
Paurenfeyndt E.png
F
Paurenfeyndt F.png
G
Paurenfeyndt G.png
H
Paurenfeyndt H.png
I
Paurenfeyndt I.png
K
Paurenfeyndt K.png
L
Paurenfeyndt L.png
M
Paurenfeyndt M.png
N
Paurenfeyndt N.png
O
Paurenfeyndt O.png

Additional Resources

References

  1. Actually a 20th century photostatic reproduction of the British Library's copy.
  2. According to page 78.
  3. Anglo, Sydney. The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. p46.
  4. According to page 70

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Herzog August Bibliothek Herzog August Bibliothek
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription (1516) Michael Chidester Index:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription (1538) Olivier Dupuis, Didier de Grenier, Michael Huber Index:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurñfeyndt)
CCBYNCSA30.png