Gladiatoria (MS CL23842)
|MS CL23842, Musée National du Moyen Age
|Leng's catalog||38.2.3 / 38.6.2|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Material||Paper, with a contemporary wood
and leather binding
|Format||Double-sided; one illustration per
side, with occasional captions
The MS CL23842 is a German fencing manual created some time after 1495. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Musée National du Moyen Age in Paris, France. This manuscript is a compilation work; it seems to consist of three distinct sections, illustrated by at least two different artists, and several pages have been shuffled since it was created. The first section consists of mounted and foot combat after the style of Johannes Liechtenauer, probably based on the writings of Paulus Kal and Peter Faulkner. The second section covers various forms of judicial combat, and might be related to Jörg Wilhalm Hutter's later works in the 1520s. The third section is a fragment of the Gladiatoria treatise. The CL23842 seems to have much in common with the Codex Guelf 78.2 August 2°, which may also have been a source, and like that manuscript, it is generally lacking descriptive text.
The known provenance of the CL23842 is:
- Created no earlier than the 1490s based on the watermarks on the paper, and before the 1520s due to the connection to Jörg Wilhalm Hutter.
- pre-1800s-1980s - in the Fürstenberg library at the castle at Donaueschingen. Possibly acquired by Graf Wolfgang von Fürstenberg (1465-1509), the founder of the library. Listed as MS 862 in a Fürstliche Fürstenbergische Hofbibliothek catalogue in the 1800s and stamped by the library at each end (sold privately, 1980s).
- 1980s-2005 - the private collection of Ian Woodner (1903-1990) of New York (sold London, Sotheby's, 2008)
- 2008 - purchased by the Musée National du Moyen Age.
As this manuscript is not currently available for study, the accuracy of this table of contents cannot be confirmed.
|1r - 11v||Blank pages|
|12r - 57v||Illustrations of longsword|
|60r - 69v||Illustrations of messer without armor|
|72r - 87v, 194r||Illustrations of dagger without armor|
|95r - 114v||Illustrations of grappling without armor|
|118r - 131v||Illustrations of sword and buckler without armor|
|133v - 148r||Illustrations of mounted fencing in armor|
|149r - 178v||Illustrations of longsword in armor|
|180r - 181v||Illustrations of longshield with and without armor|
|183r - 191v||Illustrations of pole weapons without armor|
|194r||Illustration of navaja|
|194v||Illustration of a duel between a man and a woman|
|195r - 212v||Illustrations of longsword in armor from the Gladiatoria group|
|213r - 224v||Blank pages|
Images hosted by the musée national du Moyen Âge.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 See Sotheby's description on Talk page.
- ↑ Based on the caption "Here begin Peter's devices: the sword-taking with counters and grappling. This is painted according to the Record, or according to the Running Through [rather than] the Record." (Hie hebendt peters stuck an: die swert nemen mit pruchen und ringen. Lasz ab malen nach deme zetel oder nach dem durchlauffen…[illegible] zettel) on f 47r. Compare with the device on f 15r of Falkner's work.